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Each volume or space is conceived in size, shape, material, color, texture, and other qualities to best accommodate and express its purpose.
It is a matter of designing the volumetric enclosure and spatial interconnections to suit the use.
space dividers and back drops. Of the three volumetric planes, the vertical is the most apparent and the easiest to control. It also has the most important function in the creation of outdoor spaces. The verticals contain and articulate the use areas and may tightly control and enclose them, as with masonry walls, or more loosely define them, as with vegetation.
"the process of determining the fitness, or the appropriateness, of a given tract of land for a specified use (Steiner, 132)
- identify suitable criteria for site selection
- collect and map the relevant site attribute data
- identify and map the site locations with attribute values that meet the suitability criteria for the targeted land uses.
- references to physical, biological and cultural attributes
- reference opportunities and constraints
Draft sizes, spatial relationships, spatially explicit
blocks views and creates spatial edges. level landform does the opposite.
Landform Spatial Definition
Different spatial feelings created even though floor is the same. For example with the same floor area, you can have implied space with level land, defined space with some variation in land height or a well defined space when enclosed.
A line established by two points in space, about which forms and spaces can be arranged in a symmetrical or balanced manner.
Qualities=length, direction, induces movement, promotes views
Reinforced by edges, must be terminated at both ends
Balanced distribution and arrangment of equivalent forms and spaces on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane, or about a center or axis
- Bilateral symmetry, Radial (radiating out from center), Local (only important spaces of the design), Global (all spaces of the design)
- All symmetrical patterns must eventually reconcile their asymmetrical context.
the articulation of the importance or significance of a form or space by its size, shape, or placement relative to the other forms and spaces of the organization.
Exceptional size, unique shape or strategic location. Hierarchy is established by being an exception to the norm
Pattern, rhythm or repetition is needed to establish the norm.
A line, plane or volume, that, by its continuity, regularity and constant presence, serves to gather, measure and organize a pattern of forms and spaces
Example: Red Ribbon Park
a unifying movement characterized by a patterned repetition or alteration of formal elements or motifs in the same or a modified form.
the principle that an architectural concept, structure, or organization can be altered through a series of discrete manipulations an permutations in response to a specific context or set of conditions without a loss of identity or concept
The main aspects of the documentary: "The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces"
seating space – the book recommends 6% to 10%, but the idea of more than enough should apply. Especially with concerns of over-capacity, the problem with urban spaces has mostly been underuse, not overusesun, wind, trees, water – these features make the sitting experience pleasant.food – the draw of food, especially with seating, creates a cafe-like atmosphere amiable to visitors.the street – urban space should be seen from the street, and a part of the street experience. Secluded and unseen urban space is unused urban space.triangulation – street acts, public art, music, magicians, all add character and distinction to a space.