Lit Terms 101-150

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aronlaszik
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241796
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Lit Terms 101-150
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2013-10-21 00:07:39
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Lit Terms 101 150
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Lit Terms 101-150
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  1. Image
    • :
    •  a sensory detail.
  2. Imagery
    • :
    • the use of figures of
    • speech to create vivid images that appeal to one of the senses.
  3. In Medias Res:
    • Latin meaning “in the
    • middle of things”
  4. Inference
    • :
    • a conclusion that one
    • draws (infers) based on premises or evidence.
  5. Interior Monologue
    • :  The presentation to the reader of the flow of
    • a character’s inner emotional experience.
  6. Stream of Consciousness
    • , a particular type of interior monologue,
    • is an attempt to represent the inner workings of a character’s mind, to
    • re-create the continuous, chaotic flow of half-formed and discontinuous
    • thoughts, memories, sense impressions, random associations, images, feelings,
    • and reflections that constitute a character’s consciousness
  7. Irony
    • : the use of words to convey the opposite
    • of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what
    • actually occurs.
  8. Verbal Irony
    :  what is said and what is meant
  9. Situational Irony
    :  what is expected to happen and what actually happens; at times, the direct opposite of what is expected to happen
  10. Dramatic Irony
    • :  what people know
    • and what others do not; what the audience      knows and what the characters do not
  11. Cosmic Irony
    • :  the “greater forces” are indifferent to or
    • ineffective in the human condition
  12. Jargon
    • :
    • the specialized language
    • or vocabulary of a particular group or profession
  13. Juxtaposition
    • : placing two elements side by side to
    • present a comparison or contrast
  14. Legend
    • :  a narrative handed down from the past,
    • containing historical elements and usually supernatural elements.
  15. Limited Narrator
    • :  a narrator who presents the story as it is
    • seen and understood by a single character and restricts information to what is
    • seen, heard, thought, or felt by that one character.
  16. Litotes
    • :  a type of understatement in which an idea is
    • expressed by negating its opposite (describing a particularly horrific scene by
    • saying, “It was not a pretty pictures.”)
  17. Lyric Poetry
    • :
    • characterized by
    • emotion, subjectivity, and imagination; song-like
  18. Malapropism
    • :  the mistaken substitution of one word for
    • another word that sounds similar (“The doctor wrote a subscription”).
  19. Melodrama
    • :
    •  excessive appeal to the emotions
  20. Metaphor
    • :
    •  a direct comparison of two different
    • things.  An extended metaphor is a metaphor that continues throughout the work
    • and may be the controlling or central idea in the work
  21. Meter
    • :  The patterned repetition of stressed and
    • unstressed syllables
  22. Metonymy
    • :
    •  substituting the name of one object for
    • another object closely associated with it (“The pen [writing] is mightier than
    • the sword [war/fighting]”)
  23. Mood
    :  the emotional atmosphere of a work
  24. Motif
    • :  a standard theme, element, or dramatic
    • situation that recurs in various works
  25. Motivation
    • -:a character’s incentive or reason fir
    • behaving in a certain manner; that which impels a character to act
  26. Myth
    • :  a traditional story presenting supernatural
    • characters and episodes that help explain natural events
  27. Narrative
    :  a story or narrated account
  28. Narrative Poetry
    • :
    •  verse that tells a story (Ex.: ballad or epic)
  29. Narrator
    • :  the one who tells the story; may be first- or
    • third-person, limited or omniscient.
  30. Nemesis
    :  A character’s arch-rival
  31. Non sequitur-
    • an inference that does not
    • follow logically from the premises  (literally,
    • “does not follow”)
  32. Novel
    • :  a lengthy fictional narrative in prose
    • dealing with characters, incidents, and settings that imitate those found in
    • real life.   A novella is a shorter novel, usually with a single major incident
    • rather than a series
  33. Ode
    • :  a lyric poem with a dignified tone in praise
    • of someone, something, or an important occasion
  34. Omniscient Narrator
    • :
    •  a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including
    • the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters
  35. Onomatopoeia
    • -
    • a word formed from the
    • imitation of natural sounds
  36. Oxymoron
    • :  an expression in which two words that
    • contradict each other are joined
  37. Parable
    • :  a simple story that illustrates a moral or
    • religious lesson
  38. Paradox
    • :  an apparently contradictory statement that
    • actually contains some truth
  39. Parallelism
    • :  the use of corresponding grammatical or
    • syntactical forms
  40. Paraphrase
    • :  a restatement of a text in a different form or
    • in different words, often for the purpose of clarity
  41. Parody
    :  a humorous imitation of a serious work
  42. Parenthetical
    • : a comment that interrupts
    • the immediate subject, often to qualify or explain
  43. Pastoral
    • :  Latin for “shepherd.”  Originally, a poem that had to do with
    • shepherds and rural living.  It has
    • evolved to include rural settings, and descriptions of the simple, charming
    • rural life
  44. Pathos
    • :  the quality in a work that prompts the reader
    • to feel pity
  45. Pedantic
    • :  characterized by an excessive display of
    • learning or scholarship
  46. Personification
    • :  endowing non-human objects or creatures with
    • human qualities or characteristics
  47. Picaresque Novel
    • :
    •  life story of a rascal, a rogue, a “picaro.”  A picaresque novel follows the episodic
    • adventures of this “picaro.”
  48. Poetry
    • :  the creative experience in verse.  Literature in its most intense, most
    • imaginative, and most rhythmic forms.
  49. Plot
    :  the action of a narrative or drama
  50. Point of View
    :  the vantage point from which a story is told

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