CP

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Author:
SHIM
ID:
241813
Filename:
CP
Updated:
2013-10-21 03:12:19
Tags:
CP
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Description:
CP
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  1. Types of Pain:
    1) Acute
    2) Chronic
    3) Malignant pain
    Acute- recent onset and usually associated with injury or tissue damage

    Chronic- pain that persists for more than 6 months; can be intermittent or constant, and seldom be attributed to a specific injury or tissue damage 

    Malignant pain- cancer pain
  2. Types of Pain
    1) Nociceptive 
    2) Visceral pain
    3) Neuropathic
    4) Somatic
    5) Phantom
    1) Nociceptive- pain due to noxious stimuli, such as disease, injury or inflammation 

    2) Visceral- mediated by nociceptors; described as deep, achy, colicky; dispersed thruout body and referred to cutaneous sites which may be tender; ie- damage to internal organs

    3) Neuropathic- caused by damage to brain, spinal cord, or peripheral nerves; burning, tingling, shooting, or pins and needles

    4) Somatic- activation of pain receptors in either body surface or musculoskeletal tissues; dull or aching pain; usually aggravated by activity and relieved by rest

    5) Phantom- pain coming from body part that's no longer there; i.e.- amputated leg pain
  3. Treating Pain
    Anti-inflammatory agents- usually short term use; nociceptive/visceral pain 

    Corticosteroids- same as above, but very SHORT TERM 

    Opiates- usually reserved for malignant pain

    Anti-depressants- neuropathic control

    Anti-seizure/Anti-convulsives- neuropathic control, neuropathies, somatic 

    Anti-spasmodics- nociceptive (muscle relaxants)

    Neuroleptics 

    Opiate antagonists

    Topical drugs- neuropathic pain

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