SOCIO221 - CH 2 Power & Pluralist Power Elite Models, Military-Industrial Complex, World-System Theo

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SOCIO221 - CH 2 Power & Pluralist Power Elite Models, Military-Industrial Complex, World-System Theo
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SOCIO221 Chapter 2 notecards
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  1. The power elite model and the pluralist power elite model are both based on...
    C. Wright Mills concept of the power elite
  2. Power Elite Model refers to...
    based on the notion that there is a small group of very powerful people who make just about all the important decision in the USA
  3. Power elite model is based on the notion that there is...
    cohesion among one small group of people who hold top positions in the government, business, and the military (which is also known as the military-industrial complex)
  4. Power elite model is also known as...
    the single power elite model
  5. An example of the power elite model holds that there is...
    no real difference between the programs and platforms of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party and that the two have unified to control the masses in the USA.
  6. Pluralist Power Elite Model refers to...
    the notion that there are multiple groups with divergent values, interests, and goals who compete to make the important decisions in the USA
  7. Pluralist power elite model is based on the notion that there is...
    no cohesion among the people who are in competition to control the state in the USA
  8. An example of the pluralist power elite model holds that there...
    are real differences in the programs and platforms of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party and that the two have not unified to control the masses in the USA
  9. Military-Industrial Complex refers to...
    the relationship between the military that wants to purchase weapons and the corporations that produce the weapons
  10. Military-Industrial Complex
    The military and corporations benefit from a...
    large military budget and from policies favoring military solutions to international problems
  11. An example of military-industrial complex is...
    weapon systems are purchased to benefit top officials int he military and provide enormous profits to corporations like Halliburton rather than what is necessary for national security
  12. The Military-Industrial Complex was discussed by which President?
    Eisenhower
  13. What are the three World-System Theories?
    • Core Nations
    • Peripheral Nations
    • Semi-Peripheral Nations
  14. The concept of the World-System Theory comes from (1)________ __________ in the (2)____s.
    • 1. Emmanuel Wallenstein
    • 2. 1960s
  15. Core Nations refers to...
    capitalist, technologically advanced nations searching for opportunities to expand investment.
  16. Core Nations are also known as...
    "First World"
  17. Examples of countries that are core nations are...
    USA, Japan, and France
  18. Peripheral Nations refers to...
    less-developed nations that provide cheap labor, produce food, and serve as a source of raw materials
  19. Peripheral Nations are also known as...
    "Third World"
  20. Examples of countries that are peripheral nations are...
    Philippines, Nigeria, and Mexico
  21. Semiperipheral Nations refers to...
    nations that fall between core nations and peripheral nations
  22. Semiperipheral nations are less...
    dependent on core nations than are peripheral nations
  23. Semiperipheral nations sometimes act like...
    core nations
  24. Semiperiphereal Nations are also known as...
    "Second World"
  25. Second World countries are...
    • socialist countries; such as,
    • Russia, China, and Cuba.
  26. Examples of countries that are semiperipheral nations are...
    India and South Korea
  27. Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) refers to...
    grassroots citizens' organizations that have emerged to fight the intrusive and destructive policies of governments or organizations like the World Bank and IMF (International Monetary Fund)
  28. IMF stands for...
    International Monetary Fund
  29. NGOs stands for...
    Nongovernmental Organizations
  30. The success of NGOs depends upon their ability to appeal to (1)_____ numbers of people and the (2)_________ resources those people provide; their strategic use of (3)___________ and (4)__________ tactics; and effective use of the (5)_____ for public (6)_________ and (7)_____________.
    • 1. large
    • 2. financial
    • 3.legislative
    • 4. litigation
    • 5. media
    • 6. relations
    • 7. communication
  31. Examples of NGOs are...
    • A Chance for the Poor Foundation, Inc. located in the Philippines
    • Agusan for People's Health Department Foundation, Inc. located in the Philippines
  32. Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) are a way for people...
    to fight against the multi-corporations that exploit others.
  33. Worker Empowerment refers to...
    an effort to provide workers with management authority and responsibility and more control over the operation of corporations
  34. An example of worker empowerment is..
    Winco grocery store has an employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) where workers gain ownership in the company and have a stake in how it is run and the consequences of their performance
  35. Maquiladoras refers to...
    factories in northern Mexico owned by corporations from the USA that take advantage of cheap labor, weak unions, and lax environmental regulations
  36. Maquiladora assemble products and...
    export them to the USA
  37. Maquiladoras are used for...
    offshore outsourcing by companies from the USA that do not care about displaced workers in the USA
  38. An example of maquiladoras is...
    the people that were working in a poor environment and got sick that resulted in the swine flu
  39. Displaced Workers refers to...
    workers who have been thrown out of work by foreign competition
  40. Displaced Workers
    Between (1)____ and (2)____, (3)_ million workers in the USA lost their jobs as a result of foreign competition.
    • 1. 2001
    • 2. 2008
    • 3. 8
  41. An example of displaced workers is...
    Black workers and Latino workers in manufacturing have suffered the greatest losses as displaced workers when corporations refer their jobs to foreign competition.

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