History: Chapter 17

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  1. The practice of extending a nation's power by gaining territories for a colonial empire.
  2. What were the terms of the Bayonet Constituion
    It limited the power of King Kalakaua and the Hawaiian's right to vote.
  3. Queen of the Hawaiian Islands who opposed annexation by the U.S., but lost power in a U.S. supported revolt, which led to the installation of a new government in Hawaii
  4. American sugar tycoon who helped overthrow Queen Liliuokalani and later served as president and governor of the republic of Hawaii
    Sanford B. Dole
  5. *An area where foreign countries control the trade of natural resources of another nation or area
    *Sphere of Influence
  6. Policy established by the U.S. in 1899 to promote equal access for all nations to trade in China
    Open Door Policy
  7. A siege of foreign settlement in Beijing by Chinese nationalists who were angry at foreign involvement in China
    Boxer Rebellion
  8. Russia vs. Japan war over Manchuria
    Russo Japanese War
  9. Cuban writer and independence fighter who was killed in battle, but became a symbol of Cuba's fight for freedom
    Jose Marti
  10. American journalist who was famous for his sensational news stories (Yellow Journalism) and formed public opinion for the Spanish American War
    William Randolph Hearst
  11. American journalist and war respondent who reported on WWII from the point of view of an ordinary soldier
    Joseph Pulizter
  12. Letter written by Spain's minister to the U.S. ridiculing President McKinley that was published in a major newspaper
    de Lome letter
  13. The reporting of exaggerated stories in newspapers to increase sales
    Yellow Journalism
  14. *Commander of the U.S. Navy's Asiatic Squadron; he led the attack in the Pacific during the Spanish-American War
    *George Dewey
  15. President of the new Philippine Republic in 1899 and fought for Filipino independence from the U.S. 
    Emilio Aguinaldo
  16. A cavalry regiment organized by Roosevelt
    Rough Riders
  17. Battle in the Spanish-American War in which 8,000 soldiers fought to seize control over San Juan Hill
    Battle of San Juan Hill
  18. How did the Platt Amendment contradict the Teller Amendment?
    The U.S. could no longer control cuba
  19. What were the terms of the Platt Amendment?
    • Limited Cuba's right to make treaties
    • Gave the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuban affairs
    • Required Cuba to sell or lease land to the U.S.
  20. *A country that is controlled by an outside government
  21. *Established that the U.S. would appoint the upper house of Puerto Rico's legislature as well as it's governor
    *Foraker Act
  22. A change to the Monroe Doctrine, saying that the U.S. could intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American nations
    Roosevelt Corollary
  23. The effort of the U.S. to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries
    *Dollar Diplomacy
  24. *Mexican general and politician; he was president and dictator for a total of 30 years. He ruled the people of Mexico harshly, but encouraged foreign investment.
    *Porfirio Diaz
  25. *President of Mexico after Porfirio Diaz fled the country.
    He tried to establish a democratic government in Mexico
    *Francisco Madero
  26. *Led by Francisco Madero in 1910 that eventually forced the Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz to resign
    *Mexican Revolution
  27. *Mexican revolutionary who led the revolt against Porfirio  Diaz in the south of Mexico during the Mexican Revolution
    *Emiliano Zapata
  28. This person and his rebels attacked U.S. towns in Texas killing 17 Americans and evading capture for 11 months
    Francisco "Pancho" Villa
  29. *Mexican general and politician who overthrew Madero as Mexican president and faced revolts with many revolutionary leaders.
    His government was not recognized by the U.S.
    *Victoriano Huerta
  30. This incident led the U.S. to ask for military action against Mexico (The arrest of American sailors)
    Tampico Incident
  31. Major conflict in the Mexican Revolution
    Battle of Veracruz
  32. *American army commander
    Commanded the expeditionary force sent into Mexico to find Pancho Villa.
    He was the major general and Commander in Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces in WWII
    *John J. Pershing
  33. Why did U.S. colonization begin?
    • The U.S. needed new markets to sell goods
    • U.S. was falling behind in power and world influence due to lack of colonies
  34. He was the first monarch of Hawaii, united the 8 islands under his rule
  35. This person "discovered" or introduced Hawaii to the rest of the world
    Captain James Cook
  36. Why did the first Americans come to Hawaii?
    The Sugar Industry/Missionaries
  37. Lucrative crop grown in Hawaii
    Sugar Cane
  38. What was the Hawaiian's reaction to the growing American influence on their islands
  39. Nationalistic king who tried to gain control of Hawaii
  40. Secret group set up to overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy
    Hawaiian League
  41. Describe the events of the Bayonet Constitution.
    King Kalakaua was forced to sign a new constitution at gunpoint 
  42. Results of the Bayonet Constitution and the Hawaiian League?
    Pearl Harbor is established 
  43. She was the last monarch to try and restore power to the Hawaiians
  44. Under what pretense is Hawaii finally added as a U.S. territory?
    Annexation during the Spanish American War
  45. When did Hawaii become the 50th state?
  46. Why did critics call the U.S.'s purchase of Alaska "Seward's Folly"?
    It was thought to be useless
  47. Why did Alaska become a great buy for the U.S.?
    Gold, copper, timber, and fish were found there
  48. Name of the only port open to foreigners in China in the 1700s?
  49. Why did secretary of State John Hay propose the Open Door Policy?
    U.S. missed out on the Sphere's of Influence and wanted to destroy the Sphere of Influence and reestablish free trade in China
  50. Secret Organization that battled foreigners in China?
  51. What was the result of the Boxer Rebellion?
    Open Door Policy is approved by European Powers
  52. What American first entered Edo (Tokyo Bay) in 1853?
    Matthew Perry
  53. What was the results of Edo (Tokyo Bay)
    • Rapid Modernization
    • Opened to U.S. trade 
    • Treaty of Kanagawa
  54. What tactic did President Roosevelt use to end the Russo-Japanese War?
  55. What was the one main consequences of the Russo-Japanese War?
    Japan emerges as the leading power of Asia
  56. What was Jose Marti fighting for?
    Independence from Spain for the Cubans
  57. Why was General Valeriano Weyler nicknamed "The Butcher"?
    For the atrocities he committed in Cuba
  58. How did Yellow Journalism drive the war in Cuba?
    • With pictures 
    • Made Spain sound bad
    • Said Cuba should break away from Spain
  59. The two newspapers that competed with each other, both employing Yellow Journalism.
    • New York (Joseph Pulitizer)
    • New York World (William Hearst)
  60. How did the de Lome letter bring us close to war with Spain?
    It ridiculed President Mckinely
  61. What happened to the USS Maine?
    Exploded because of an accident in the boiler room
  62. Who was blamed for the explosion of the USS Maine?
  63. U.S. claimed no "sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control" over Cuba
    Teller Amendment
  64. What two fronts was the war fought in?
    Philippines and Cuba
  65. How did the Chinese feel about new foreigners?
    Anti-Foreigner Sentiment
  66. Describe the Rough Riders and their contribution to the Spanish American War
    • Charged San Juan Hill, U.S. Navy sank fleet.
    • Organized by Teddy Roosevelt
  67. Why did Secretary of State John Hay call the Spanish American War a "splendid little war"?
    The war only lasted 5 months
  68. Identify all the consequences of the Spanish American War
    • The Phillipines are bought by the U.S. for $20 million.
    • Cuba won its independence
    • Guam and Puerto Rico are now U.S. territories
    • $250,000 in damages
    • U.S. emerges as a world power
    • 3,000 soldiers lost
  69. List the arguments FOR annexing the Philippines
    • Our responsibility to civilize and educate the Filipinos
    • Economic and strategic value
  70. List the arguments FOR NOT annexing the Philippines
    • Violated the idea of Self-Government
    • Stolen Jobs from American
  71. Gave Puerto Ricans U.S. citizenship
    Jones Act of 1917
  72. Identify the U.S. Policy towards Puerto Rico
    U.S. Common Wealth
  73. Which country attempted to build the Panama Canal prior to us?
  74. What events led to the U.S. signing a treaty for the 10 mile long Canal Zone?
    Panamanian Rebellion
  75. What are the three problems builders/workers faced when building the Panama Canal?
    • Harsh working conditions
    • Shortages of Labor
    • Disease (like Malaria)
  76. Explain the proverb "Speak Softly and Carry a big stick"
    Be forceful
  77. The U.S. would only lend a hand to those Latin American nations which had a democratic government and supported the interests of the U.S.
    Moral Diplomacy
  78. What were the reactions of the Latin American countries towards all three policies?
  79. This person was overthrown by Victoriano Huerta
  80. President Wilson supported this person as President of Mexico
  81. Port city seized during the conflict between Mexico and the U.S.
  82. Identify the reason why the U.s. withdrew from Mexico
    WWI was going on at the time
  83. What are the 6 motivations for Imperialism?
    (the 6 D's)
    • Dollars-Economic
    • Defense- Military
    • Democracy-Political Ideology
    • Darwinism-Cultural Ideology
    • Deity-Religion
    • Destiny-Manifest Destiny
  84. Motivations for Imperialism:
    New colonies provide new markets for manufactured goods and new sources for raw materials
  85. Motivations for Imperialism:
    American survival depended on a strong navy
  86. Motivations for Imperialism:
    Democracy-Political Ideology
    Spread our ideals. Colonize in the name of liberty and freedom.
  87. Motivations for Imperialism:
    Darwinism-Cultural Ideology
    Stronger nations should colonize and dominate the weaker ones. (whites over other races)
  88. Motivations for Imperialism:
    U.S. spreading Christianity to savages.
  89. Motivations for Imperialism:
    Destiny-Manifest Destiny
    Expanding westward to Pacific Ocean
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History: Chapter 17
History vocab
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