common bacterial and a couple of protozoal agents.txt

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Author:
Corissa.Stovall
ID:
241245
Filename:
common bacterial and a couple of protozoal agents.txt
Updated:
2013-10-17 16:33:43
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pharm test
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pharm test 2
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  1. DOC for C-diff (gram +)
    metronidazole

    or vancomycin oral
  2. Corynbacterium diphtheria (gram +)

    Prevention
    TX
    Dtap vaccine

    tx= macrolide or PCN and antitoxin
  3. Listeria monocytgenes Tx (GRAM +)
    penicillin derivative plus aminoglycoside or sulfa
  4. MRSA (gram +) has altered pcn binding sites so you have to use ____ to tx which is the definitive tx for MRSA
    Don't use beta-lactam except ceftaroline

    • Dicloxacillin is definitive tx
  5. Where can streptococci (gram +) infection occur?
    skin, genitourinary, and upper respiratory infections
  6. First line tx for streptococci (gram+)
    PCN derivatives are usually first line tx
  7. Strep pharyngitis, and syphillis tx with?
    Penicillin V or G
  8. Strep pharyngitis, AOM, and Listeria tx
    Amoxicillin
  9. Adverse effect of amoxicillin
    rash with mononucleosis
  10. Cephalosporins are LAME (much like pcn or amoxicillin but LAME)

    Are they safe in pregnancy
    • Listeria
    • atypicals (mycoplasma/chlamydia)
    • MRSA
    • Enterococcus

    Yes safe in pregnancy
  11. PCN safe in pregnancy?
    YEs
  12. DOC for cellulitis, surgical prophylaxis, and uncomplicated cystitis
    • Keflex
    • (1st generation cephalosporin)
  13. 2nd generation cephalosporin
    Cefuroxime (Ceftin)
  14. DOC for gram negative upper resp tract infection
    Ceftin (2nd generation cephalosporin)
  15. 3rd line cephalosporin
    • ceftriaxone (rocephin)
    • cefdinir (omnicef)
  16. DOC community acquired pneumonia, gonorrhea, and especially in adult meningitis
    • Rocephin
    • omnicef  

    (both 3rd line cephalosporins)
  17. Vancomycin treats
    gram positive only

    • HA MRSA
    • C-diff (ORAL DOSE ONLY)

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