Kinesiology Chapter 19.txt

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Kinesiology Chapter 19.txt
2013-10-28 12:27:16
Knee joint

Knee joint.txt
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  1. Normal AROM for knee flexion is
  2. Functional AROM for ascending stairs and sit to motion is
    • 90-100
    • At least 90 for chair activity
  3. Valgus stress is resisted by what knee ligament
  4. Varus is resisted by what knee ligament
  5. Which meniscus is C shaped and which is O shaped
    • Medial C
    • Lateral O
  6. How many bursa sacks are located around or in the knee joint
    About 13
  7. Please name origin and insertion for Rectus femoris
    ASIS to tibial tuberosity
  8. Please name orgin and insertion for vastus lateralis
    Linea aspera to tibial tuberosity
  9. Please name orgin and insertion for Vastus medialis
    Linea aspera to tibial tuberosity
  10. Please name orgin and insertion for vastus intermedials
    Anterior femur and tibial tuberosity
  11. These group of muscles perform knee flexion, hip extension, and resist anterior translation of the tibia
  12. Define screw home mechanism and Identify the muscle involved
    • Full knee ext with ER
    • Popliteus initiates knee flexion from full extension
  13. Short head of biceps femoris is innervated by what nerve
    Common Peroneal nerve
  14. OIAN for gastrocnemius
    • Posterior med/lat condyle to calcaneus
    • Tibial nerve
    • Knee flex and plantar flexion
  15. Please briefly define ligament sprains grades 1-3.
    • 1: no laxity
    • 2: possible laxity
    • 3: full tear
  16. Please list what is important in ACL reconstruction and what one shouldn't perform
    • Focus on extension PROM
    • Focus in hamstring strength

    Avoid end range knee extension in open chain
  17. What is genu recurvatum
    Knee hyper extension (>5*)
  18. Define genu Valgum. What pathology is it associated with and please elaborate.
    • Tibia is lateral from the midline
    • RA. because of inflammation
  19. Define genu Varus and what pathology is it associated with
    Tibia is more medial from the midline and associated with OA
  20. Define lateral tibial torsion and what motion is it associated with
    Out-toeing. Supination
  21. Define medial tibial torsion and associated with what movement
    In toeing. Pronation
  22. Common ROM goal for TKA
    Achieve full extension
  23. What is prepatellar bursitis.
    • Housemaid knee
    • Inflammation of the prepatellar bursa
  24. What's a bakers cyst
    Fluid in popliteal fossa
  25. Patella alta?
    High riding patella
  26. Patella baja?
    Low riding patella
  27. Patellae squinting?
    Patellae move medially
  28. Frog eyes Patellae?
    Patellae move laterally
  29. Degeneration of undersurface of the patella. Usually associated with VMO weakness is known as what pathology of the patella femoral joint
    Chondromalacia patella.