Ther X Chp4

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Ther X Chp4
2013-10-16 14:49:51
Stretching Impaired Mobility

Show Answers:

  1. What is flexibility
    Ability to move a joint or series of joints easily through an unrestricted, pain free ROM.
  2. What is dynamic flexibility
    AROM dependent on muscle contraction and tissue resistance
  3. What is passive flexibility
    PROM dependent on extensibility of muscle and connective tissue
  4. What are the types of stretching?
    manual, mechanical, self-stretching, neuromuscular, muscle energy, joint mobilization, soft tissue mobilization, neural mobilization
  5. What are some indications for the use of stretching?
    • Increase flexibility & ROM
    • reduce risk of injury
    • reduce postexercise muscle soreness
    • restrict deformities due to lack of movement
    • increase muscle strength and reduce shortening of tissue
  6. What are contraindications for stretching?
    • joint limitation due to bony block
    • recent fracture or incomplete bony union
    • inflammation or infection in tissue
    • sharp acute pain w/ joint movement
    • hematoma or tissue trauma
    • hypermobility already exists
    • shortened sof tissue provides necessary joint stability
    • shortened tissue enable paralysed patient to perform special functions
  7. What is viscoelasticity?
    tissue initially resists change but will deform after sustained stretch force. mostly happens in connective tissue
  8. What is plasticity?
    tissue assumes a new and greater length after stretch is removed
  9. What are the 5 stretching techniques?
    • static
    • ballistic
    • proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
    • mechanical
    • contracture
  10. When is the Golgi tendon stimulated
    with excessive stretch or contraction
  11. What are some advantages having a patient due static stretching?
    • decrease chance of causing injury
    • eae of instruction
    • patient can perform independently
  12. What are some advantages of ballistic stretching?
    • modfied to be sport specific
    • better prepare athlete for sporting event of high velocity, ballistic and violent activity
  13. What is autogenic inhibition?
    relaxation of the affected muscle elicited through contraction (GTO)
  14. What is reciprocal inhibition
    relaxation of the affected muscle elicited through contraction of the opposite muscle (agonist muscle)
  15. What type of contraction is used during a contract-relax stretching technique?
  16. What type of contraction is used during a hold-relax stretching technique?
  17. What are the parameters for mechanical stretching?
    Light resistance for a long period of time 20-60 minutes in stretch position
  18. What are the 3 commonly used PNF stretching techniques?
    • Contract-relax
    • Hold-relax
    • Slow-reversal-hold-relax