A molecule that can be reversibly oxidized (lose electrons) and reduced (gain electrons).
A structure of the inner membrane of a chloroplast, where the light reactions take place
A process that makes ATP; the process gets energy to make ATP by allowing protons to escape from an area of high concentration (inside the thylakoid disc space) to an area of low concentration (stroma).
A protein embedded in the thylakoid membrane that allows protons to escape into the stroma and uses that energy release to synthesize ATP.
An enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of combining CO2 with an organic molecule found in chloroplasts. (enter the abbreviated name)
A protein embedded in the thylakoid membrane that uses energy to actively transport protons into an area already highly concentrated with protons.
The name given to the process (a step of the Calvin cycle) that combines CO2 with RuBP.
A phosphate-containing three carbon sugar that is the product of the Calvin cycle. (enter the abbreviated name, capitalized)
Where do the electrons come from that are needed to continually drive photosynthetic processes?