Test 2 Review A & P
Card Set Information
Test 2 Review A & P
Test 2 Review A & P
Test 2 review
Describes a relatively severe disorder of short duration
A group of signs or symptoms that occur together
Rod-shaped bacteria that may form endospores
An organism that transmits a disease-causing organism from one host to another
Invasion by a parasitic worm
The sexually transmitted disease syphilis is caused by spiral bacteria called
A general term for any gland that produces sweat
A condition in which the skin takes on a bluish coloration
The “true skin” or corium
Redness of the skin
New epidermal cells are produced by the
stratum germinativum of the epidermis
The main (black) pigment of the skin is
The hollow center of a long bone
A mature (living) bone cell that is completely surrounded by hard bone tissue
A bone cell that builds new bone tissue.
The most caudal part of the vertebral column
An adjective that refers to the ribs
The anatomical name for the collarbone
A freely movable joint held together by ligaments
A nonmovable joint
A slightly movable joint
Muscle under voluntary control
The immediate source of energy for muscle contraction
The muscle attachment joined to the part of the body that moves
The region of union of two or more bones, a joint
A contraction that shortens the muscle but does not increase in strength
A muscle that must relax during a given movement is called the
A muscle enters into oxygen debt (produces lactic acid) when they are functioning
Glands that produce sebum
The deepest layer of the integument(not a part of the skin)
The knob-like end of a long bone forming part of a ball and socket joint.
A bone cell that breaks down old bone tissue.
The only muscle type that does not have visible striations
The muscle attachment joined to a part of the body that does not move
Glands that are only found in the breast and produce milk
A skin symptom where small bumps are found on the skin
The end of a long bone
A narrow region of a bone below the head.
A cord-like structure that attaches a muscle to bone
Muscles not under voluntary control
A term for a disease that can be transmitted between individuals
A term for a disease that persists over a long period (but is less severe).
Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms.
The study of the cause of a disorder
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease.
Spherical bacteria organized in clusters
Spherical bacteria organized in strings
Spherical bacteria organized in pairs
Glands that are only found in the ear canal
Glands that are only found on the eyelids
The protein in the epidermis that thickens and protects the skin
The uppermost layer of the skin, consisting of flat, keratin-filled cells
Stratum Corneaum of the Epidermis
Another term for itching
A small sac that contains fluid; a blister.
Blood vessels become smaller to decrease blood flow (when the skin is cold). This decrease in size is called.
The process of blood vessels becoming larger in diameter is called
The shaft of a long bone
The type of bone tissue found at the end of long bones.
The kind of bone tissue found in the middle (shaft) of long bones
A distinct border or edge on a bone.
A pointed process on a bone
Rough areas on a bone function as sites for
Attachment of Tendon or Ligament
A hole that permits the passage of a vessel or nerve
A lateral curvature of the vertebral column
Scientific name for a “hump-back”
Scientific name for “sway-back”
The last two pairs of ribs, which are very short and do not extend to the front of the body (do not attach in the front)
A structure that attaches a bone to another bone
The structure that attaches a muscle to a bone or another muscle
The muscle type that is found in the middle layer (myocardium) of the heart
The source of energy used by the mitochondria to produce ATP
The compound that accumulates during anaerobic metabolism (not enough oxygen)
The way a muscle moves a part of the body is called the muscle’s _____
A contraction that generates tension but does not shorten the muscle is called
A contraction that does not increase tension but does shorten the muscle.
The building blocks of protein
Which cell organelle synthesizes protein
What tells that organelle which amino acids to use and what order to put the amino acids?
What tells the RNA how to build the protein?
Where do you get your DNA?
Mom and Dad
Which cell organelle contains your DNA?
What is a mutation?
Change in DNA
Where did you get both DNA and RNA?
What cell organelle contains the cell?
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
What does semipermiable (selective permeability) mean?
That it only lets some thing's through
Which cell organelle’s semipermeability (selective permeability) is important in our discussion of the cell’s functioning.
What chemical does the cell use for energy?
Which cell organelle synthesizes the chemical the cell uses for energy?
Which U.S. organization monitors diseases around the world?
Center for Disease Controle (CDC)
Which international organization monitors health issues around the world?
World Health Organization (WHO)
What do doctors call a disease that kills everybody it infects?
What do you call an organism (such as chimps or humans) that can carry a disease such as Ebola?
The most prevalent bacterial infection currently on earth is _____.
Who touches who and for how long varies between _____ and _____.
Generation and Culture
Therapeutic touch is called _____.
Premature babies gain 47% more weight if they receive _____.
_____ is necessary for physical and psychological well being.
The _____ depraved monkey became neurotic, asocial, depressed, and confused.
_____ can cause airways to relax and relieve asthma, lower blood pressure, decrease pulse, and help lower stress.
The _____ are the most sensitive part of the body to touch.