respiratory system

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Author:
Renicheal
ID:
241389
Filename:
respiratory system
Updated:
2013-10-18 15:36:37
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chapter
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Description:
word roots and diseases (respiratory system)
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  1. nas/o
    nose
  2. rhin/o
    nose
  3. sept/o
    septum
  4. sinus/o
    sinus, cavity
  5. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  6. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  7. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  8. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  9. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  10. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  11. bronchi/o
    bronchus
  12. bronch/o
    bronchus
  13. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole
  14. alveol/o
    alveolus; air sac
  15. pleur/o
    pleura
  16. pneum/o
    air; lung
  17. pneumon/o
    air; lung
  18. pulmon/o
    lung
  19. anthrac/o
    coal, coal dust
  20. atel/o
    incomplete; imperfect
  21. coni/o
    dust
  22. cyan/o
    blue
  23. lob/o
    lobe
  24. orth/o
    straight
  25. ox/I
    oxygen (O2)
  26. ox/o
    oxygen (O2)
  27. pector/o
    chest
  28. steth/o
    chest
  29. thorac/o
    chest
  30. phren/o
    diaphragm; mind
  31. spir/o
    breathe
  32. -capnia
    carbon dioxide (CO2)
  33. -osmia
    smell
  34. -pnea
    breathing
  35. -ptysis
    spitting
  36. -thorax
    chest
  37. brady-
    slow
  38. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  39. eu-
    good, normal
  40. tachy-
    rapid
  41. acidosis
    excessive acidity of body fluid
  42. anosmia
    absence of smell
  43. apnea
    temporary loss of breathing
  44. asphyxia
    condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
  45. atelectasis
    collapsed or airless state of lung
  46. cheyne- stokes respiration
    repeated breathing pattern
  47. coryza
    acute inflammation of membranes of nose (head cold)
  48. crackle
    abnormal respiratory sound
  49. croup
    inflammation of larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs
  50. deviated nasal septum
    displacement of cartilage dividing nostrils
  51. epiglottis
    life threatening infections that occurs mostly children age 2-12
  52. epistaxis
    nasal hemorrhage (nose bleed)
  53. hypoxemia
    oxygen deficiency in arterial blood
  54. hypoxia
    oxygen deficiency in body tissue
  55. pertussis
    cough with "whoop" sound (whooping cough)
  56. pleurisy
    inflammation of pleural membrane, with stabbing pain intensified by coughing or deep breathing
  57. pulmonary edema
    accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli - caused by heart failure
  58. pulmonary embolism
    blockage in artery of lungs caused by mass of undissolved matter
  59. rhonchus
    abnormal breathing sound
  60. stridor
    high pitched breath sound caused by spasm or swelling of larynx
  61. sudden infant death syndrome
    unexpected death of healthy infant under age of 12 months (crib death)
  62. wheeze
    whistling or sighing sound resulted from narrowing of lumen
  63. aerosol therapy
    mist form directly to lungs or air passages
  64. antral lavage
    washing or irrigating of paranasal sinuses
  65. oximetry
    monitors percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen
  66. polysomnography
    test of sleep cycles and stages
  67. postural drainage
    positioning patient so gravity drains secretions
  68. pulmonary function tests
    tests used to evaluate respiratory function
  69. spirometry
    measures breathing capacity of lungs
  70. endotracheal intubation
    plastic tube inserted into trachea to maintain open airway
  71. pleurectomy
    excision of part of pleura
  72. pneumectomy
    excision of lung or portion of lung
  73. septoplasty
    surgical repair of deviated nasal septum
  74. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture and drainage of pleural cavity
  75. tracheostomy
    mouthlike opening in neck where breathing tube may be inserted
  76. arterial blood gas (ABG)
    measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood
  77. sweat test
    measures amount of salt
  78. throat culture
    identifies pathogens
  79. antibiotics
    destroy or inhibit growth of bacteria
  80. antitussives
    relieve or suppress coughing
  81. bronchodilators
    stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, expands airways
  82. corticosteroids
    blocks substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions
  83. decongestants
    constrict blood vessels of nasal passages which shrinks swollen tissues
  84. expectorants
    liquefy respiration secretions
  85. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  86. IRDS
    infant respiratory distress syndrome
  87. Hb
    hemoglobin
  88. CXR
    chest xray
  89. CT
    computer tomography
  90. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  91. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  92. NMT
    nebulized mist treatment
  93. PA
    posteranterior
  94. RD
    respiratory distress
  95. RDS
    respiratory distress syndrome
  96. TB
    tuberculosis

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