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What is a noun?
- It is a name of a place or
Types of nouns
- Common nouns
- Proper nouns
- Compound nouns
Names any one of a class of people, places and things
*writers, country, building*
Names specific person, thing or place
*David, Sudan, HP Pavilion*
It is a noun made up of more than one word.
*Ship wreck, grandparents*
They replace nouns (take their place)
*Michael can be replaced by he*
Are nouns (or take the place of nouns)
*they give meaning to pronouns*
- Refers to person speaking, spoken to, or person, place or
- thing spoken about
*I, my, we, ours, his, hers*
- They end in self or selves. The self or selves are added to
*ourselves, myself, themselves*
- They end in self or selves. And simply add emphasis to a
Direct attention to specific people, places or things.
*this, that, these*
- Begins subordinate clause and connects it to another idea in
- a sentence. *that, which*
Show action, condition or existence.
To identify verbs, ask?
- Whether a word tells what someone or something did or shows
- condition or existence.
- They describe action or tell what the subject is doing (they
- show visible and mental action)
*sit, run, throw, walk, jump, think, and learn*
Takes an object after it
*I eat food*
Takes an object after it
*Mary lives alone*
Helping verbs are?
- Verbs that can be added to another verb to create a verb
What is an object?
Is the receiver of an action
*find objects by asking who, what*
What is a sentence?
- Is a complete expression of thought or a group of words that
- make sense.
A subject is?
Is the doer of an action.
A linking verb is?
Is a word that links another word with the subject.
- *it renames or describes the subject. The baby could
- be sick*
Gerunds verbs are types of verbs that?
Function like a noun in a sentence.
*Also call verb nouns. She does not like speaking*
A word that modifies or talks more about a noun or pronoun.
*They ask How many, what kind, which one, how much. Mary is beautiful*
Adjectives are used?
Before or after a noun and after a linking verb.
What kind, which one, how many, how much
Categories of adjectives
Are nouns used as adjectives
*The UGANDAN man, the INDIAN ocean*
Are adjectives that have more than one word.
*all star, downhill*
Words that modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
*Please, come here, the ball fell below*
What manner, when, what extent
*Mary walked briskly, I came yesterday, I hardly know her*
Adverbs modifying other adverbs answer to?
*The girl is always very happy*
Conjunction words, are words that?
Connect a group of words.
*for, nor, neither, either*
Types of conjunctions
They connect similar kind word or similar groups of words.
*and, but, for*
- They connect similar kind word or similar groups of words.
- But appear in pairs.
- These are words that connect two ideas, making the other
- They are words that relate a noun or a pronoun that appears
- with it to another word in a sentence.
*at, by, on*
Are made up of two or three words
*According to, ahead of*
- These are words that express emotions or feelings and are not
- related to any other words in a sentence.
A form of a verb or use of a verb that indicates time of action.
Types of tenses
- Future tense
- (present tense indicating future)
Types of present tense?
- perfect continuous
- Shows an action that is yet to be completed in the present or future
- *also describes habitual action*
Present perfect continuous
Describes action taking place now.
*does not use words that describe emotion, love, forgive*
past perfect tense
The past perfect tense is used to emphasise that an action was completed before another took place.Read more at
Simple past tense
The simple past tense is used to describe a completed activity that started in the past and ended in the past.
The simple future tense
is used for an action that will occur in the future.
The future perfect tense
is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future. It is often used with a time expression which identifies that point in the future.