Psych: Consciousness Chapter 5

The flashcards below were created by user LaurenCamp29 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Mental activities requiring minimal attention and having little impact on other activities
    Automatic Processes
  2. A group of techniques designed to refocus attention, block out all distractions, and produce an alternate state of consciousness
  3. Drug taking that causes emotional or physical harm to the drug user or others
    Drug Abuse
  4. Discomfort and distress, including physical pain and intense cravings after stopping the use of an addictive drug
  5. What disease is marked by sudden and irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking hours
  6. Mental activities requiring focused attention that generally interfere with other ongoing activities
    Controlled Processes
  7. Broad term describing a compulsion to use a specific drug or engage in a certain activity
  8. According to Freud, a dream's surface content, which contains dream symbols that distort and disguise the dream's true meaning.
    Manifest Content
  9. A trancelike state of heightened suggestibility, deep relaxation, and intense focus
  10. Repeated interruption of breathing during sleep because air passages to the lungs are physically blocked
    Sleep Apnea
  11. An organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
  12. Psychoactive Drugs that act on the central nervous system to suppress or slow bodily processes and reduce overall responsiveness
  13. Desire or craving to achieve the effects produced by a drug
    Psychological Dependence
  14. A mental state other than ordinary waking consciousness, found during sleep, dreaming, psychoactive drug use, hypnosis, and so on.
    Alternate States of Consciousness
  15. Hobson's theory that dreams are by products of random stimulation of brain cells
    Activation Synthesis Hypothesis
  16. The true, unconscious meaning of a dream, according to Freudian dream theory
    Latent Content
  17. Chemicals that change conscious awareness, mood, or perception.
    Psychoactive Drugs
  18. Drugs derived from opium that function as an analgesic or pain reliever. Mimics endorphins and can cause life threatening side effects
  19. Drugs that produce sensory or perceptual distortions called hallucinations
  20. Chemical (or drug) that mimics the action of a specific neurotransmitter
  21. Decreased sensitivity to a drug brought about by its continuous use. Requires larger and more frequent doses of a drug to produce a desired effect
  22. A stage of sleep marked by high-frequency brain waves, paralysis of large muscles, and dreaming
    REM Sleep
  23. Anxiety-arousing dreams generaly occurring near the end of the sleep cycle, during REM sleep
  24. Chemical (or drug) that opposes or blocks the action of neurotransmitter
  25. Abrupt awakenings from NREM sleep accompanied by intense physiological arousal and feelings of panic
    Night terrors
  26. Drugs that act on the brain and nervous system to increase their overall activity and general responsiveness
  27. Biological changes that occur on a 24-hour cycle
    Circadian rhythms
  28. Bodily processes have been so modified by repeated use of a drug that continued use is required to prevent withdrawal symptoms
    Physical Dependence
  29. Broad term describing a compulsion to use a specific drug or engage in a certain activity
  30. Persistent problems in falling asleep, staying asleep, or awakening too early
  31. REM sleep is called...
    Paradoxical Sleep
  32. Suggests that sleep serves as an important recuperative function
    Repair/Restoration Theory
  33. Suggests that sleep is a part of circadian rhythms and evolved as a means to conserve energy and protect individuals from predators
    Evolutionary/Circadian theory
  34. Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis of dreaming
    Biological View
  35. Information Processing theory of dreams
    Cognitive View
  36. Waves associated with drowsy relaxation
    Alpha Waves
  37. With regard to sleep, research suggests that this is nature's first need
    Non-REM sleep
  38. Suggests that dreams are coherent synthesis of random, spontaneous neuron activity
    Hobson and McCarley
  39. 2 central nervous system stimulants
    Amphetamine and Cocaine
  40. How many hours of sleep do you need a night?
  41. A relaxed period characterized by feelings of floating, visual images, or swift jerky movements
    Hypnagogic State
  42. Alcohol can cause a coma or death when it reaches a level equal to or greater than
  43. Deeply relaxed people with heightened suggestibility will allow a hypnotist to direct their fantasies and behavior
    Relaxation/role-playing theory
  44. About how long the typical sleep cycle is
    90 Minute Cycle
  45. Seasonal depression, one needs sunlight
    Seasonal Effective Disorder
  46. What is the problem with too much daydreaming?
    Your body is telling you you're tired and it's unhealthy
  47. How can you change consciousness?
  48. Who said that people who steal or do other dangerous activities do not have very vivid fantasies
  49. What makes us sleep?
    • Pineal Gland
    • Melatonin
  50. Darkness ...
    Increases Melatonin
  51. Light...
    Decreases melatonin
  52. Who discovered the stages of sleep?
    Armond Aserinky
  53. People with Narcolepsy lack the neurotransmitter
  54. Breathing becomes more regular and your heart rate slows, as your blood pressure decreases
    Stage 1
  55. Sleep is noted by sleep spindles (twitches) and the progression of a more relaxed and less responsive to external environment sleep.
    Stage 2
  56. Marked by slow, high-amplitude delta waves and it is very hard to wake a person
    Stage 3 and 4
  57. The DEEPEST sleep. The time when most children wet their bed and when sleep walking occurs.
    Stage 4
  58. Stages 1-4 are considered...
    Non-Rapid Movement Stages or NREM
  59. What stage can hallucinations be found?
    Stage 1
  60. Slow, high-amplitude waves, which signify deeper levels of sleep
    Delta Waves
Card Set
Psych: Consciousness Chapter 5
Show Answers