Counseling Midterm

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Author:
wyouger_27
ID:
240700
Filename:
Counseling Midterm
Updated:
2013-10-15 08:40:05
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counseling concepts
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Description:
These are main points in a counseling theory and methods class
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  1. What is counseling
  2. Why do we have theories?
  3. Common factors -->Identify & percentages account for change
    • 40%= Client Factors strength/weakness, enviornment
    • 30%= Therapist Factors build a therapeutic relationship (trust, warmth, caring)
    • 15%= Placebo if client thinks it will work for get go
    • 15%= Theories
  4. The Counselor --> Careers --> psychologist
    1. Ph.D or PsyD ( 5-7 years)

    2. possibility of prescription privileges

    3. Clinical or Counseling
  5. The Counselor --> Careers --> Licensed Professional Counselor
    1.LPC (licensed professional counselor) or           LMFT (licensed marriage family therapist)

    2. M.A., M.ED, M.S.

    3. Degree in counseling & clinical
  6. The Counselor --> Careers --> Social Worker
    1. MSW doesn't mean counseling

    2. MSW or PhD
  7. The Counselor --> Degrees--> PH.D
  8. The Counselor --> Degrees--> PsyD
  9. The Counselor --> Degrees--> Masters Counseling/Clinical
  10. The Counselor --> Degrees--> MSW / LCSW
  11. The Counselor --> settings emloyed
    • 1. psychologist --> Hospitals,
    •    universities (counseling centers or professors), VA,      in or out-patient facilities, community          mental health agencies, prisons, private        practice

    2. LPC/LMFT --> private practice, hospitals,       university counseling centers, social             services, out-patient clinics

    3. LCSW --> 2 years under supervision after     degree + national licensing exam
  12. The Counselor --> licensure process
    1. psychologist --> post-doc supervision, EPPP, oral examination

    2. LPC/ LMFT --> always under supervision until licensed
  13. Multicultural Counseling --> MC competence
  14. Multicultural Counseling --> theories (psychoanalytic, existential, or person-centered)
  15. Intake Session & Paperwork --> Informed Consent
  16. Intake Session & Paperwork --> Limits of confidentiality
  17. Intake Session & Paperwork --> Questions/ Topics covered
  18. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Freud
    originator of this therapy

    produced most comprehensive theory of personality and psychotherapy ever developed
  19. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Therapy Process/ Goals --> Length/training of therapist
  20. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Therapy Process/ Goals --> transference/ countertransference
    Transference= client's unconscious shifting the analyst of feeling and fantasies that are reactions to significant others in the clients past

    countertransference= when therapist screws up their relationship with a counselor
  21. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Therapy Process/ Goals --> free association
    say whatever comes to mind, regardless of how painful, silly, trivial, illogical, or irrelevant it may seem
  22. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Therapy Process/ Goals --> Defense mechanisms
    Helps cope with anxiety - relaxes ego

    repression, denial, reaction formation, projection, displacement, rationalization, sublimation, regression, introjection, identification, compensation
  23. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Therapy Process/ Goals --> Anxiety
    feeling of dread from repressed feelings, memories, desires

    From conflict in the Id, Ego, Superego

    • Three Kind of anxiety
    • 1. reality- danger from external world
    • 2. neurotic- instincts will take control/punish
    • 3. Moral- fear of ones own conscience
  24. Psychoanalytic Theory --> Id, Ego, & Superego
    Id= ruled by the pleasure principle (reducing tension, avoiding pain & gaining pleasure) - it is illogical, amoral. Unconscious

    Ego= ruled by the reality principle - mediates between instincts and surroundings

    Superego= related to psychological rewards and punishments - person's moral code - ideal rather than the real
  25. Psychoanalytic Theory --> psychosexual stages of development
    • 1 - Oral stage 
    • 1/3 - Anal Stage
    • 3/6 - Phallic Stage
    • 6/12 - Latency Stage
    • 12/18 - Genital Stage
    • 18/60+ - Genital Stage continues on
  26. Psychoanalytic Theory --> dream interpretation
  27. Existential therapy --> view of human nature (6 components)
  28. Existential therapy --> therapy goals
  29. person-centered therapy --> Carl Rogers
    opened the field to research
  30. person-centered therapy --> Necessary Components --> empathy, unconditional positive regard, therapeutic alliance etc.
    three therapist attributes:

    š1. Congruence: Genuineness or realness

    š2. Unconditional positive regard: Acceptance and caring

    3. šAccurate empathic understanding: The ability to deeply grasp the subjective world of another person
  31. person-centered therapy --> Necessary Components --> therapist role
    šFocuses on the quality of the therapeutic relationship.

    šDoes not find traditional assessment and diagnosis to be useful.

    šServes as a model of a human being struggling toward greater realness

    Is genuine and authentic w/o a false front

    Openly expresses feelings and attitudes

    Invested in developing themselves
  32. person-centered therapy --> Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
    • Base = Psychological food, water, sex, sleep
    • 2nd tier = Security of body, employment, family, health
    • 3rd Tier = Love friendship, family, intimacy
    • 4th Tier = Esteem confidence, achievment, respect of/ by others
    • Top = Self-actualization morality, creativity, problem solving, lack of prejudice
  33. person-centered therapy --> diagnosis --> positive aspect
    Bases to understand mental illness

    Makes communication easier

    Treatment plan 

    šValidation of experience

    šProvides information to client’s
  34. person-centered therapy --> diagnosis --> negative aspect
    • šLabeling/Stigmatizing
    •  
    • šUtilized by insurance companies for reimbursement

    šOverused & abused

    šMisdiagnosis misinform treatment wrong types of therapy and meds
  35. person-centered therapy --> Motivational Interviewing
    was originally used to hep with alcoholism.

    Now can be used to produce any kind of change
  36. person-centered therapy --> Motivational Interviewing --> stages of change
    • 1. Precontemplation Stage
    • 2. Contemplation Stage
    • 3. Preparation Stage
    • 4. Action Stage
    • 5. Maintenance

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