people of honors world studies 1

Card Set Information

Author:
Curstyn
ID:
242113
Filename:
people of honors world studies 1
Updated:
2013-10-22 20:27:43
Tags:
curstyns cards
Folders:

Description:
people on the honors world studies 1 final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Curstyn on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Francesco Petrach
    • -one of the early most influential humanists
    • - father of the Renaissance
    • - first to write in vernacular
  2. Hans Holbein
    • -painted portraits inspired by Durer
    • - very realistic, detailed, displaying personality consistently through his whole career
    • - "French Ambassadors"
    • - royal subjects
    • - from Germany (former Holy Roman Empire)
  3. Niccolo Machiavelli
    wrote a political guidebook challenging government ; the "Decamari" about the Black Plague, Renaissance writer and humanst
  4. William Shakespeare
    • -most famous write of the Elizabethan Age
    • -best playwrite ever; at his time he wasn't recognized for this
    • - humanist poet
    • -Renaissance man
    • - invented things and words
  5. Michelangelo
    • -sculptor, poet, architect, and painter
    • - ceiling of the Sistene Chapel
    • -famous for the way he portrayed the human body
    • - wanted to bea sculptor mainly
  6. Leonardo da Vinci
    • - painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist= universal/ Renaissance man
    • - 1452-1519
    • - painted the most famous in the world- Mona Lisa
  7. Martin Luther
    • -leader of the Protestant Reformation
    • - posted 95 theses a set of direct statements criticizing the church
    • -wanted to reform the church
    • -former monk of the Roman Catholic church
    • - founded the Lutheran Church
  8. John Calvin
    • -sinful by nature belief
    • - French ; he and his French followers relocated to Genevea
    • - believed in predestination
  9. Henry VII
    • -wanted a divorce from Catherine of Argon that the pope would not enforce
    • - wanted a divorce to be able to have a male heir, had a daughter with Catherine and she was to old to bear another child
    • - prior to the incident he was called Defender of the Faith, even spoke out against Luther
    • - initiated the Act of Supremacy declaring the monarch would be charge of the English church
  10. Osman
    • -the most successful ghazi (Islamic warrior)
    • - expanded the Ottoman empire
  11. Timur the Lame
    • -defeated the Ottoman forces at the Battle of Ankara
    • - burned Baghdad to the ground
  12. Suleyman
    • - The Lawgiver ; organized Ottoman laws
    • - set the pattern for lter sultans to gain and hold power when he killed his ablest son and drove another into exile
  13. Isma'il
    • - 12 y/o leader
    • - conquered most of present day Iran
  14. Aurangzeb
    • -Shah Jahan's 3rd son
    • - took control in 1658 and expanded the Mughal empire to its greatest size
  15. Shah Jahan
    • - Jahangir's son
    • -secured throne by assassinating all possible rivals
  16. Prince Henry
    • -biggest supporter of exploration
    • - conquered Ceuta
    • -founded navigation schools
  17. Bartolomeu Dias
    • - 1st European to sail around the southern tip of Africa ; Cape of Good Hope and established posts all the way for Portugal
    • - Sailed as a Portugese sailor
    • 1486-1488
  18. Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    Japan's best general who continued to fight for unity after his leader's death
  19. Tokugawa Ieyasu
    • -unified Japan - completed that
    • -  Became shogun 1600
  20. Kangxi
    • -Manchu ruler
    • - became emperor of China in 1661
    • -reduced government expenses and lowered taxes
  21. Vasco da Gamma
    • - coast of Eastern Africa reached in 1498
    • - first Euporean to sail around the tip of Africa and on to India
    • - Calicut
  22. Ferdinand Magellan
    • - circumnavigated the world and proved it was round
    • - explored the Phillipines
  23. Hong Wu
    • - peasant
    • - started the Ming Dynasty
    • - started the rebel army that drove the Mongols out of China in 1368
  24. Pedro Cabral
    • -1500
    • -sailed in service of Portugese
    • - claimed Brazil for Portugal
    • - fought trade wars with Muslim traders and took over trade between India and Africa
  25. Christopher Columbus
    • - 1492-1504
    • - sailed in service of Spain
    • - sought for Asia reached the Americas
    • - claimed San Salvador
    • -intended to transform the Carribeans into colonies
  26. Amerigo Vespucci
    • - claimed the land as
    • - in 1507 the continent was named America after him
    • - Italian in service of Portugal and another voyage for Spain
    • -this voyage in 1501
  27. Hernan Cortes
    • -1519
    • - conquered Aztecs and marched inland Mexico to colonize land for Spain
    • - In service of Spain
  28. Henry Hudson
    • 1609-1610ish
    • - sailed in service of the Dutch (Netherlands)
    • - Hudson River, Bay and Strait named after him (New York waterways) because he established trade on them and claimed them for the Netherlands
  29. Samuel de Champlain
    • 1608
    • - in service of France
    • - founded St. Lawerence River and present day Montreal and claimed it for France while exploring the Eastern coast of Canada
  30. Renee Robert de La Salle
    • around 1683
    • - in service of France
    • - explored lower Mississippi
    • - claimed the entire Mississippi River Valley as Louisiana for France
    • - discovered Ohio River Valley
  31. Bartholomeu de Las Casas
    • - Dominican monk spoke out against encomienda system
    • - former conquistador turned monk when on a missionary saw how Natives were being treated
    • - believed Africans should replace Natives in Spanish American's workforce
  32. Cardinal Richelieu
    - Louis XII's strong minister who actually ruled France
  33. Louis XIV
    - most powerful ruler in French history
  34. Ivan the Terrible
    • - Ivan IV
    • - ruled Russia from 1533-1584
    • - his bad period followed the death od his wife Anastasia, accusing the boyars (Russia's landowning nobles) of poisoning his wife he released a purge on all the people he considered traitors, the boyars, their families and peasants on their lands
    • - gave those lands to a new class of nobles who remained loyal to him
    • - in 1581 killed his oldest son and heir. Most able of his sons for the position
    • - died 1584
  35. Peter the Great
    • - one of Russia's greatest reformers
    • - In 1696 sole ruler of Russia
    • - "Great Embassy" a long visit to western Europe, where he learned European customs and techniques and brought them back to Russia to westernize their ways and improve
  36. Maria Theresa
    • - Charles VI's daughter
    • - ruled Austria from 1717 to 1780
    • - limited the amount of nobility and the amount of labor nobles could force peasants to do
    • - heir to all Charles' Hapsburg territories
  37. Oliver Cromwell
    • - leader of the Puritan army
    • - 1644 ; prior to him neither side could get an effective advantage, then his side the Roundheads began defeating Cavaliers
    • -1647 held king prisoner
  38. Johannes Kepler
    • - mathematically solved govern planets rotation and proved planet rotation and proved planets moved in elliptical orbits (ovals) instead of circles
    • - Proved Copernicus' heliocentric theory
    • - Laws of Planetary Motion
  39. Galileo
    • - Italy (proximity to the RCC would cause trouble)
    • - Jupiter's 4 moons
    • - Laws of Inertia
    • - discovered planets and stars were not smooth and perfect
    • - suns dark spots
  40. Sir Francis Bacon and Renee Descartes
    • Bacon:
    • - inductive reason (specific to general) rejected deductive
    • - through multiple trials experimental data could make a genuine statement
    • Descartes:
    • - analytical geometry
    • - deductive reason (general to specific)
    • - everything tested before accepted as logical
  41. Sir Issac Newton
    • - Theory of Universal Gravitation
    • - Laws of Motion
    • - Developed Calculus
  42. Nicolaus Copernicus
    • - Polish
    • - heliocentric theory (everything revolved around the sun instead of Earth)
    • - Earth's rotation on its axis
  43. Voltaire
    • - Francois Marie Arout ; Voltaire was his pen name
    • - 70+ books of political essays, philosophy and drama
    • - used satire (mockery vs. his opponents)
    • - targeted clergy, aistocracy, and government
    • - 2 terms n jail and exiled from England for 2+ years
    • -sought tolerance, reason, freedom of religion and speech
  44. Baron de Montesquieu
    • -"On the Spirit of Laws" (1748)
    • - French writer
    • - political liberty
    • - seperation ofpowers between executive, legislative and judicial branch
    • - checks and balances concept came from him ; basis of the US Constitution
    • - Charles Louis Secondat****
    • - oversimplified the British system
  45. Cesare Bonesana Beccaria
    • - Italian philosopher
    • - focused on judicial system
    • -laws to preserve social order not avenge crimes
    • - criticized abuses of justice: torturing witnesses and suspects, irregular proceedings, and cruel or unusual punishment
    • - he wanted speedy trial, no torture, punishment = to the severity of the crime, abolition of capital punishment
  46. Thomas Hobbes
    • - English philosopher
    • - all humans are naturally selfish and wicked
    • - w/o government to key them in line there would be war (man vs. man)
    • - social contract: people hand over their rights to a strong ruler for law and order
    • - thinks absolute monarchy is the best form of government
  47. John Locke
    • - people could learn from experience and improve
    • - people are reasonable and moral
    • - self government
    • - natural rights: life, liberty and property, purpose of the government was to protect these rights
  48. George Washington
    • - commading general of the Continental Army
    • - Virginian
    • -eventually first president of the United States
  49. Thomas Jefferson
    • - political leader
    • - wrote the Declaration of Independence
    • - supported free speech, religion and other civil liberties
    • -write, statesman, architect, and inventor
  50. Lord Charles Cornwallis
    -British General who surrendered at Yorktown thus granting the Americans their freedom

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview