AMH Exam 2

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AMH Exam 2
2013-10-20 18:15:20
amh2010 duffy

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  1. Other names for King William's War
    • War for Grand Alliance
    • 9 Years War
  2. When was King William's War?
  3. What was the result of King William's War?
    • Treaty of Ryswick:
    • France loses land
    • William III king of England
  4. Other name for Queen Anne's War
    War of Spanish Succession
  5. When was Queen Anne's War?
  6. What was the result of Queen Anne's War?
    • Treaty of Utrecht: 
    • Britain gains Newfoundland
  7. Another name for War of Jenkin's Ear
    War of Austrian Succession
  8. When was the War of Jenkin's Ear?
  9. What was the result of the War of Jenkin's Ear?
    Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle: Britain returns Louisbourg
  10. When was the French and Indian War?
  11. What was the result of the French and Indian War?
    • Treaty of Paris:
    • Britain acquired Canada and east of Mississippi River. Gained Florida from Spain
  12. Who were the Indian allies for the British in King William's War?
    Iroquois and Mohegan
  13. Who were the Indian allies for the French in King William's War?
    Wampanoag and Narraganset
  14. What happened with the Ohio Colony?
    Fairfax family sponsored the colonization of Ohio but France argues it's their land.
  15. Who did the Ohio Co. of Virginia send to secure the Ohio colony? What were the 3 things he did?
    • George Washington
    • sneak attacks France
    • Builds Ft. Necessity
    • fails to protect it
  16. What were the four intercolonial congresses in order?
    • Albany Congress
    • Stamp Act Congress
    • 1st Continental Congress
    • 2nd Continental Congress
  17. When was the Albany Congress?
  18. What were the two things that needed to get done in the Albany Congress?
    • Plan a defense against French
    • Get allies
  19. What was in the Albany Plan of Union?
    • Congress for defense only
    • 48 delegates chosen by colonies
    • 1 pres. chosen by king
  20. What was the 1755 Three Front Strategy?
    • 1) Ft. Dusquesne - Braddock defeated
    • 2) Ft. Niagra - never happened
    • 3) Ft. Carrilon (Ticonderoga) - never happened
  21. What was William Pitt's new strategy?
    Colonists take New France
  22. When was Pontiac's rebellion? Who did it involve?
    1763 indians v. Brits
  23. What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
    colonists stay east of Appalachian mountains
  24. What was another name for the Revenue Act?
    Sugar Act
  25. When was the Revenue Act? What three things did it do?
    • 1764
    • lowers molasses tax
    • if caught smuggling, larger penalty
    • If caught, sent to Nova Scotia for court
  26. When was the Stamp Act? What did it do?
    • 1765
    • tax on all printed material
  27. What were the 3 reactions to the Stamp Act?
    • Virginia resolves
    • Sons of Liberty
    • Stamp Act Congress
  28. When was the Stamp Act Congress? What were it's two goals?
    • 1765
    • Stop violence of Sons of Liberty
    • Get Stamp Act repealed
  29. When was the Declaratory Act? What did it do?
    • 1766
    • Parliament reserves the right to tax the colonies
  30. When was the original Quartering Act? What did it do?
    • 1765
    • quarters troops in public areas
  31. When were the Townshend Acts? What did they do?
    • 1767
    • indirect taxes on materials
  32. What were the responses of the Townshend Acts?
    Daughters of Liberty boycott
  33. When was the Boston Massacre?
    March 1770
  34. When was the Gaspee Incident? What happened?
    • 1772
    • Commander William Duddingston, in charge of catching smugglers, his boat caught fire and sank
  35. What did the Tea Act of 1773 do?
    lowered price of tea
  36. When was the Boston Tea Party?
  37. When were the Coercive Acts? What did they do?
    • 1774
    • Boston Port Act
    • Massachusetts Government Act
    • New Quartering Act
    • Imperial Administration of Justice Act
    • Quebec Act
  38. What did the Massachusetts Government Act do?
    • replaced government in MA with royal Thomas Gage
    • repeals Massachusetts assembly
  39. What did the Imperial Administration Justice Act do?
    Any royal official accused of a crime is held for trial in Great Britain
  40. When was the 1st Continental Congress? What were the goals?
    • 1774
    • Declaration of Rights and Grievances
    • Continental Association boycott
  41. When and what was the Conciliatory Proposition?
    • 1774
    • Great Britain will no longer tax colonies if they voluntarily pay off the war debt
  42. Who were the Provincial Congress?
    The repealed Massachusetts Assembly under John Hancock
  43. Who rides to Lexington? Who rides to Concord?
    • Revere and Dawes
    • Dawes and Prescott
  44. When was the Battle of Lexington and Concord? Who won?
    • 1775
    • British then colonists, but overall colonists
  45. When was the 2nd Continental Congress? What were the two goals?
    • 1775
    • Reconcile with Britain
    • Prepare for war, find a general
  46. Why did George Washington get the job as general?
    • wanted the job
    • experience
    • rich
    • born in VA
  47. How did the colonies get the weapons to prepare for revolution?
    Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold got them at Ft. Ticonderoga
  48. When was the Battle of Bunker Hill? Who won? How did they win?
    • 1775
    • British
    • Kept pushing until colonists at top of hill ran out of ammo
  49. Who led the Battle of Bunker Hill for the Colonists?
  50. What was the American Strategy?
    • 1) Take New France
    • 2) Use guerilla warfare
    • 3) Survive
  51. What was the British strategy?
    • 1) Stop rebellion in Massachusetts
    • 2) Divide at NY
    • 3) Preserve the south/use loyalists
  52. Who helped the colonies take New France?
    • Ethan Allen attempts to take Canada - taken as PoW
    • Richard Montgomery takes Montreal
    • Benedict Arnold attempts to take Quebec
  53. How does Washington claim Massachusetts in 1776?
    Siege of Boston: Builds up defense like they have more power than they really do
  54. Who were Richard and William Howe?
    loyalists who led the army and navy respectively against colonists
  55. What happens at the Continental Congress of 1776?
    • Richard Henry Lee announces idea of independance
    • Jefferson (and sorta John Adams and Robert Livingston) put together Declaration of Independance
  56. When was the Battle of Long Island/Brooklyn? What happened?
    • 1776
    • Washington kept losing until Christmas break when he sneak attacked the Hessians
  57. When was the Battle of Saratoga? What happened?
    • 1777
    • Burgoyne and Howe plan to meet in Albany but Americans lead Burgoyne to hills and kill the troops while they hunt for turkeys
  58. What were the results of the Battle of Saratoga?
    • Gives Amerians pride
    • Forces British to change strategy
    • Americans get support from France
  59. What did the Treaty of Alliance of 1778 do?
    Gave colonists French and Spanish support
  60. How did the colonists win from Savannah, Charleston, Camden, to Cowpens? When did this happen?
    • British won the battles but the Sons of Liberty drove out all of the loyalists so the real victory went to the colonists
    • 1778-1781
  61. How do the British change their strategy after the Battle of Cowpens?
    British realize they can't win in the mountains and focus on the East Coast
  62. Who leads Americans in the Battle of Cowpens?
  63. Who leads the Americans in the Battle of Saratoga?
    Gates > Arnold and Morgan
  64. When was the Battle of Yorktown? What happened?
    • 1781
    • Washington led the troops through Cornwallis' birdnest and trap his troops with the French navy
  65. What treaty ends the Revolutionary War?
    • The Treaty of Paris 1783
    • Americans get land S of Canada, E of MS, N of FL
  66. What were the branches of the new state governments? What powers did they have? Who was allowed to vote?
    • Legislative, Executive, Judicial
    • Taxes and militia
    • White men with religion and property
  67. When were the Articles of Confederation written? By whom?
    • 1777
    • John Dickinson
  68. Under the Articles, what powers did the new government have?
    • 1) Make war and peace
    • 2) Right to draft treaties and alliances
    • 3) Control Indian affairs
    • 4) Maintain standards of coins, weights, and measures
    • 5) Maintain a postal service
  69. How would people pass the Articles?
    • 1 vote per state
    • You need 2/3 the votes to create new legislature
    • All 13 needed to amend the Articles
  70. How did the Land Ordinance of 1784 come about?
    Maryland wouldn't amend the Articles unless VA gave up some land to the central gov. More states gave up land too
  71. What did the Land Ordinance of 1784 state?
    • We will divide the territory eventually
    • The territory will be self governed somehow
  72. What did the Land Ordinance of 1785 state?
    Territory will be 5 states, self governed, no slavery
  73. What did the SW Land Ordinance of 1790 state?
    Same survey as 1785, same government as 1785, allows slavery
  74. Name 9 problems with the Articles.
    • Leadership in states
    • No executive branch
    • No army
    • No standard currency
    • Debt
    • Tariff
    • France
    • Rhode Island
    • 13 to amend
  75. When was Shay's Rebellion? What happened?
    • 1787
    • Farmers can't pay taxes in hard currency
  76. What was the result of Shay's Rebellion?
    Made people rethink the Articles
  77. When was the Mount Vernon Congress? What did they want to/actually talk about?
    • 1785
    • Wanted: Potomac River Co.
    • Actually: Articles problems
  78. When was the Annapolis Congress? Who headed it? Was it successful?
    • 1786
    • James Madison
    • no, only 5 states come
  79. When was the Constitutional Convention? What was proposed?
    • 1787
    • VA Plan
    • NJ Plan
    • Great Compromise
  80. Who made the VA Plan?
    James Madison and Edmund Randolph
  81. What was in the Virginia Plan?
    • Legislative Branch: Both houses by population
    • Executive Branch: One president
    • Judicial Branch: Courts
  82. Who made the NJ Plan?
    William Patterson
  83. What was in the New Jersey Plan?
    • L Branch: 1 House, 1 vote for state, equal repres.
    • E Branch: 3 presidents
    • J Branch: Courts
  84. What was the 3/5th's Clause? Where was is proposed?
    Every other persons will count as 3/5ths of a citizen, proposed in the NJ Plan
  85. Who were the Federalists?
    people who wanted the Constitution and trash the Articles
  86. Who were the Anti-Federalists?
    people who wanted to amend the Articles, but not completely trash them
  87. What terms was Washington president?
    1789 & 1792
  88. Who was in Washington's Cabinet? (4 dept., 2 unofficial advisers)
    • Attny. General - Edmund Randolph
    • Secretary of War - General Henry Knox
    • Secretary of Treasury - Alexander Hamilton
    • Secretary of State - Thomas Jefferson
    • Post Master General - Samuel Osgood
    • Chief Justice - John Jay
  89. What are the four original departments and their chairs?
    • Dept. of Justice: Attny. General
    • Dept. of Defense: Secretary of War
    • Dept. of Treasury: Secretary of Treasury
    • Sept. of Foreign Affairs: Secretary of State
  90. What were the 5 things Hamilton wanted to accomplish?
    • Establish credit
    • Make states subservient
    • Generate revenue
    • Generate more revenue
    • Encourage manufacturing
  91. How did Hamilton establish credit?
    Report on Public Credit: pay back IOUs
  92. How did Hamilton make states subservient?
    Assumption Plan: Federal gov. will assum state debts
  93. How did Hamilton pass the Assumption Plan?
    Traded votes for Jefferson and Madison
  94. How does Hamilton generate revenue (1)?
    Bank of the US
  95. How does he get the Bank of US to pass?
    Though Madison and Jefferson disagree with bank, Washington agrees and wins
  96. How did Hamilton generate revenue (2)?
    Whiskey Tax
  97. What was the Whiskey Tax used for?
    To pay back France
  98. When was the Whiskey Rebellion? Was it successful?
    • 1794
    • no, farmers got starstruck with Washington
  99. How did Hamilton want to encourage manufacturing?
    • Report on Manufacturers: US gov give grants to private industries for manufacturing
    • doesn't pass
  100. What were the two battles of Indian Affairs?
    • Battle of Wabash
    • Battle of Fallen Timbers
  101. When was the Battle of Wabash? Who against who? Who wins?
    • 1791
    • Miami & Shawnee Indians v. St. Clair (America)
    • Indians win
  102. When was the Battle of Fallen Timbers? Who against who? Who wins?
    • 1794
    • Miami & Shawnee Indians v. Wayne (America)
    • America wins
  103. When was the Jay Treaty?
  104. What comes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
    Get Ohio from natives, trade tobacco with natives