temporary storage of urine and its emilmination is known as...
carries urine from bladder to exterior
-bilateral tubes about 10-12 inches
-move urine to bladder by peristalic waves
-contain smooth muscle and are innervated by autonomic nervous system
-hollow muscular organ that lies behind the symphasis pubis
bladder is lined with
base of bladder is known as the ______, where ureters enter
________ muscle is arranged in layers that allow the bladder to ______ and _____
detrussor; expand and contract
healthy adults get the urge to piss when the bladder contains ____-_____mL of urine
muscle tone in the trigone prevent what?
a backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureters
the ______sphincter, _______ in response to a full bladder, signaling the urge to urinate.
________ urethral sphincter is formed by ______ muscle and is under _______ control
external; skeletal, voluntary
This part is the last in the urinary system and is a thin walled muscular tube the channels urine and semen out of the body
female urethra = ____ inches?
male urethra = ___ inches
why is the right kidney situated lower than the left
because of the liver
dense layer of connective tissue protects and anchors the kidney
outer layer of kidney and houses glomeruli and small clusters of capillaries
inner portion of kidney, nephrons for renal pyramids which channel the urine to the branches of the innermost region, the renal pelvis
cavity or innermost area of kidneys, hollow and collects urine as it passes through the collecting ducts (from medulla) and urine is channeled from pelvis thru ureters and into the the bladder for storage
-formation of urine
-maintains and regulates the bodys internal environment
kidneys process about ___ liters of filtrate each day, only __% is excreted as urine
180 liters, 1% is excreted as urine
formation of urine is by the process ________filtration, tubular _________, and tubular _______.
glomerular, reabsorption and excretion
kidneys help regulate ___- ____ ______ and _______ ______
acid base balance, blood pressure
what does erythropoietin do in kidneys?
erythropoietin is a hormone secreted by the kidneys to stimulate bone marrow to produce RBC's
Renin is secreted when B/P _____, then initiates _____-_________-_________ _________ which results in formation of _______ ___.
drops, renin-angiotension-aldosterone mechanism, agiotension II.
angiotension II stimulates _________ and increases the secretion of ___________, both of which help raise b/p.
________ hormone is secreted by the kidney stimulate the bone marrow to produce ____
the skin, liver, lungs, and intestines also eliminate metabolic