Kinesiology Terms.txt

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Losdigity72
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241114
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Kinesiology Terms.txt
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2013-10-24 00:43:05
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Terms Kinesiology
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Terms for Kinesiology.txt
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  1. Sagittal axis runs through what
    Front to back
  2. Frontal axis runs through what
    Side to side
  3. Vertical axis runs through what
    Top to bottom
  4. Ex of a short bone
    Carpals
  5. Ex of a long bone
    Humerus
  6. Ex of a flat bone
    Scapula
  7. Ex of a irregular bone
    Vertebrae
  8. Ex of a sesamoid bone
    Patella
  9. Kinesiology
    The study of movement
  10. Biomechanics
    Properties relate to human body
  11. Kinetics
    Force causing movement
  12. Kinematics
    Motion w/o force
  13. Linear motion is also known as
    Translatory motion. The motion in space along a line
  14. Rectilinear motion
    Involves trajectory of the path as straight
  15. Curvilinear motion
    Involves trajectory of the path as curved
  16. Angular motion
    Rotary motion , movement around a fixed point
  17. Purpose of joints (4)
    • Allow motion
    • Bear weight
    • Provide stability
    • Nourishment
  18. Types of joint and ex
    • Synarthrosis, sutures of skull, fibrous
    • Syndesmosis, fibrous, radioulnar
    • Gomphosis, fibrous, teeth
    • Amphiarthrosis, cartilaginous, intervertebral disks
  19. Ex of nonaxial synovial joint
    Intercarpals
  20. Uniaxial ex
    Humeroulnar
  21. Biaxial ex
    MCP
  22. Triaxial ex
    Glenohumeral
  23. What are the 6 degrees of freedom
    • 3 osteokinematic movement
    • 3 arthrokinematic movement
  24. What is osteokinematic movement
    Movement of bones around joint axis
  25. What is arthrokinematic movement
    Movement with in joint surface
  26. What are the types of abnormal end feel
    • Bony- hard end feel
    • Boggy-wet sponge feel. Edema present
    • Muscle spasm- typically a protective response
    • Empty- ROM limited due to pain
    • Springy block- rebound movement felt at end range, torn cartilage
  27. What are normal end feels
    • Bony
    • Soft tissue approximation
    • Soft tissue stretch or firm
  28. What is component movement
    Motion that accompanies active movement but not under voluntary control. Joint movement
  29. What is joint play
    Passive movement between joint surfaces with external force applied
  30. What is joint mobs
    Passive oscillatory motion by applying an external force
  31. What is joint manipulation
    Passive movement invoking thrust beyond joint end range
  32. What is an ovoid joint
    Joint surfaces combining to form a concave convex relationship
  33. What's an open packed position
    Joint is least congruent has the most laxity
  34. What's a closed packed position
    Where joint surface is most congruent
  35. What are the types of accessory motion forces. Think BRATS
    • Bending
    • Approximation aka compression
    • Traction
    • Rotary aka twisting
    • Shear gilde motion
  36. Why do we use peripheral joint mobs. Name at least 6
    • Decrease pain
    • Hypomobility
    • Break adhesion
    • Movement of synovial fluid
    • Gate control
    • Decrease compression forces
  37. What are the precautions for joint mobs
    • Joint effusion
    • Inflammation
    • Fracture
    • Elderly
    • Bone disease
  38. What are contraindications for joint mobs
    • Hyper mobility
    • Malignancy
    • Joint replacement
    • Joint fusion
  39. What is a capsular pattern
    Limitation of osteokinematic movement due to inert tissue structure
  40. What some capsular pattern characteristics
    • Inert structure is at fault
    • Active and passive motion is painful
    • Pain is at end range
    • Resisted movements are usually least painful
  41. Capsular pattern for shoulder
    ER>ABD>IR
  42. Capsular pattern for elbow
    Flex>ext
  43. Capsular pattern for wrist
    All motions equal loss
  44. Knee capsular pattern
    Flex>ext
  45. Ankle capsular pattern
    PF>DF
  46. Cyriax(hip) capsular pattern
    Flex>IR>ABD>ext>ER
  47. Katelborn(hip) capsular pattern
    IR>ext>ABD>flex>ER
  48. Which muscle attachment is more stable orgin or insertion.
    Orgin
  49. Types of muscle fibers and examples
    • Strap-sartorius
    • Fusiform-biceps, brachioradials
    • Rhomboidal-rhomboid, glut max
    • Triangular-pectoral is major
    • Unipennate-hamstrings
    • Bipennate-
    • Multipennate-deltoid
  50. What are the 5 muscle properties
    • Normal resting length
    • Irritability-respond to neural stimulus
    • Contractility
    • Extensibility
    • Elasticity
  51. What is the agonist
    Prime mover
  52. What is the antagonist
    Muscle with opposite action of agonist
  53. What's a co-contraction
    Agonist and antagonist contracting
  54. What is a synergist
    Enhances the motion
  55. what is an assistant mover(synergist)
    Aids the prime mover
  56. What is a synergist stabilizer or fixator and example
    • Muscles that support the agonist
    • Ex. Abdominal muscle while ambulating
  57. What is a synergist neutralizer
    • Controls undesired actions produced by other muscles
    • Ex. Wrist extensors eliminate wrist flex ion during grasps
  58. What is passive tension
    Stretching increases tension
  59. What is Active tension
    Contraction of fibers
  60. What is tone
    Amount of tension present in muscle at all times
  61. What is excursion
    Distance from max elongation to max shortening
  62. What is AROM
    Movement or contraction performed by the user
  63. What is AAROM
    ROM done by user and external force
  64. What is PROM
    ROM done by an external force
  65. Define resistive
    Force resisting ROM
  66. What are the types of muscle contractions and define them
    • Isotonic concentric and eccentric movement
    • Isometric muscle contraction without changing the length of the muscle
    • Isokinetic accommodating resistance
  67. Define insufficiency and types of it
    • Where muscle can no longer shorten or lengthen
    • Active insufficiency- agonist can no longer shorten the muscle
    • Passive insufficiency- agonist can not be elongated without damage
  68. Define tenodesis
    Ultilization of passive insufficiency
  69. What the difference between closed kinetic chain and open kinetic chain.
    • Distal segment fixed WB. Closed
    • Distal segment moves nonWB. OPEN

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