Midterm Review 107.txt

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abbydeweese
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241737
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Midterm Review 107.txt
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2013-10-20 15:54:56
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human development
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midterm for an edtp 107 class.
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  1. EDTP 107: Midterm Review
  2. PowerPoint 1
    Chapter 5: Physical Development
  3. Principles of Physical Development:
    • 1. Different body parts mature at different rates
    • -Body proportions change
    • -Lymphoid system dev first; reproductive organs take longer
  4. PowerPoint 3
    Chapter 3: Family
  5. PowerPoint 4
    Chapter 12: Development of Self and Social Understanding:
  6. Sense of Self:
    • -Who am I?
    • -Self-concept: knowledge and beliefs about oneself
    • -How good am I as a person?
    • -Self-esteem-
    • -Self-worth-
    • -Purpose of Sense of Self:
    • -Understand things that happen to you
    • -Motivates certain behaviors
    • -Influences your reactions to events
    • -Helps you find a niche where you feel capable
  7. PowerPoint 5
    Chapter 15: Peers
  8. PowerPoint 6
    Chapter 9: Language Development:
  9. Basic Terms:
    • -Phonology
    • -Semantics
    • -Syntax
    • -Pragmatics
    • -Native Language
    • -Age 3-4: proficient enough to carry on conversations
  10. Developmental Trends of Semantics:
    • -Divide stream of speech into individual words
    • -Fast-mapping at about 2-3 years
    • -Comprehension precedes production (or they operate together)
    • -Receptive and expressive language
    • -Lexical words precede grammatical words (Go store!)
    • -Concrete words precede abstract words
    • -Early errors:
    • -Underextension-
    • -Overextension-
    • -Confusing words
  11. Fostering Semantic Development:
    -Talk regularly to
  12. PowerPoint 7
    Chapter 11: Attachment and Erikson
  13. Eriksons Stages of Psychosocial Development:
    • -Trust vs. mistrust (infancy)
    • -Autonomy vs. shame and doubt (toddler years)
    • -Initiative vs. guilt (preschool years)
    • -Industry vs. inferiority (elementary school years)
    • -Identity vs. role confusion (adolescence)
    • -Intimacy vs. isolation (young adulthood)
    • -Generativity vs. stagnation (middle age)
    • -Integrity vs. despair (retirement years)
  14. Contemporary Perspectives on Eriksons Theory:
    • Strengths:
    • -Focused on important issues like r-ships & identity
    • -Emphasizes important social and emotional changes that occur throughout life (development continues)
    • -Reflects synthesis of nature
  15. PowerPoint 9
    Chapter 14: Development of Morality and Interpersonal Behaviors:
  16. Kohlbergs Theory:
    • -Children construct standards for right & wrong
    • 1. Level 1: Preconventional reasoning
    • -Focus on consequences for self
    • -Stage 1: Obey to avoid punishment
    • -Stage 2: Exchange of favors
    • 2. Level 2: Conventional reasoning
    • -Internalize societys ideas of right and wrong (emphasis on rigidly obeying rules)
    • -Stage 3: Good boy/good girl; pleases or helps others
    • -Stage 4: Law and order w/o question
    • 3. Level 3:Postconventional reasoning
    • -Rules are useful but changeable
    • -Abstract principles such as liberty and justice are more important than rules
    • -Stage 5: Rules were agreed upon by people for a certain purpose & thus can be changed if needed
    • -Stage 6: Hypothetical ideal stage. Adhere to universal ethical principles from inner conscience above cultural norms/rules (e.g.
  17. PowerPoint 10
    Chapter 6: Piaget and Cognitive Development:
  18. Piagets Theory:
    -Children are active
  19. PowerPoint 11: Information Processing and Memory:
  20. Information Processing Theory:
    • -How human beings acquire
    • interpret

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