Test 2 Review A & P

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hcompton
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Test 2 Review A & P
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2009-12-06 23:35:14
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Test 2 Review A & P
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Test 2 review
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  1. Describes a relatively severe disorder of short duration
    Acute
  2. A group of signs or symptoms that occur together
    Syndrome
  3. Rod-shaped bacteria that may form endospores
    Bacilli
  4. An organism that transmits a disease-causing organism from one host to another
    Vector
  5. Invasion by a parasitic worm
    Infestation
  6. The sexually transmitted disease syphilis is caused by spiral bacteria called
    Spirochete
  7. A general term for any gland that produces sweat
    Sudoriferous
  8. A condition in which the skin takes on a bluish coloration
    Cyanosis
  9. The “true skin” or corium
    Dermis
  10. Redness of the skin
    Erythema
  11. New epidermal cells are produced by the
    stratum germinativum of the epidermis
  12. The main (black) pigment of the skin is
    Melanin
  13. The hollow center of a long bone
    Medullary Cavity
  14. A mature (living) bone cell that is completely surrounded by hard bone tissue
    Osteocyte
  15. A bone cell that builds new bone tissue.
    Osteoblasts
  16. The most caudal part of the vertebral column
    Coccyx
  17. An adjective that refers to the ribs
    Costal
  18. The anatomical name for the collarbone
    Clavicle
  19. A freely movable joint held together by ligaments
    Diarthrodial
  20. A nonmovable joint
    Synarthrodial
  21. A slightly movable joint
    Amphirathrodial
  22. Muscle under voluntary control
    Skeletal
  23. The immediate source of energy for muscle contraction
    ATP
  24. The muscle attachment joined to the part of the body that moves
    Insertion
  25. The region of union of two or more bones, a joint
    Articulation
  26. A contraction that shortens the muscle but does not increase in strength
    Isotonic
  27. A muscle that must relax during a given movement is called the
    Antagonist
  28. A muscle enters into oxygen debt (produces lactic acid) when they are functioning
    Anaerobically
  29. Glands that produce sebum
    Sebaceous
  30. The deepest layer of the integument(not a part of the skin)
    Subcutaneous Layer
  31. The knob-like end of a long bone forming part of a ball and socket joint.
    Head
  32. A bone cell that breaks down old bone tissue.
    Osteoclasts
  33. The only muscle type that does not have visible striations
    Smooth
  34. The muscle attachment joined to a part of the body that does not move
    Origin
  35. Glands that are only found in the breast and produce milk
    Mammarttendon
  36. A skin symptom where small bumps are found on the skin
    Papules
  37. The end of a long bone
    Epiphysis
  38. A narrow region of a bone below the head.
    Neck
  39. A cord-like structure that attaches a muscle to bone
    Tendon
  40. Muscles not under voluntary control
    Smooth, Involuntary
  41. A term for a disease that can be transmitted between individuals
    Communicable
  42. A term for a disease that persists over a long period (but is less severe).
    Chronic
  43. Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms.
    Infection
  44. The study of the cause of a disorder
    Etiology
  45. A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease.
    Prognosis
  46. Spherical bacteria organized in clusters
    Staphylococcus
  47. Spherical bacteria organized in strings
    Stretococcus
  48. Spherical bacteria organized in pairs
    Diplococcus
  49. Glands that are only found in the ear canal
    Ceruminous
  50. Glands that are only found on the eyelids
    Ciliary
  51. The protein in the epidermis that thickens and protects the skin
    Collagen
  52. The uppermost layer of the skin, consisting of flat, keratin-filled cells
    Stratum Corneaum of the Epidermis
  53. Another term for itching
    Pruritis
  54. A small sac that contains fluid; a blister.
    Vesicle
  55. Blood vessels become smaller to decrease blood flow (when the skin is cold). This decrease in size is called.
    Vasoconstriction
  56. The process of blood vessels becoming larger in diameter is called
    Vasodilation
  57. The shaft of a long bone
    Diaphysis
  58. The type of bone tissue found at the end of long bones.
    Spongy
  59. The kind of bone tissue found in the middle (shaft) of long bones
    Compact
  60. A distinct border or edge on a bone.
    Crest
  61. A pointed process on a bone
    Spine
  62. Rough areas on a bone function as sites for
    Attachment of Tendon or Ligament
  63. A hole that permits the passage of a vessel or nerve
    Foramen
  64. A lateral curvature of the vertebral column
    Scoliosis
  65. Scientific name for a “hump-back”
    Kyphosis
  66. Scientific name for “sway-back”
    Lordosis
  67. The last two pairs of ribs, which are very short and do not extend to the front of the body (do not attach in the front)
    Floating
  68. A structure that attaches a bone to another bone
    Ligament
  69. The structure that attaches a muscle to a bone or another muscle
    Tendon
  70. The muscle type that is found in the middle layer (myocardium) of the heart
    Cardiac
  71. The source of energy used by the mitochondria to produce ATP
    Food
  72. The compound that accumulates during anaerobic metabolism (not enough oxygen)
    Lactic Acid
  73. The way a muscle moves a part of the body is called the muscle’s _____
    Action
  74. A contraction that generates tension but does not shorten the muscle is called
    Isometric
  75. A contraction that does not increase tension but does shorten the muscle.
    Isotonic
  76. The building blocks of protein
    Amino Acid
  77. Which cell organelle synthesizes protein
    Ribosomes
  78. What tells that organelle which amino acids to use and what order to put the amino acids?
    RNA
  79. What tells the RNA how to build the protein?
    DNA
  80. Where do you get your DNA?
    Mom and Dad
  81. Which cell organelle contains your DNA?
    Nucleus
  82. What is a mutation?
    Change in DNA
  83. Where did you get both DNA and RNA?
    Mom
  84. What cell organelle contains the cell?
    Cell (Plasma) Membrane
  85. What does semipermiable (selective permeability) mean?
    That it only lets some thing's through
  86. Which cell organelle’s semipermeability (selective permeability) is important in our discussion of the cell’s functioning.
    Cell Membrane
  87. What chemical does the cell use for energy?
    ATP
  88. Which cell organelle synthesizes the chemical the cell uses for energy?
    Mitochondria
  89. Which U.S. organization monitors diseases around the world?
    Center for Disease Controle (CDC)
  90. Which international organization monitors health issues around the world?
    World Health Organization (WHO)
  91. What do doctors call a disease that kills everybody it infects?
    Slate Wipers
  92. What do you call an organism (such as chimps or humans) that can carry a disease such as Ebola?
    Host's
  93. The most prevalent bacterial infection currently on earth is _____.
    Gonorhea
  94. Who touches who and for how long varies between _____ and _____.
    Generation and Culture
  95. Therapeutic touch is called _____.
    Massage
  96. Premature babies gain 47% more weight if they receive _____.
    Massage
  97. _____ is necessary for physical and psychological well being.
    Touch
  98. The _____ depraved monkey became neurotic, asocial, depressed, and confused.
    Touch
  99. _____ can cause airways to relax and relieve asthma, lower blood pressure, decrease pulse, and help lower stress.
    Massage
  100. The _____ are the most sensitive part of the body to touch.
    Lips

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