Anatomy

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harpa15
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240369
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Anatomy
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2013-10-22 06:55:42
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  1. The superciliary arches are situated...
    Frontal bone- Squama- External surface
  2. The frontal tuberosity is situated...
    Frontal bone- Squama- External surface-Above superciliary arches
  3. The glabella is situated...
    Frontal bone- Squama- External surface-between superciliary arches
  4. The zygomatic surface is situated...
    Frontal bone- Squama-External surface- Forms upper lateral rim of orbit- articulates with zygomatic bone
  5. The supraorbital notch is situated
    Frontal bone- Squama- External surface- Median part of superior rim of each orbit
  6. Frontal crest. Situated where and what purpose
    Frontal bone -Squama -Internal surface: Point of attachment for falx cerebri
  7. Ethmoidal notch
    Frontal bone- Orbital part-Superior surface. The ethmoid bone is embedded into it
  8. Fossa for lacrimal gland
    Frontal bone-Orbital part-Inferior surface. Laterally in the roof of the orbit
  9. Margins of Parietal bone
    Occipital + Frontal + Sagittal + Squamous
  10. Angels of Parietal bone
    Frontal + Occipital + Sphenoidal + Mastoid
  11. Sutures of Parietal bone
    • Coronal suture: Frontal bone + Parietal bones
    • Sagittal suture: Parietal bones
    • Lambdoid suture: Occipital bone + Parietal bones
    • Squamous suture: Temporal bone with Parietal bone
  12. Parietal tuberosity is situated
    On the parietal bone- External surface
  13. Superior temporal line is situated where and does what
    On the parietal bone- External surface. Gives attachment to the temporal facia.
  14. Inferior temporal line is situated where and does what
    On the parietal bone- External surface. Gives attachment to the temporal muscle.
  15. External occipital protuberance
    Occipital bone- Squama- External surface
  16. External occipital crest
    Occipital bone- Squama- External surface
  17. Superior nuchal line
    Occipital bone- Squama- External surface
  18. Inferior nuchal line
    Occipital bone- Squama- External surface
  19. Internal occipital protuberance
    Occipital bone- Squama- Internal surface
  20. internal occipital crest
    Occipital bone- Squama- Internal surface
  21. Sulcus for the transverse sinus
    Occipital bone- Squama- Internal surface
  22. Sulcus for the occipital sinus
    Occipital bone- Squama- Internal surface
  23. Clivus
    Occipital bone- Basilar part- Superior surface (Medulla oblongata- Pons lies here)
  24. Sulcus for the inferior petrosal sinus
    Occipital bone- Internal surface- Basilar part
  25. Pharyngeal tubercle: Where and role
    Occipital bone- Basilar part- Superior surface. Bony protuberance that serves as a attachment of parts of the pharynx to the base of the skull
  26. Occipital condyles: Where and what
    Occipital bone- Lateral part- External surface: Articular surfaces for the joint with atlas
  27. Hypoglossal canal
    • Occipital bone
    • Lateral part
    • across the condyles from the intracranial to extracranial surface (for the hypoglossal nerve)
  28. Condylar fossa
    Occipital bone- Lateral part- External surface
  29. Condylar canal
    Occipital bone- Lateral part- External surface
  30. Jugular foramen is made up of
    Jugular notch of occipital bone + Jugular notch of temporal bone
  31. Hypophysial fossa
    Sphenoid bone- Body- Superior surface. Containing the pituitary gland.
  32. Dorsum sellae
    Sphenoid bone- Body- Superior surface
  33. Sella turcica
    Sphenoid bone- Body- Superior surface. Hypophysial fossa + dorsum sellae.
  34. Sulcus chiamaticus
    Sphenoid bone- Body- Superior surface
  35. Optic canal
    Sphenoid bone- Body- Superior surface(Middle cranial fossa). Leads into the orbit.
  36. Carotic sulcus
    Sphenoid bone- Body- Superior surface. Groove for internal carotid artery.
  37. Vomer is attached to witch surface of the sphenoid bone
    Inferior surface
  38. Anterior clinoid process
    Sphenoid bone-Lesser wing- Cerebral surface
  39. Surfaces of lesser wing of sphenoid bone
    Cerebral surface + Orbital surface
  40. Surfaces of greater wing of sphenoid bone
    Cerebral surface+ Orbital surface + Lateral surface
  41. Foramen rotundum
    Sphenoid bone- Greater wing- Cerebral surface. Passes from the middle cranial fossa to the pterygopalatine fossa.
  42. Foramen ovale
    Sphenoid bone- Greater wing- Cerebral surface. Passes from the middle cranial fossa to the extracranial infratemoral fossa.
  43. Foramen spinosum
    Sphenoid bone- Greater wing- Cerebral surface. Passes from the middle cranial fossa to the extracranial infratemporal fossa.
  44. Infratemporaal crest
    Sphenoid bone- Greater wing- Lateral surface. Separates the temporal and infratemporal surfaces
  45. Surfaces of lateral surfaces of greater wing of sphenoid bone
    Temporal surface + Infratemporal surface
  46. Medial pterygoid plate
    Sphenoid bone- The pterygoid process
  47. Lateral pterygoid plate
    Sphenoid bone- The pterygoid process
  48. Pterygoid fossa
    Sphenoid bone- The pterygoid process
  49. Pterygoid hamulus
    Sphenoid bone- The pterygoid process
  50. Superior orbital fissure is situated where?
    Between lesser and greater wings of the sphenoid bone
  51. Inferior orbital fissure
    Between greater wings and maxilla. Connects pterygopalatine fossa with orbit.
  52. Parts of temporal bone
    Petrous + Squamous + Tympanic
  53. Processes of petrous part of temporal bone
    Mastoid process and styloid process
  54. Auditory apparatus- Bone and part
    Petrous part of temporal bone
  55. Trigeminal impression
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Anterior surface
  56. Arcuata eminence
    Temporal bone- petrous part- Anterior surface: Above the anterior semicircular canal of the inner ear.
  57. Tegmen tympani
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Anterior surface: Forms the roof of tympanic cavity
  58. Internal acoustic meatus
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Posterior surface.  Posterior cranial fossa-> internal ear. Trough the facial canal to stylomastoid foramen at the external cranial bace.
  59. Groove for inferior petrosal sinus.
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Posterior surface.
  60. Carotid canal
    • (External opening: Temporal bone- Petrous part- Inferior surface)
    • Middle cranial fossa-> external surface of cranial base.
  61. Styloid process
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Inferior surface
  62. Stylomastoid foramen
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Inferior surface
  63. Mastoid process
    Temporal bone- Petrous part- Inferior surface
  64. Parts of Mastoid process
    • External surface: Mastoid foramen + Mastoid notch + Occipital groove .
    • Internal surface: Groove for sigmoid sinus.
  65. Mastoid foramen
    Temporal bone- petrous part- Inferior surface- External surface of Mastoid process
  66. Mastoid notch
    Temporal bone- petrous part- Inferior surface- External surface of Mastoid process
  67. Occipital groove
    Temporal bone- petrous part- Inferior surface- External surface of Mastoid process
  68. Groove for sigmoid sinus
    Temporal bone- petrous part- Inferior surface- Internal surface of Mastoid process
  69. Impressions of cerebral gyri
    Temporal bone- Squamous part- Cerebral surface
  70. Groove for middle meningeal artery
    Temporal bone- Squamous part- Cerebral surface
  71. Articular tubercle
    Temporal bone- Squamous part- Temporal surface
  72. Mandibular fossa
    Temporal bone- Squamous part- Temporal surface
  73. Border of bony part of external acoustic meatus
    Tympanic part of Temporal bone
  74. Parts of ethmoid bone
    Cribriform plate + Perpendicular plate + Labyrinths
  75. Cribriform plate (4 atriði)
    • *Horizontal plate of ethmoid bone
    • *Forms part of the roof of nasal cavity
    • *Embedded between orbital parts of frontal bone
    • *Perforated by numerous foramina which are transversed by olfactory nerves
  76. Perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone (2 atriði)
    • *Vertical plate of ethmoid bone
    • *Forms upper part of nasal septum
  77. Labyrinths
    • *Ethmoid bone
    • *Lateral (orbital) plate forms a part of medial wall of orbit
    • *Medial plate forms a part of the nasal cavity and ends in superior and middle nasal concha.
  78. Crista galli
    Ethmoid bone- Cribriform plate- Superior surface
  79. Parts of palatine bones
    Horizontal plate + perpendicular plate
  80. Posterior nasal spine
    Palatine bone- Horizontal plate
  81. Greater palatine foramen
    • Palatine bone- Horizontal plate- Inferior surface
    • (oral cavity ↔ through palatine canals to pterygopalatine fossa)
  82. Lesser palatine foramen
    • Palatine bone- Horizontal plate- Inferior surface
    • (oral cavity ↔ through palatine canals to pterygopalatine fossa)
  83. Parts of maxilla
    Body + Frontal process + Zygomatic process + Alveolar process + palatine process
  84. Surfaces of the body of maxilla
    Orbital surface+ Anterior surface + Infratemporal suface + Nasal surface
  85. Infraorbital groove and canal
    Maxilla- Body- Orbital surface
  86. Lacrimal notch
    Orbital surface of body of maxilla- joints with lacrimal bone
  87. Infraorbital foramen
    Maxilla- Body- Anterior surface
  88. Canine eminence
    Maxilla- Body- Anterior surface
  89. Nasal notch
    Maxilla- Body - Anterior surface
  90. Anterior nasal spine
    Maxilla- Body- Anterior surface
  91. Maxillary tuberosity
    Maxilla- Body- Infratemporal surface
  92. Alveolar foramina
    Maxilla- Body- Infratemporal surface
  93. Alveolar canalis
    Maxilla- Body- Infratemporal surface
  94. Maxillary hiatus
    Maxilla- Body- nasal surface. Opening from maxillary sinus
  95. Processes of maxilla
    • Frontal
    • Zygomatic
    • Alveolar
    • Palatine: Floor of nasal cavity + roof of oral cavity
  96. Anterior lacrimal crest
    Maxilla- Frontal process
  97. Parts of mandlble
    Body + Ramus + Angle
  98. Mental protuberance
    Mandible- Body- Base- External surface
  99. Mental tubercles
    Mandible- Body- Base- External surface. Bumps laterally on the mental protuberance
  100. Mental foramen
    Mandible- Body- Base- External surface
  101. mental spines
    Mandible- Body- Base- internal surface
  102. digastric fossa
    Mandible- Body- Base- internal surface
  103. mylohyoid line
    Mandible- Body- Base- internal surface
  104. sublingual fossa
    Mandible- Body- Base- internal surface. situated above mylohyoid line
  105. submandibular fossa
    Mandible- Body- Base- internal surface. situated below mylohyoid line
  106. processes of ramus on mandible
    • coronoid process and
    • condylar process (head of mandible)
  107. coronoid process
    mandible- ramus
  108. condylar process
    mandible- ramus
  109. Mandibular foramen
    Mandible- Ramus- medial surface
  110. Mandibular canal
    Mandible- Ramus- medial surface
  111. mylohyoid groove
    Mandible- Ramus- medial surface
  112. masseter tuberosity
    mandible- angle-lateral surface
  113. pterygoid tuberosity
    mandible- angle-medial surface
  114. Border between anterior and middle cranial fossa
    Posterior margins of lesses wings of sphenoid and anterior edge of chiasmatic sulcus.
  115. Border between middle cranial fossa and posterior cranial fossa
    Superior margin of the petrous part of the temporal bone and dorsum sellae
  116. Anterior cranial fossa
    • Frontal bone: Superior surface of orbital part
    • Sphenoid bone: Cerebral surface of lesses wings
    • Ethmoid bone: Cribriform plate
  117. Openings of anterior cranial fossa
    Cribriform foramina: Anterior cranial fossa <-> Nasal cavity
  118. Middle cranial fossa
    • Sphenoid bone: Superior surface of body and cerebral surface of greater wings. 
    • Temporal bone: Anterior surface of petrous part.
  119. openings of middle cranial fossa
    • Optic canal: mcf - orbit
    • Superior orbital fissure: mcf - orbit
    • Foramen rotmundum: mcf - pterygopalatine fossa
    • Foramen ovale: mcf - infratemporal fossa
    • Foramen spinosum: mcf - infratemporal fossa
    • Carotid canal: mcf - external surface of the cranial base
    • Foramen lacerum: closed by cartilage
  120. Posterior cranial fossa
    • Temporal bone: Posterior surface of petrous part + internal surface of mastoid process
    • Occipital bone: Superior surfaces of basilar and lateral parts + internal part of squamous part
  121. Posterior cranial fossa- Openings
    • Internal acoustic meatus: -> internal ear through the facial canal to stylomastoid foramen at the external cranial base. 
    • Jugular foramen: ->external cranial base
    • Hypoglossal canal: external cranial base
    • Foramen magnum: external cranial base

    exit of the condylar canal and mastoid foramen from the external cranial base
  122. Superior wall of orbit
    • Frontal bone: Orbital part- Orbital surface
    • Sphenoid bone: Lesses wing
  123. Medial wall of orbit
    • Maxilla: Frontal process
    • Lacrimal bone
    • Ethmoid bone: Labyrinths- Lateral (orbital) plate
  124. Inferior wall of orbit
    • Zygomatic bone
    • Sphenoid bone: Orbital surface of greater wing
  125. Orbit openings
    • Optic canal: from middle cranial fossa
    • Superior orbital fissure: from middle cranial fossa
    • Inferior orbital fissure: from pterygopalatine fossa
    • Entrance to the nasolacrimal canal: to nasal cavity- inferior nasal meatus
    • Anterior ethmoidal foramen: through orbitocranial canal to anterior cranial fossa
    • Posterior ethmoidal foramen: Through orbitoethmoidal canal to posterior ethmoidal air cells.
  126. Borders of anterior nasal aperture (piriform aperture)
    Maxilla and nasal bones
  127. Borders of posterior nasal aperture (choanae)
    • Superiorly: Sphenoid bone- Inferior surface of the body
    • Laterally: Pterygoid process- medial plate
    • Inferiorly: Palatine bone-horizontal plate
  128. Roof of bony nasal cavity
    • Nasal bones
    • Frontal bone
    • Ethmoid bone- Cribriform plate
    • Sphenoid bone- Inferior surface of the body
  129. Floor of the bony nasal cavity
    • Maxilla- Palatine process
    • Palatine bone- Horizontal plate
  130. Lateral wall of bony nasal cavity
    • Nasal bone
    • Lacrimal bone
    • Maxilla: frontal process + nasal surface of the body
    • Ethmoid bone: Medial plate
    • Palatine bone: Perpendicular plate
    • Sphenoid bone: Pterygoid process- medial plate
    • Inferior nasal concha
  131. Bony nasal septum
    • Ethmoid bone- perpendicular plate
    • Vomer
  132. Openings to the superior nasal meatus
    • Sphenoid sinus
    • Posterior ethmoidal cells
  133. Openings to the middle nasal meatus
    • Frontal sinus
    • Anterior and middle ethmoidal air cells
    • Maxillary sinusis
  134. Opening to the inferior nasal meatus
    Nasolacrimal duct
  135. Cribriform foramina <->
    Nasal cavity<-> Anterior cranial fossa
  136. Sphenopalatine foramen <->
    nasal cavity <->pterygopalatine fossa
  137. Incisive canal <->
    Nasal cavity <-> oral cavity
  138. Skeletal framework of bony palate
    • Maxilla- Palatine process
    • Palatine bone- Horizontal plate
  139. Openings on bony palate
    • Greater and lesser palatine foramina: Oral cavity <-> through palatine canals to pterygopalatine fossa. 
    • Incisive foramne: Oral cavity <-> nasal cavity
  140. Openings and gateways in nasal cavity
    • Openings of the paranasal sinuses and nasolacrimal canal
    • Cribriform foramina: ->Anterior cranial fossa
    • Sphenopalatine foramen: ->Ptherygopalatine fossa
    • Incisive canal: -> oral cavity
  141. Skeletal framework of temporal fossa
    • Superiorly: Temporal lines
    • Laterally: Temporal facia
    • Anteriorly: post. surface of the Frontal proc. of Zygomatic bone + post. surface of the zygomatic process of the Frontal bone
    • Inferiorly: Zygomatic arch laterally and the Infratemporal crest  of the Greater wing of the Sphenoid medially.
  142. Skeletal framework of the Infratemporal fossa
    • Roof: Infratemporal surfaces of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone.
    • Lateral wall: The ramus of the mandible.
    • Medial Wall:The lateral plate of the pterygoid process.
    • Anterior wall: Post. surface of the maxillary body.
  143. Openings of the infratemporal fossa
    • Foramen Ovale: <->middle cranial fossa
    • Foramen Spinosum: <-> middle cranial fossa
    • Mandibular foramen: entrance into the mandibular canal
    • Alveolar foramina: At the maxillary tuberosity. Entrances into alveolar canals for the upper teeth.
  144. Skeletal framework of pterygopalatine fossa
    • Anterior wall: Post. surface of the maxilla.
    • Medial wall: lateral surface of the perpendicular plate of the palatine bone.  
    • Posterior wall and roof: Sphenoid bone- greater wing and pterygoid process.
  145. Pterygopalatine fossa-Openings and gateways
    • Foramen rotundum: <-> middle cranial fossa
    • Pterygoid canal: <-> middle cranial fossa
    • Pterygoidmaxillary fissure: Between the posterior surface of the maxilla and pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone. <-> Indratemporal fossa.
    • Inferior orbital fissure: <-> orbit
    • Sphenopalatine foramen: <-> nasal cavity
    • Palatine canals: Open into greater and lesser palatine foramina. <-> oral cavity
    • Palatovaginal canal: <-> pharynx
  146. Lesser wings of sphenoid bone project...from the body
    anterolaterally from the body
  147. Greater wings of sphenoid bone project....from the body
    laterally
  148. Apex of temporal bone...
    • *is angled between the posterior border of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone and the basilar part of the occipital bone. 
    • *Contains the internal opening of the carotid canal and limits the foramen lacerum posterolaterally
  149. General features of cervical vertebra
    • *Small body-Superior surface concave
    • *Transverse process perforated by a round Foramen transversarium
    • *Spinous process short and bifid
    • *Vertebral foramen triangular
  150. Atlas
    • *NO body
    • *NO spinous process
  151. structures on anterior arch of atlas
    • Anterior tubercle
    • Facet for dens
  152. Structures on posterior arch of atlas
    • Posterior tubercle
    • Groove for vertebral artery
  153. Groove for vertebral artery
    Posterior arch of atlas
  154. Groove for transverse ligament
    Dens of Axis
  155. General features of body of thoracic vertebra
    • *Anteriorposterior and transvers diameter equal 
    • *Superior + inferior facets for ribs on each side
  156. Features of transverse process of Thoracic vertebra
    Long and bears facets for ribs
  157. Spinous process of thoracic vertebra
    Long an directed downwards
  158. Shape of vertebral foramen in thoracic vertebra
    Circular
  159. Plane of artucular process in thoracic vertebra
    Coronal plane
  160. General feature of body of lumbar vertebra
    Large and cylindrical. Without facets for ribs
  161. Shape of vertebral foramen in lumbar vertebra
    triangular
  162. Plane of articular process in lubar
    Sagittal plate
  163. Median sacral crest is formed by fusion of...
    Spinous processes
  164. Intermediate sacral crest is formed by fusion of...
    Articular processes
  165. Lateral sacral crest is formed by fusion of...
    Transverse processes

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