AP1 CH 3, 4, & 5 REVIEW

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lauratwinoaks
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240673
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AP1 CH 3, 4, & 5 REVIEW
Updated:
2013-11-18 22:00:02
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AP1
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AP1 CH 3, 4, & 5
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  1. BASIC FUNCTION OF CELL MEMBRANE
    COMMUNICATION WITH OTHER CELLS
  2. WHAT IS THE CELL MEMBRANE ALSO REFERRED TO
    PLASMA MEMBRANE
  3. DIFFUSION
    MOVEMENT OF SOLUTES
  4. OSMOSIS
    MOVEMENT OF WATER
  5. ACTIVE TRANSPORT
    • REQUIRES ENERGY TO MOVE UPHILL
    • (TRANSPORT SUBSTANCES AGAINST THEIR CONCENTRATION GRADIENTS)
  6. SIMPLE DIFFUSION
    MOLECULES ARE UNASSISTED MOVING THROUGH MEMBRANES
  7. FACILITATED DIFFUSION
    REQUIRES PROTEINS TO PASS THROUGH MEMBRANE
  8. WHAT HAPPENS TO A CELL IN ISOTONIC SOLUTION
    RBC IS SAME, NORMAL SHAPE
  9. WHAT HAPPENS TO CELL IN HYPOTONIC SOLUTION?
    TOO MUCH SALT IN CELL ADDS WATER TO CELL, RBC BURST
  10. WHAT HAPPENS TO A CELL IN HYPERTONIC SOLUTION
    SUCKS WATER OUT OF CELL (TOO MUCH SALT IN WATER)  RBC SHRINKS
  11. FUNCTION OF RIBOSOMES
    PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
  12. FUNCTION OF NUCLEUS
    • CONTROL CENTER OF CELL 
    • CONTAINS OUR GENES
  13. FUNCTION OF ROUGH ER
    BOUND RIBOSOMES TO PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
  14. FUNCTIONS OF SMOOTH ER
    ENZYMES INTO LIPID SYNTHESIS
  15. FUNCTION OF GOLGLI
    SORT PROTEINS AND REPACKAGE THEM
  16. MITOCHONDRIA
    • POWERPLANT
    • LARGE AMOUNTS OF ATP PRODUCED CALLED CELLULAR RESPIRATION SELF REPLICATE
  17. FUNCTIONS OF LYSOSOME
    DIGESTIVE ENZYMES TO BREAK DOWN (RECYCLING)
  18. HOW MANY PAIRS OF CHROMOSOMES DO MOST HUMAN CELLS HAVE
    • 23
    • 22+X OR Y
  19. TRANSCRIPTIONS
    TRANSFERS GENETIC INFORMATION FROM DNA INTO COPIES
  20. TRANSLATION
    PROTEIN SYNTHESIS: FROM AMINO ACIDS TO PROTEIN  DICTATED BY GENES WHAT TO MAKE
  21. MRNA
    MESSENGER
  22. RRNA
    RIBOSOMAL
  23. TRNA
    TRANSFER RNA
  24. FOUR COMPONENTS OF CELL CYCLE
    • G- GROWTH
    • S PHASE - DNA REPLICATED
    • G2 - GROWTH
    • MITOTIC - MITOSIS
  25. 4 STAGES OF MITOSIS
    • PROPHASE
    • METAPHASE
    • ANAPHASE
    • TELOPHASE
  26. FOUR MAJOR TISSUE TYPES AND EXAMPLE
    EPITHELIAL - PARTS OF THE SKIN

    CONNECTIVE - LIGAMENTS, TENDONS, FAT, BLOOD, BONE

    MUSCLE - MUSCLE

    NERVOUS - NERVOUS
  27. HOW ARE EPITHELIAL CELLS DESCRIBED STRUCTURALLY?
    CLOSE AND TIGHTLY PACKED
  28. ENDOCRINE GLANDS
    SECRETIONS WITHIN (HOMEOSTASIS)
  29. EXOCRINE GLANDS
    SECRETIONS OUTSIDE (SWEAT)
  30. NAME AT LEAST 3 EXAMPLES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUES
    • LIGAMENTS
    • TENDONS
    • FAT
    • BLOOD
    • BONE
  31. MUCOUS MEMBRANES
    OPENS TO EXTERIOR
  32. SEROUS
    LINES ORGAN THAT LIE WITHIN THE CAVITY
  33. CUTANEOUS
    SKIN COVERS SURFACE OF BODY
  34. THE TWO LAYERS OF SEROUS MEMBRANES
    PARIETAL LAYER - ATTACHES TO THE BODY WALL AROUND THE ORGAN

    VISCERAL LAYER - ATTACHES TO THE ORGANS THEMSELVES
  35. 3 EXAMPLES OF SEROUS MEMBRANES
    • PLEURA
    • PERICARDIUM
    • PERITONEUM
  36. TWO CELLS THAT MAKE UP NERVOUS TISSUE
    NEURONS (QTRBACK) COLLECT, SEND, RECEIVE, PROCESS INFORMATION

    NEUROGLIAL CELLS (OFFENSIVE LINE) PROTECTS THE NEURONS
  37. REPLACEMENT OF DAMAGED CELLS DEPENDS ON TWO THINGS:  CELL DIVISION AND DIFFERENTIATION.  DO ALL CELLS HAVE THE SAME ABILITY TO REPAIR?
    • NO
    • EPITHELIAL CELLS DO
    • SOME CONNECTIVE TISSUE (CARTILEDGE LESS READY)
    • MUSCLE POOR CAPACITY FOR RENEWEL
    • NERVOUS POOREST CAPACITY FOR RENEWEL
  38. GENERAL FUNCTIONS OF SKIN
    TO PROTECT
  39. GENERAL FUNCTION OF SKIN LAYERS
    • EPITHELIUM - PROTECTS AND LINES ORGANS
    • BASEMENT - 
    • CONNECTIVE TISSUE -
  40. HOW MANY LAYERS OF THE EPIDERMIS
    5 LAYERS
  41. FUNCTION OF MELANOCYTES
    PRODUCE PIGMENT - MELANIN
  42. SKIN COLOR IS A RESULT OF WHICH 3 PIGMENTS
    • MELANIN - DARKNESS
    • CAROTENE - YELLOW/ORANGE TINT
    • HEMOGLOBIN - PINK TO RED TONE
  43. 4 STAGES OF WOUND HEALING
    INFLAMMATORY PHASE - BLOOD CLOTTING, INFLAMMATORY EVENTS, SCAB FORMATION

    MIGRATORY PHASE - EPITHELIAL CELLS MIGRATE INTO WOULD BENEATH SCAB

    PROLIFERATIVE PHASE - GROWTH OF CELLS BENEATH SCAB

    MATURATION PHASE - SCAB SLOUGH OFF, SCARS MAY FORM

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