Sociology chapter 1

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mame727
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241040
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Sociology chapter 1
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2013-10-16 16:53:56
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Sociological perspective
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  1. Durkheim

    What term is he famous for?
    Thought many of predecessor's ideas were to speculative and cage. 

    sociologists must develop methodological principles to guide their research, social facts

    Famous for first principle of sociology was "Study social facts as things"

    Organic solidarity, social cohesion that results from the various parts of a society functioning as an integrated whole.
  2. How did durkheim see the society?
    a set of independent parts, each of which could be studied sperately.
  3. What were three things that durkheim was famous for?
    • organic solidarity,
    • social constraint
    • division of labor
    • anomie
  4. cw mills
    person responsible for sociological imagination

    application of imaginative though to the asking and answering of sociological questions. someone using the sociological imagination thinks himself asway from the familiar routines of daily life.

    each of us lives in a very small orbit, and our world view is limited.
  5. sociological imagination by cw mills
    each of us lives in a very small orbit, and our world view is limited.

    thnk self away from the familiar routines of daily life.
  6. anomie by drukheim
    feeling of aimlessness or despair provoked by modern social life
  7. organic solidarity by durkheim
    social cohesion, that results from the various parts of a society funcitoning sas an integrated whole, members interacting with its parts.
  8. Mechanical solidarity by durkheim
    when society unites when they share the same activities in non developed countries
  9. Functionalist theory?
    by comte
    the notion that social events can best be explained in terms of of the functions they perform,contributions they make to societyes to the continuity of a society.
  10. Postmodernism
    • belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress. 
    • hightly pluralistc and diverse, with no "grand narrative" guiding its development.
  11. manifest and latent functions

    latent

    by merton
    a type of social activity that are known to and intended by the individuals involved in the activity

    consequences of that activity of which participants are unaware.
  12. Division of labor?

    by durkheim
    analysis of social change based on development of the division of labor

    • gradually replacing religion as the basis of social cohesion and providing organic solidarity to modern societies. 
    • more people depend on each other as division of labor expands.
  13. social constraint by durkheim
    society is far more than the sum of individual acts

    people are constrained by conditions that society influences on its members dchoices and behaviors.
  14. social structure
    by durkheim
    social organiation in where peoples interactions and relationships regulate between accepted norms and values
  15. macro and micro sociology
    • study of human behavior in the contexts of face-to-face interactions
    • study of large-scale groups, organizations, or social systems.

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