test 3

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Author:
gchancellor
ID:
240635
Filename:
test 3
Updated:
2013-10-15 00:20:06
Tags:
n176
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Description:
endocrine, neuro
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  1. anterior pituitary releases:
    • growth hormone (GH)
    • thyrotropic hormone (thyroid stimulating hormone) (TSH)
    • gonadrotropic hormones - leutinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)
  2. growth hormone (GH)
    gland
    action
    • gland: anterior pituitary
    • stimulates growth of body tissues and bones
  3. thyrotropic hormone
    gland
    action
    • anterior pituitary
    • stimulates thyroid gland
  4. gonadrotropic hormones - LH and FSH
    gland
    action
    • anterior pituitary
    • affect growth, maturity, and functioning of primary and secondary sex organs
  5. adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    gland
    action
    • anterior pituitary
    • stimulates steroid production by the adrenal cortex
  6. melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)
    gland
    action
    • anterior pituitary
    • may stimulate adrenal cortex, may affect pigmentation
  7. posterior pituitary releases:
    • antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • oxytocin
  8. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    gland
    action
    • posterior pituitary
    • promotes reabsorption of water decreasing urine output; responsible for vasoconstriciton
    • salt and water reabsorption
  9. thyroid releases:
    • T4
    • T3
    • calcitonin
  10. T4
    gland
    action
    • thyroid
    • converts to T3
  11. T3
    gland
    action
    • thyroid
    • regulates metabolic activity of all cells and processes of cell growth and tissue differentiation
  12. calcitonin
    gland
    action
    • thyroid
    • regulates calcium and phosphorus levels
    • decreases serum Ca by preventing demineralization of the bones
  13. parathyroid releases:
    parathormone (PTH)
  14. parathormone (PSH)
    gland
    action
    • parathyroid
    • regulates calcium and phosphorus levels
    • increases serum Ca by promoting bone demineralization and increasing intestinal absorption of Ca and excreting phosphorus in the urine
  15. adrenal cortex releases:
    • glucocorticoids (cortisol)
    • mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)
    • androgens
  16. glucocorticoids (cortisol)
    gland
    action
    • adrenal cortex
    • stress response
    • anti-inflammatory response
    • promotes carb, protein, and fat catabolism; increases tissue responsiveness to other hormones
  17. mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)
    gland
    action
    • adrenal cortex
    • increase sodium retention and potassium excretion
    • increases fluid volume, CO and BP
  18. adrenal medulla releases:
    • epinephrine
    • norepinephrine
  19. epinephrine and norepinephrine
    gland
    action
    • adrenal medulla
    • response to stress
    • elevates BP, HR
  20. propylthiouracil (PTU)
    use
    action
    teaching
    • treatment of hyperthyroid
    • impairs TH synthesis by blocking conversion of T4 to T3
    • given with iodine therapy
    • takes 1-2 weeks to see any affect and 4-8 weeks to see full effect
  21. methmizole (Tapazole)
    use
    action
    teaching
    • treatment of hyperthyroid
    • blocks action of TH on the body
    • used short term until the other meds have kicked in to manage TH levels
  22. saturated solution of potassium iodide (SSKI)
    use
    action
    teaching
    • treatment of hyperthyroid
    • prevents the release of TH into the circulation
    • given with PTU prior to surgery to remove thyroid gland
    • used only temporarily - stores TH in the thyroid gland, after 10-14 days, it starts to leak out and increase hyperthyroid sxs
  23. radioactive iodine
    use
    action
    teaching
    • treatment of hyperthyroid
    • destroys thyroid tissue
    • max effect in 2-3 months
    • dose can be picked up in airport
    • drink fluids
    • no pregnancy
  24. levothyroxine (synthroid)
    use
    action
    teaching
    • treatment of hypothyroid
    • replacement of T4
    • watch for s/s hyperthyroid
  25. liothyronine sodium (Cytomel)
    use
    action
    teaching
    • treatment of hypothyroid
    • replacement of T3
    • watch for s/s hyperthyroid

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