Kinesiology Chapter 20 .txt

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Kinesiology Chapter 20 .txt
2013-10-27 18:59:00
Foot ankle

Foot and ankle
Show Answers:

  1. What are the functions of the foot and ankle (5)
    • Shock absorption
    • Adapting to uneven terrain
    • BOS
    • Propulsion
    • Balance
  2. What consist of the hind foot
    • Talus and calcaneus
    • Initial ground contact
  3. What consists of the midfoot
    • Navicular
    • Cuboid
    • Cuneiform a 1-3
    • Movement from hind to forefoot
  4. What consists of the forefoot
  5. Varus and Valgum positions are used to describe what position of the foot and ankle joint
    Subtalor joint
  6. PF and DF occur at what joint
    Talocrual joint
  7. IV and EV occur at what joint for foot and ankle
    Subtalor joint
  8. Supination is a combo of what movements
    PF , IV, & ADD
  9. Pronation is combination of what movement
    DF, EV, ABD
  10. Talocrual joint consists of what
    Talus, fibula, and calcaneous
  11. Subtalor joint consists of what
    Talus and calcaneous
  12. Normal ROM for DF, PF, IV, EV
    • 20
    • 40
    • 30-35
    • 12-15
  13. What is the functional ROM for foot and ankle according to ranchomlos amigos for DF, PF
    • 0-10
    • 0-15
  14. This ligament attaches to fibula to tibia internally
    Interosseous membrane
  15. What ligament attaches to medial malleolus to talus and calcaneous
  16. What ligament limits EV
  17. What ligaments make up the lateral side of the ankle
    • ATF
    • PTF
    • Calcaneofibular
  18. This ligament attaches to calcaneous and navicular
    Spring ligament
  19. These two ligaments support the arch of the foot
    • Spring ligament
    • Long and short plantar ligaments
  20. This ligament attaches from calcaneous to base of proximal ray
    Plantar aponeurosis
  21. What is the windlass effect
    Raises arch and supinate when 1st ray is in DF
  22. The medial longitudinal arch is made up of what bones
    Calcaneus, Talus, navicular and the three cuneiforms
  23. Lateral longitudinal arch is composed of what bones
    Calcaneous, cuboid to the , 4-5 metatarsals
  24. Transverse arch runs laterally and is composed of what bones
    made up of the cuneiforms and cuboid
  25. What makes up the inferior medial malleolus think Tom, Dick ANd Harry
    • Tibialis posterior
    • Flexor Digitorum longus
    • Tibial Artery
    • Tibial Nerve
    • Flexor Hallicus longus
  26. Soleus OIAN
    • Achilles to gastrocnemius
    • Ankle PF
    • Tibial nerve
  27. A and N for Tibialis anterior
    • Deep Peroneal
    • IV , DF
  28. A and N for extensor hallicus longus
    • Deep Peroneal longus
    • Extension of 1st toe
  29. A and N for extensor digitorum longus
    • Extension of toes 2-5
    • Deep peroneal
  30. Peroneus longus and brevis do what action and innervate b what nerve
    EV superficial Peroneal nerve
  31. Peroneus tertius is innervated by what and does what
    Deep Peroneal and assists in EV
  32. In motion of gait, supination is also known as
    Heel strike
  33. In motion of gait foot flat is also known as
  34. Heel off is also known as what in terms of gait
  35. Where do we WB the most when walking or standing
    b/w 1-5 MT and calcaneous
  36. What's a jones fracture
    Avulsion/pulling fracture of the 5 MT
  37. What is the most common ankle sprain EV or IV
  38. What does a high ankle sprain involve
    Injury to the distal talofibular ligaments
  39. What is Morton's neuroma and what's a tall tell sign
    • Tumor b/w 2-3 or 3-4 MT heads
    • Daylight sign
  40. What is hallux valgus
  41. Where is the most common site of pain for plantar fasciitis
    Calcaneal tuberosity
  42. How do you know when one has true plantar fasciitis
    Initial WB pain in the AM
  43. What is tarsal tunnel
    Compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve
  44. What are shin splints
    Pulling on the periosteum