Chapter 3 Diseases

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  1. Abrasion
    A scraping away of the skin surface by friction.
  2. anhidrosis
    Abnormal condition of no sweat.
  3. cyst
    Fluid-filled sac under the skin that can be found anyway under the skin.
  4. hyperhidrosis
    Abnormal condition of excessive sweat.
  5. lesion
    A general term for a wound, injury, or abnormally.
  6. nevus
    (Birthmark) pigmented skin blemish, birthmark, or mole.
  7. pallor
    Abnormal paleness of skin (usually from being sick).
  8. Papule
    Small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin less than 0.5 cm in diameter.
  9. petechiae
    Pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin.
  10. pruritus
    Severe itching.
  11. purpura
    Hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels. Commonly seen in older adults.
  12. purulent
    Containing pus or an infection that is producing pus.
  13. what does pus contain?
    Pus consists of dead bacteria, white blood cells, and tissue debris.
  14. pustule
    Raised spot on the skin containing pus.
  15. scleroderma
    A condition in which the skin has lost its elasticity and become hardened.
  16. seborrhea
    Oily discharge.
  17. ulcer
    Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane.
  18. urticaria
    (Hives) a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching. Usually associated with food allergy, stress, or drug reactions.
  19. Wheal
    Small, round, swollen area on skin; typically seen in allergic skin reactions such as hives and usually accompanied by urticaria.
  20. xeroderma
    Condition in which the skin is abnormally dry.
  21. abscess
    A collection of pus in the skin.
  22. acne rosacea
    Chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessels, primarily on the nose and cheeks.
  23. acne vulgaris
    Common form of acne seen in teenages.
  24. albinism
    A genetic condition in which the body is unable to make melanin. Characterized by white hair and skin and red pupils due to the lack of pigment.
  25. BCC
    Basal cell carcinoma
  26. Basal cell carcinoma
    Cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads.
  27. First degree burn
    Skin reddened
  28. Second degree burn
  29. Third degree burn
  30. Cellulitis
    A diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the connective tissue found in the skin.
  31. cicatrix
    A normal scar.
  32. decubitus ulcer
    (Bedsore or pressure sore) Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin. These appear to bedridden patients who lie in one position too long.
  33. Dermatosis
    A general term indicating the presence of an abnormal skin condition.
  34. kaposi's sarcoma
    Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients.
  35. Kaposis sarcoma
    Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs.
  36. Keloid
    Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery found mostly in African Americans.
  37. Laceration
    A torn or jagged wound; incorrectly used to describe a cut.
  38. pediculosis
    Infestation with lice.
  39. scabies
    (Mite infection) contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching; often seen in children.
  40. Squamous cell carcinoma
    Cancer of the epidermis layer of skin that may invade deeper tissue and metastasize. Often begins as a sore that does not heal.
  41. SCC
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  42. SLE
    Systemic lupus erythematosus
  43. Systemic lupus erythematosus
    (Scaly butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose) chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and mucous membranes. This is an autoimmune condition meaning  that the body's own immune system attacks normal tissue of the body.
  44. tinea capitis
    (Ringworm) Fungal skin disease of the scalp.
  45. varicella
    (Chickenpox) contagious viral skin infection.
  46. verruca
    (Warts) a benign growth caused by a virus.
  47. Vitiligo
    (Also called leukoderma) disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearance.
  48. alopecia
    (Baldness) absence or loss of hair.
  49. onychomycosis
    Abnormal condition of nail fungus.
  50. C & S
    Culture and sensitivity
  51. Culture and sensitivity
    Laboratory tests that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics.
  52. exfoliative cytology
    Scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope.
  53. fungal scrapings
    Scrapings taken with a curette or scraper, of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth.
  54. Dermatome
    Instrument for cutting the skin or thin transplants of skin.
  55. dermatoplasty
    Skin grafting; transplantation of skin.
  56. xenograft
    Skin graft from an animal of another species (usually a pig).
  57. Debridement
    Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound.
  58. I&D
    Incision and drainage
  59. Incision and drainage
    Making an incision to create an opening for the drainage of material such as pus.
  60. onychectomy
    Removal of a nail.
  61. dermabrasion
    Abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpapers. Performed to remove acne scars, tattoos, and scar tissue.
  62. rhytidectomy
    (Commonly referred to as a face lift) surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles.
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Chapter 3 Diseases
2013-10-15 19:51:02
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