1. Define metabolic syndrome (symptoms - 4, increases risk of 3)
2. How does timing of nutritional constraint during pregnancy impact offspring? Periconceptually vs. later stages of gestation
1. Cluster of conditions - having at least 3 of the 5 following - hypertension, hyperglycemia, excess visceral body fat, high cholesterol, low HDL, that occur together increasing risk of CVD, stroke, and diabetes.
2. Periconceptual/first trimester of of pregnancy exposure - no reduced birth weights but as adults, had increased risk of obesity & CVD.
Later stages of gestation - reduced birth weights and increased incidence of insulin resistance and hypertension