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English Civil War- 1642
- Charles 1 and parliament split due to the King’s want for more power, more taxes levied, and interference in the churches. Became close with Catholics Christians, and barely supported the Protestants, though he was a protestant which reduced public’s trust. BELIEVED IN DIVINE RIGHTS OF KINGS. Believed the country needed monarchy for order.
- -Dismissed parliament when they wouldn’t agree or give him more money.
- - Church of England/Catholic nobility vs. Puritans
The Glorious Revolution – 1688
- - Over throw James II
- - Power of King decreased and power of representative assembly increased
The Great Awakening - 1740
- Made Christianity intensely personal to the average person by fostering a deep sense of spiritual conviction and redemption, and by encouraging introspection and a commitment to a new standard of personal morality
- - Focused on people who were already church members. It changed their rituals, their piety and their self-awareness
- puissant sermon, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,” declared that if they hadn’t opened their eyes in becoming a catholic they would die a sinful death.
- - Slaves, Indians, women, now considered to have souls
- influenced by Edwards, attracted thousands with his promise of salvation. Edwards and Whitefield mainly pulled the groups of lower and middle class, while the rich folks preferred the traditional religious beliefs.
- - People affected by the revival began to study the Bible at home. This effectively de centralized the means of informing the public on religious matters
- - Made Christianity intensely personal to the average person by fostering a deep sense of spiritual conviction and redemption, and by encouraging introspection and a commitment to a new standard of personal morality
- - Colony exists to be exploited by the "mother country".
- - "Mother Country" made the furnished goods, colonies provided the raw goods/materials.
- - All goods from the colony only in English ships.
- - Products have to ship to England before anywhere else.
- - Slave that was taught reading
- - Wrote poetry
- - Was able to by own freedom
Enlightenment 1650 - 1800
- - Idea of significant individual
- - Nature, Society, Government
- - Copernicus, Newton
- - There are scientific laws that govern nature, nature can now be predictable, make a person better.
- - "CIVIL BODIES"
- - We give/take in government for protection.
- - "Societal Agreement"
- - "Tabula Rasa" - HUMANS BORN BLANK STATE, SOCIETY RESPONSIBLE OR THE ENVIORMENT IT CREATES.
- - "Laissez Faire" - to let do
- - Government shouldn't regulate economy, supply/demand should dictate economy.
- - WILL REGULATE SELF
- 3 types of gov't
- - Despot - Dictator
- - Monarchy
- - Democracy
- - Despot and Democracy are the same.
- - Majority likely to oppress.
- - Best is Monarchy
- - Ideal gov't should has checks & balances between parliament and the King.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
- - "Noble Savage"
- - Society corrupts
- - Further from civilization, closer to human nature
- - Women are "innocent" like children, keep away from corruption by power roles.
- - GOV'T'S JOB TO PROTECT PEOPLE'S NATURAL RIGHTS.
- - IF NOT, PEOPLE SHOULD FIGHT BACK
- - Organized religion undermines society
- - Gov't will succeed if away from religion
- - Writes Encyclopedia with all ideas, writers, etc. of the Enlightenment
- - Democratizes information
- - More access to these ideas.
Seven Years War - 1756–1763
- - French and British protect their lands.
- - French retreat, opening up land.
Proclamation Line of 1763
- - Colonials east of the Appalachians
- - British evacuate poors to the west
Sugar Act - 1764
- - British poor after SEVEN YEAR WAR, force taxes on colony
- - Colonials boycott sugar
Stamp Act - 1765
- - Tax on all printed documents
- - Colonists want equal relationship with Britain
- - Colonists want representation if they will be taxed.
- - If the Monarch is constitutional, colony should be able to veto.
- - Boycotts cost British $5 million
- British have right to tax whenever, on whatever they want.
- - Shuts down major local gov't
- - Reanacts taxes on luxury items and tea.
- - Gives monopoly to East India Co.
- - Offload tea for poor parliament who are invested.
- - THE BOSTON TEA PARTY.
- - Quartering
- - Increased tensions
- - Boston Massacre
- - Hate against the King.