Tech: Hematologic Emergencies (Part 1)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
241283
Filename:
Tech: Hematologic Emergencies (Part 1)
Updated:
2013-10-17 20:12:15
Tags:
vti
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Description:
vti Mr. R's review
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  1. What are the 2 general types of emergencies?
    • anemia
    • thrombocytopenia
  2. tx for anemia:TPW
    • transfusions
    • pRBC's
    • whole blood
  3. What does anemia mean?
    low RBC's
  4. What does thrombocytopenia mean?
    low platelets
  5. What are some causes of acute anemia?BTP
    • bleeding
    • IMHA
    • bone marrow dz
  6. What are some causes of bleeding?TP
    • trauma
    • platelet disorders
  7. What can cause platelet disorders?VLT
    • von willebrands dz
    • liver dz
    • toxins
  8. Causes of IMHA:IDZT
    • idiopathic
    • drugs
    • zinc toxicity-pennies
    • tick borne dz
  9. What drugs can cause IMHA?AVHN
    • abx
    • vax
    • heparin
    • NSAIDS
  10. What are some common causes of acute thrombocytopenia?TIDN
    • toxins
    • IMT
    • DIC
    • neoplasia
  11. What toxin can cause acute thrombocytopenia?
    rodenticide
  12. What does IMT stand for?immune mediated disease
  13. What are some important factors to evaluate with a bleeding patient?PCCCAB
    • PE
    • CBC with blood smear
    • clotting tests
    • chem panel
    • agglutination test
    • bone marrow aspirate
  14. What are some common PE findings?TTPWE
    • tachycardia
    • tachypnea
    • pale mm
    • weak
    • +/- evidence of primary dz
  15. How do you estimate Hb from PCV?
    1/3 of PCV
  16. How do you estimate RBC count from PCV?
    1/6 of PCV
  17. MCV is cell size how do you calculate it?
    PCV/RBC count x 10 (fl)
  18. MCH is the Hg weight. How is it calculated?
    Hb/RBC count x 10 (pg)
  19. MCHC is Hb concentration. How is it calculated?
    Hb/PCV x 100 (%)

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