Animals, Health and Society: Managing Animal Health

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Animals, Health and Society: Managing Animal Health
2013-10-19 14:31:16
Lecture Five

L:5 Managing animal health
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  1. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    • Top of pyramid: Self-actualization (self-fulfillment needs)
    • Esteem needs (psychological needs)
    • Belongingness and love needs (psychological needs)
    • Safety needs (basic needs)
    • Physiolgical needs (basic needs)
    • Bottom of pyramid
  2. Animal rights vs Animal welfare
    • Rights:
    • Using animals is morally wrong
    • We should not use animals to benefit ourselves
    • We should not invariably overrule the interests of animals with human interests
    • We should not inflict pain or death on animals
    • We should always treat animals humanely and eliminate the human made causes of animal suffering
    • Welfare:
    • Using animals is morally right
    • We can use animals to benefit ourselves
    • Our interests are always more important then the interests of animals
    • We should not cause animals "unnecessary" pain or death
    • We should treat animals as humanly as convenient to us.
  3. Food and water safety and security
    • Quality; right form, right content
    • Safety; chemical and biological
    • Availability; competition, in a recognizable form
  4. Water security is huge
    • In ecohealth
    • Water use connects to Environmental outcomes and human outcomes, which ties into Livelihood and poverty, which goes to population dynamics/growth which circles back to water use..
  5. Less water, warmer water, more disease
    • In salmon:
    • Warmer water cause salmon to burn energy faster, increase bacterial/fungal infections, salmon die enroute due to exhaustion and infection, stressed salmon reach spawning grounds, but fail to spawn
  6. Stimulation needs
    • What occupies an animals time?
    • Foraging or hunting
    • Sleeping
    • Playing
    • Breeding and courting
    • Defending territories
    • Maintaining social position
    • Solving problems
    • Which are need to meet stimulation needs?
  7. 5 Freedoms
    • Freedom from hunger and thirst
    • Freedom from discomfort
    • Freedom from pain, injury and disease
    • Freedom to express normal behavior
    • Freedom from fear and distress
  8. What is animal welfare?
    • Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal
    • Healthy
    • well nourished,
    • comfortable, safe,
    • able to express innate behavior, and is
    • not suffering from unpleasant states such as pain, fear and distress
    • Animal husbandry is the treatments that an animal receives to obtain these states
  9. What is normal behavior?
    • How far back in evolutionary or domestication history?
    • What is the influence of human culture on defining normal behavior?
    • Can normal behavior occur in an abnormal environment?
    • Recall lecture 1 and the challenge or defining normality
  10. Status needs
    • Animals "assigned"
    • Animals hierarchy
    • Ability to attract mates
    • Human "assigned"
    • We value some animals more then others (economic and charismatic)
    • We give ourselves value by how we associate with animals (dog shows, farm profit, trophy hunter)
  11. Conflicting needs
    • A social value we want to extract from animals vs the animals needs
    • -dog breeding and deformity
    • -sow cages and piglet safety and profitability
    • -cultural event (rodeo) vs animal injur
    • This is a daily vet issue
  12. The hierarchy of needs
    • Few argue with the security needs (but we apply them differently)
    • Start to speak of mental health for animals (prove it)
    • Start to assign value to animals (conflicts are common, whose value is correct, who knows what the animals wants, which animals "win")