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Other names for King William's War
- War for Grand Alliance
- 9 Years War
When was King William's War?
What was the result of King William's War?
- Treaty of Ryswick:
- France loses land
- William III king of England
Other name for Queen Anne's War
War of Spanish Succession
When was Queen Anne's War?
What was the result of Queen Anne's War?
- Treaty of Utrecht:
- Britain gains Newfoundland
Another name for War of Jenkin's Ear
War of Austrian Succession
When was the War of Jenkin's Ear?
What was the result of the War of Jenkin's Ear?
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle: Britain returns Louisbourg
When was the French and Indian War?
What was the result of the French and Indian War?
- Treaty of Paris:
- Britain acquired Canada and east of Mississippi River. Gained Florida from Spain
Who were the Indian allies for the British in King William's War?
Iroquois and Mohegan
Who were the Indian allies for the French in King William's War?
Wampanoag and Narraganset
What happened with the Ohio Colony?
Fairfax family sponsored the colonization of Ohio but France argues it's their land.
Who did the Ohio Co. of Virginia send to secure the Ohio colony? What were the 3 things he did?
- George Washington
- sneak attacks France
- Builds Ft. Necessity
- fails to protect it
What were the four intercolonial congresses in order?
- Albany Congress
- Stamp Act Congress
- 1st Continental Congress
- 2nd Continental Congress
When was the Albany Congress?
What were the two things that needed to get done in the Albany Congress?
- Plan a defense against French
- Get allies
What was in the Albany Plan of Union?
- Congress for defense only
- 48 delegates chosen by colonies
- 1 pres. chosen by king
What was the 1755 Three Front Strategy?
- 1) Ft. Dusquesne - Braddock defeated
- 2) Ft. Niagra - never happened
- 3) Ft. Carrilon (Ticonderoga) - never happened
What was William Pitt's new strategy?
Colonists take New France
When was Pontiac's rebellion? Who did it involve?
1763 indians v. Brits
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
colonists stay east of Appalachian mountains
What was another name for the Revenue Act?
When was the Revenue Act? What three things did it do?
- lowers molasses tax
- if caught smuggling, larger penalty
- If caught, sent to Nova Scotia for court
When was the Stamp Act? What did it do?
- tax on all printed material
What were the 3 reactions to the Stamp Act?
- Virginia resolves
- Sons of Liberty
- Stamp Act Congress
When was the Stamp Act Congress? What were it's two goals?
- Stop violence of Sons of Liberty
- Get Stamp Act repealed
When was the Declaratory Act? What did it do?
- Parliament reserves the right to tax the colonies
When was the original Quartering Act? What did it do?
- quarters troops in public areas
When were the Townshend Acts? What did they do?
- indirect taxes on materials
What were the responses of the Townshend Acts?
Daughters of Liberty boycott
When was the Boston Massacre?
When was the Gaspee Incident? What happened?
- Commander William Duddingston, in charge of catching smugglers, his boat caught fire and sank
What did the Tea Act of 1773 do?
lowered price of tea
When was the Boston Tea Party?
When were the Coercive Acts? What did they do?
- Boston Port Act
- Massachusetts Government Act
- New Quartering Act
- Imperial Administration of Justice Act
- Quebec Act
What did the Massachusetts Government Act do?
- replaced government in MA with royal Thomas Gage
- repeals Massachusetts assembly
What did the Imperial Administration Justice Act do?
Any royal official accused of a crime is held for trial in Great Britain
When was the 1st Continental Congress? What were the goals?
- Declaration of Rights and Grievances
- Continental Association boycott
When and what was the Conciliatory Proposition?
- Great Britain will no longer tax colonies if they voluntarily pay off the war debt
Who were the Provincial Congress?
The repealed Massachusetts Assembly under John Hancock
Who rides to Lexington? Who rides to Concord?
- Revere and Dawes
- Dawes and Prescott
When was the Battle of Lexington and Concord? Who won?
- British then colonists, but overall colonists
When was the 2nd Continental Congress? What were the two goals?
- Reconcile with Britain
- Prepare for war, find a general
Why did George Washington get the job as general?
- wanted the job
- born in VA
How did the colonies get the weapons to prepare for revolution?
Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold got them at Ft. Ticonderoga
When was the Battle of Bunker Hill? Who won? How did they win?
- Kept pushing until colonists at top of hill ran out of ammo
Who led the Battle of Bunker Hill for the Colonists?
What was the American Strategy?
- 1) Take New France
- 2) Use guerilla warfare
- 3) Survive
What was the British strategy?
- 1) Stop rebellion in Massachusetts
- 2) Divide at NY
- 3) Preserve the south/use loyalists
Who helped the colonies take New France?
- Ethan Allen attempts to take Canada - taken as PoW
- Richard Montgomery takes Montreal
- Benedict Arnold attempts to take Quebec
How does Washington claim Massachusetts in 1776?
Siege of Boston: Builds up defense like they have more power than they really do
Who were Richard and William Howe?
loyalists who led the army and navy respectively against colonists
What happens at the Continental Congress of 1776?
- Richard Henry Lee announces idea of independance
- Jefferson (and sorta John Adams and Robert Livingston) put together Declaration of Independance
When was the Battle of Long Island/Brooklyn? What happened?
- Washington kept losing until Christmas break when he sneak attacked the Hessians
When was the Battle of Saratoga? What happened?
- Burgoyne and Howe plan to meet in Albany but Americans lead Burgoyne to hills and kill the troops while they hunt for turkeys
What were the results of the Battle of Saratoga?
- Gives Amerians pride
- Forces British to change strategy
- Americans get support from France
What did the Treaty of Alliance of 1778 do?
Gave colonists French and Spanish support
How did the colonists win from Savannah, Charleston, Camden, to Cowpens? When did this happen?
- British won the battles but the Sons of Liberty drove out all of the loyalists so the real victory went to the colonists
How do the British change their strategy after the Battle of Cowpens?
British realize they can't win in the mountains and focus on the East Coast
Who leads Americans in the Battle of Cowpens?
Who leads the Americans in the Battle of Saratoga?
Gates > Arnold and Morgan
When was the Battle of Yorktown? What happened?
- Washington led the troops through Cornwallis' birdnest and trap his troops with the French navy
What treaty ends the Revolutionary War?
- The Treaty of Paris 1783
- Americans get land S of Canada, E of MS, N of FL
What were the branches of the new state governments? What powers did they have? Who was allowed to vote?
- Legislative, Executive, Judicial
- Taxes and militia
- White men with religion and property
When were the Articles of Confederation written? By whom?
Under the Articles, what powers did the new government have?
- 1) Make war and peace
- 2) Right to draft treaties and alliances
- 3) Control Indian affairs
- 4) Maintain standards of coins, weights, and measures
- 5) Maintain a postal service
How would people pass the Articles?
- 1 vote per state
- You need 2/3 the votes to create new legislature
- All 13 needed to amend the Articles
How did the Land Ordinance of 1784 come about?
Maryland wouldn't amend the Articles unless VA gave up some land to the central gov. More states gave up land too
What did the Land Ordinance of 1784 state?
- We will divide the territory eventually
- The territory will be self governed somehow
What did the Land Ordinance of 1785 state?
Territory will be 5 states, self governed, no slavery
What did the SW Land Ordinance of 1790 state?
Same survey as 1785, same government as 1785, allows slavery
Name 9 problems with the Articles.
- Leadership in states
- No executive branch
- No army
- No standard currency
- Rhode Island
- 13 to amend
When was Shay's Rebellion? What happened?
- Farmers can't pay taxes in hard currency
What was the result of Shay's Rebellion?
Made people rethink the Articles
When was the Mount Vernon Congress? What did they want to/actually talk about?
- Wanted: Potomac River Co.
- Actually: Articles problems
When was the Annapolis Congress? Who headed it? Was it successful?
- James Madison
- no, only 5 states come
When was the Constitutional Convention? What was proposed?
- VA Plan
- NJ Plan
- Great Compromise
Who made the VA Plan?
James Madison and Edmund Randolph
What was in the Virginia Plan?
- Legislative Branch: Both houses by population
- Executive Branch: One president
- Judicial Branch: Courts
Who made the NJ Plan?
What was in the New Jersey Plan?
- L Branch: 1 House, 1 vote for state, equal repres.
- E Branch: 3 presidents
- J Branch: Courts
What was the 3/5th's Clause? Where was is proposed?
Every other persons will count as 3/5ths of a citizen, proposed in the NJ Plan
Who were the Federalists?
people who wanted the Constitution and trash the Articles
Who were the Anti-Federalists?
people who wanted to amend the Articles, but not completely trash them
What terms was Washington president?
1789 & 1792
Who was in Washington's Cabinet? (4 dept., 2 unofficial advisers)
- Attny. General - Edmund Randolph
- Secretary of War - General Henry Knox
- Secretary of Treasury - Alexander Hamilton
- Secretary of State - Thomas Jefferson
- Post Master General - Samuel Osgood
- Chief Justice - John Jay
What are the four original departments and their chairs?
- Dept. of Justice: Attny. General
- Dept. of Defense: Secretary of War
- Dept. of Treasury: Secretary of Treasury
- Sept. of Foreign Affairs: Secretary of State
What were the 5 things Hamilton wanted to accomplish?
- Establish credit
- Make states subservient
- Generate revenue
- Generate more revenue
- Encourage manufacturing
How did Hamilton establish credit?
Report on Public Credit: pay back IOUs
How did Hamilton make states subservient?
Assumption Plan: Federal gov. will assum state debts
How did Hamilton pass the Assumption Plan?
Traded votes for Jefferson and Madison
How does Hamilton generate revenue (1)?
Bank of the US
How does he get the Bank of US to pass?
Though Madison and Jefferson disagree with bank, Washington agrees and wins
How did Hamilton generate revenue (2)?
What was the Whiskey Tax used for?
To pay back France
When was the Whiskey Rebellion? Was it successful?
- no, farmers got starstruck with Washington
How did Hamilton want to encourage manufacturing?
- Report on Manufacturers: US gov give grants to private industries for manufacturing
- doesn't pass
What were the two battles of Indian Affairs?
- Battle of Wabash
- Battle of Fallen Timbers
When was the Battle of Wabash? Who against who? Who wins?
- Miami & Shawnee Indians v. St. Clair (America)
- Indians win
When was the Battle of Fallen Timbers? Who against who? Who wins?
- Miami & Shawnee Indians v. Wayne (America)
- America wins
When was the Jay Treaty?
What comes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
Get Ohio from natives, trade tobacco with natives