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2013-10-25 15:55:48
definations test

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  1. a congenital anomaly resulting from an absence of ganglion cells in colon; also known as congenital aganglionic megacolon
    Hirschsprung disease
  2. Appenditis
    inflammation of the appendix
  3. a pouch on the wall of the lower part of the intestine that is present at birth (congenital), that is the same tissue of the stomach or pancreas
    Meckel Diverticulum
  4. proximal segment of bowel telescope into a distal segment pulling the mesentery with it
  5. abnormal rotation of intestines around the superior mesenteric artery during embryologic development
    Malrotation Volvulus (short bowel syndrome)-
  6. a protrusion  of bowel through an abnormal opening in muscle wall
  7. a soft, skin-covered protrusion of intestine and omentum (double fold of peritoneum) through a weakness in abdominal wall at umbilicus
    Umbilical hernia
  8. Results when failure of transverse septum and pleuroperitoneal fails to develop and form diaphragm
    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  9. most common helminthes infection in the USA
  10. infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungus that occurs in the urinary tract
    Urinary tract infections
  11. Involuntary voiding by a child that bladder control is expected/ or achieved
  12. Abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder into ureters during voiding
    Vesicoureteral reflux
  13. Urethral meatus can be located anywhere along the ventral or undersurface of the penile shaft
  14. Meatal opening is located on the dorsal surface of the penis
  15. a failure of one or both testes to descend from inguinal canal into the scrotum
  16. occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in your groin muscle
    Inguinal hernia
  17. a nonspecific kidney disorder characterized by a number of signs of disease: proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and edema. It is characterized by an increase in permeability of the capillary walls of the glomerulus leading to the presence of high levels of protein passing from the blood into the urine
    Nephritic syndrome
  18. a disease process that affects primarily the glomerulus of kidney  
    Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
  19. Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
  20. sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria
  21. Inflammatory disease of the upper female genital tract
    Pelvic inflammatory disease
  22. caused by a virus, Inflammatory process of the liver that can be fatal
  23. Recurrent, incurable, viral infection characterized by painful vesicular eruption of skin and mucosa
    Herpes Simplex virus
  24. a sexually transmitted virus
    Human Papilloma virus
  25. infection caused by trichomonas vaginalis (microscope protozoan that thrives in an alkaline environment)
  26. a chronic infection caused by the spirochete pallidum
  27. a common vaginal infection, is diagnosed by its fishy odor and by the presence of “clue” on a vaginal smear
    Bacterial vaginosis
  28. also called moniliasis or “yeast infection” one of the most common vaginitis that women experience
    Vulvovaginal candidiasis
  29. Caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii  acquired by: consuming undercooked meat, insect contamination of food, contact with feces from infected cats, contact from infected materials in soil
  30. Caused by Rubella virus
  31. Virus found in saliva, urine, and other body fluids
  32. Herpes virus that is highly contagious, primary infection causes chickenpox, fever, and malaise
    Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)
  33. a member of the normal flora of the gut and female urogenital tract, colonization can be chronic or intermittent.
    Group B Streptococcus
  34. Occurs when a child is born to a mother with syphilis
    Congenital Syphilis
  35. Blood loss of greater than 500mL following vaginal delivery or (1000mL following c-section)
    Postpartum hemorrhage
  36. Relaxation of the uterus
    Uterine atony
  37. Small portion of placenta remain attached to uterus, uterine contractions prohibited, Can be a cause of late hemorrhage
    Retained placental fragments
  38. Injury to blood vessel from birth trauma
  39. Prolapse of fundus to or through cervix (uterus is inside out)
    Uterine inversion
  40. Interferes with production of fibrinogen and other blood clotting factors
    Coagulation disorders
  41. Failure of uterus to return to normal size
  42. Inflammation/infection in uterine lining, most common PP infection
  43. Precursor to infection, unable to empty bladder
    Over distention of the bladder
  44. Lower UTI
  45. Kidney infection, upper urinary tract infection
  46. Bacterial infection of the breast connective tissue, causative bacteria: S. aureus, E. Coli, Streptococcus
  47. More common in saphenous veins, preexisting varicies-increase risk 3rd/4th ppd, tenderness in portion of vein, local heat and redness, normal to low fever, palpable cord
    Superficial leg disease
  48. History of thrombosis-increases risk, edema ankle/leg, initial low grade fever to fever/chills, pain, human’s sign positive, decreased peripheral pulses, limb pale/cool
    Deep vein thrombosis
  49. Infected blood clots develop in one or several of pelvic blood vessels, Potential for abscess to form in pelvis, can travel to lung, abdominal or flank pain, fever, increased HR
    Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis
  50. Baby blues, maternal blues, mild depression interspersed with happier feelings, 50-80% women, occurs within first few days after delivery and are self limiting up to 2weeks, hormones
    Postpartum blues