I like cheese pizza. Also ham.

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Dremme
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241340
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I like cheese pizza. Also ham.
Updated:
2013-10-18 14:35:35
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you better study this shit.
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  1. The negatively charged part of an atom
    electron
  2. The formal name for the actual image produced in radiology
    radiograph
  3. a minute portion of matter
    particle
  4. describes the flow of particles of energy resulting from an acceleration of an electric charge
    waves
  5. electromagnetic radiation used to produce radiographs
    xrays
  6. an invisible image on the xray film after it is exposed to ionizing radiation before processing
    latent images
  7. determines quality of the radiograph
    kilovoltage
  8. determines quantity of a radiograph
    milaamperage
  9. responsible for density in a radiograph
    mAs
  10. the positively charged end of the xray tube
    anode
  11. the negatively charged end of the xray tube
    cathode
  12. the degree of darkening of exposed and processed radiographic film
    density
  13. the difference in density between 2 areas on a radiograph
    contrast
  14. a form of distortion that magnifies size
    magnification
  15. two types of anodes
    rotating and stationary
  16. the type of proportionality demonstrated by the inverse square law
    indirect proportionality
  17. the degree of darkening of exposed and processed radiographic film
    density
  18. the difference in density between two areas on a radiograph
    contrast
  19. the type of energy that includes xrays
    electromagnetic (also mechanical, chemical, nuclear, and electrical)
  20. the unit of current
    mA
  21. the part of an xray tube that heats to a high temperature so electrons can be boiled off
    filament
  22. the part of a rotary electric motor that turns
    rotor
  23. rule used to optimize kvp and increase/decrease penetration
    15% rule
  24. sante's rule
    2 x thickness + 40 + grid factor
  25. misrepresentation of an anatomic part by size or shape
    distortion
  26. a lack of image sharpness cause by patient movement
    motion
  27. devise for measuring an anatomic area of interest
    callipers
  28. 2 examples of the use of stationary anode
    dental, portable radiographic unit, fluoroscopy
  29. x ray with ____ wavelengths have higher frequency so will penetrate furthur
    shorter
  30. a shallow depression in the cathode that houses the filament
    focusing cup
  31. the stationary part of an elecric motor or alternator
    strator
  32. the impact of having the bevel of the anode on the cathode side, which increases the intensity of radiation on that side
    the anode heel effect
  33. fluorescent sheets of plastic that convert xray radiation to visible light
    intensifying screens
  34. film stored in unsuitable conditions that looks dark with diminished contrast
    film fog
  35. The distance from the tube to the image receptor or cassette
    SID (Source-image distance) or FFD (Focal film distance)
  36. waves of energy associated with electric and magnetic fields resulting from the acceleration of an electric charge
    electromagnetic radiation
  37. when electrons inadvertently bounce beyond the focal spot, appearing as an artifact (shadow image outside actual image)
    off-focus radiation
  38. movement that reduces the visibility of details or structures on a radiograph
    blur
  39. taking more than one view/image on a cassette
    splitting the cassette
  40. the principle that ensures xrays are directed onto the object being radiographed, and sharpens the final image
    line focus principle
  41. a series of thin strips placed between the patient and cassette that decreases scatter radiation and increases contrast
    grid
  42. smallest particle of electromagnetic radiation
    photon
  43. the type of electrification most important in radiology
    induction (others are contrast and friction)
  44. this law states that the intensity of the xray beam is adversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source
    inverse square law
  45. ratio of heat to xrays
    99:1
  46. a dogs thorax measures 11 cm, and the kVp's are set at an appropriate level for a radiograph
    76 kVp
  47. a dogs thorax measures 11 cm, and the mAs is set at an appropriate level for a radiograph
    5 mA's
  48. A dogs abdomen measures 8 cm, and the kVps are set to an appropriate  level for a radiograph
    56 kVp
  49. a dogs abdomen measures 8 cm and the mAs are set at an appropriate level for a radiograph
    7.5 mAs
  50. type of radiation that results from direct exposure without protection
    primary
  51. type of radiation that is of the biggest concern to healthcare workers
    secondary or scattered (uncontrollable, unseen, mechanism, etc)
  52. one who could be exposed to radiation from man-made sources through work
    radiation worker
  53. 3 cardinal rules of safety protection
    time, distance, shielding
  54. mAs for extremity
    2.5 mAs
  55. mAs for spine/bone
    10 mAs
  56. when elctrons hit this area in the anode, xrays are formed
    target or focal point
  57. universal principal of safety that governs everything we do
    ALARA
  58. organs most susceptible to radiation
    rapidly growing/dividing cells - thyroid, reproductive organs, hematopoietic cells, GI epithelium, eye lens
  59. radiation tissue damage that occurs within the life of the individual
    somatic
  60. radiation tissue damage that results in negative impact for future generations
    genetic
  61. the amount of ionizing radiation a person might be exposed to without harm
    MPD (maximum permissible dose)
  62. 3 qualities of a good dark room
    clean, organized, light proof
  63. mAs for thorax
    5 mAs
  64. mAs for abdomen
    7.5 mAs
  65. gestation time when the fetus is most likely to be killed by radiation exposure
    1st 9 days
  66. gestation time at which fetal organ development will be most impacted
    10 days - 6 weeks
  67. when making a technique chart, the amount to decrease kVp for every cm decrease from original
    2 kVp
  68. the step in film processing where the sensitized silver halide crystals are chamged to black metallic silver
    developer
  69. the step in film processing where the unchanged crystals from the film emulsion are removed, leaving the black metallic silver
    fixer
  70. 4 advantages of digital processing
    time, image storage and transport, cost savings, and follow up rads
  71. 2 disadvantages of digital processing
    learning curve/training, equipment costs
  72. when making a technique chart, the amount to increase kVp for every cm increase from original that places kVp above 100
    4 kVp
  73. indicator on dental film that helps the operator determine direction after a film is taken
    film dot
  74. 5 steps of film processing
    developing, rinsing/stop, fixing, washing, drying
  75. a dental radiographing technique that minimizes image distortion and produces an accurate image of canine teeth
    bisecting angle technique
  76. type of radiograph unit without a collimator
    dental

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