BSMCON Communicable Diseases Pediatrics Test #2

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BSMCON Communicable Diseases Pediatrics Test #2
2013-10-13 17:35:27
BSMCON Communicable Diseases Pediatrics

BSMCON Communicable Diseases Pediatrics
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  1. Characteristics of measles
    Koplik spots in the buccal mucosa

    Maculopapular rash that begins on face and neck, and fades in order of appearance
  2. Measles Nursing Considerations
    • Soft foods- Koplik Spots
    • Low Lights- photophobia
    • Droplet and Contact precautions
    • Lung sounds-pneumonia risk
  3. Mumps Characteristics
    • Parotid gland swelling
    • Head/ear ache
    • Talking painful
  4. Mumps Nursing Considerations
    • DROPLET precautions
    • Soft, blended foods
    • Speaking may hurt
    • Maintain hydration
    • Decrease citrus and other saliva-producing foods
  5. Potential complications of mumps
    • Inflammation of the testicles or ovaries (keep away from men)
    • Encephalitis
    • Meningitis
    • Deafness
  6. Characteristics of Rubella
    • Rash appears on face and decends, disappears in the same order
    • Generalized lymphadenopathy
  7. Nursing Considerations for Rubella
    • DROPLET precautions
    • No vaccine for pregnant mothers (avoid pregnant women-teratogen)
    • Congenital rubella babies shed for months
  8. Chicken pox/ Varicella Characteristics
    • Contagious until all lesions have crusted over
    • Rash begins as discolored spots (macules) then raised spots (papules) then vesicles (fluid-filled).
    • Rash begins on trunk, scalp, and face, then spreads to the rest of the body
    • From 250-500 lesions may be present
  9. Nursing Considerations- Chickenpox
    Airborne and contact precautions

    Acyclovir used for severely immunocompromised patients within 24 hours

    Immunoglobulin for all exposed newborns, immunocompromised or unimmunized children
  10. Chickenpox Complications
    • Dehydration
    • Pneumonia
    • Skin, bone, joint infections
    • Sepsis
    • Bleeding problems