behaviors test

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behaviors test
2013-10-14 12:13:46
behaviors test

behaviors test
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  1. Until the late 1970s and early 80s, health
    educators and programmers focused primarily what
    knowledge, attitude, motivations of individual
  2. The ecological model assumes that individuals’
    behaviors is influenced by 5 factors, know those factors
    individual, social, socioeconomic and structural, political, environmental
  3. The individual factors of the ecological model include
    awareness and knowledge, biophysical, personal attitudes and motivations, developmental stage, behavior/habits socialization
  4. You have just been hired to reduce the childhood obesity problem in the Valley school district. 
    How might you apply the factors of the ecological model to address the
    above issue?
    i would assess the factors and environments that influence the children to not eat unhealthy and then find ways to create new factors and better their environments that influence the children eat better
  5. Theories are tools that explain _____________
  6. behaviorist psychology
    behavior is said to be learned or conditioned through the action of stimulus-response mechanisms.
  7. cognitive psychology
    focuses on the thinking process itself as the source of behaviors
  8. humanistic psychology
    philosophical tradition that emphasizes individual agency, the capacity of people to make choices and determine their future
  9. social psychology
    concerned about how individuals and their mental processes interact with their social surroundings
  10. cultural anthropology
    • addresses both global and domestic themes.
    • interested more in the role of culture in human behavior,in the ways in which life patterns are organized
  11. Of all the fields of study which has the biggest
    influences on the health behavior theories:
  12. The Health Belief Model is known as the
    value expectancy theory
  13. Know the key constructs of the Health Belief Model
    • perceived susceptibility= are you at risk for a health problem
    • perceived severity= believe that the consequences of the health problems are severe 
    • perceived benefit= possible positive outcomes from behaviors change 
    • perceived barriers= the possible negative outcomes from doing behavior change 
    • cue to action= external event that motivates you to make the behaviors change happen 
    • self-efficacy= do you believe in yourself and that you can do it
  14. Critique(s) of the Health Belief Model
    focuses on individual decisions not social or environmental decisions
  15. Know the constructs of the Theory of Reasoned
    attitude toward behavior, subjective norm= influence behavior intentions that influence behavior
  16. Know the constructs of the Theory of Planned
    control, beliefs, perceived power
  17. Know the Transtheoretical Model(AKA Stages of Change)
    • percomtemplation= unaware of issue
    • comtemplation=deciding about acting
    • preparation=deciding to/not to act
    • action= acting 
    • maintance= maintainng 
    • termination= no more need to maintain it is apart of a daily habit
  18. Name on the major critiques of the
    Transtheoretical Model(AKA Stages of Change).
    some do not believe in termination, not everyone moves from stage to stage some people move in a circular motion
  19. Know the PAPM model know the stages
    • unaware of issue
    • unengaged by issue
    • deciding about acting 
    • deciding not to act 
    • deciding to act 
    • acting 
    • maintenance
  20. What are the most difficult stages
    stages 1 or 4 (unaware of issue or deciding not to act)