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What is the Fair report privilege?
allows journalists to report anything said in official governmental proceedings w/o being sued or censored.
What are shield laws?
protects reporters by preserving the confidentiality of their notes and sources.
5 states that have shield laws.
- 1. California
- 2. Nevada
- 3. Arizona
- 4. Georgia
- 5. New York
1. Contempt to Court
a. Refusing to tell a judge the source of controversial material used in a story.
a. " Failure to Obey a Lawful Order"
a. Publishing material deemed too critical of government leaders or policies.
a. Publishing a falsehood that holds someone up to public ridicule or scorn.
5. Invasion of Privacy
a. Using someone in a story in a way that violates their right to be left alone.
6. Breach of Contract
a. Publishing the name of a confidential source after promising you wouldn't.
a. Passing off words or ideas of others as your own w/o attribution.
a. Manufacturing or falsifying any facts, quotes or events for a story.
9. Lapses in Ethics
a. Behavior on or off the job that could damage your publication's reputation.
a. Taking sides in a story, or failing to present both sides of an issue fairly.
11. Bad Taste
a. Using words or ideas that some of your readers may find offensive.
12. Blunders & Bloopers
a. You name it-somebody will find a reason to get upset with your story.
What is libel?
Publication of false statement that deliberately or carelessly damages someone's reputation.
How to do you defend yourself in a libel suit?
TRUTH, consent and privilege
What is New York Times v. Sullivan?
In the 1960s, civil rights groups ran an ad in the New York Times describing abuses inflicted upon protesters in the South; however Sullivan sued the New York Times, but lost because the court ruled in the favor to print public issues.
What is Fair
comment and criticism?
- Allows you to criticize performers, politicians,
- ad matters of public interest.
The FOUR MOST COMMON WAYS to INVADE SOMEONE'S PRIVACY?
1. INTRUSION2. PUBLIC3.DISCLOSURE OF PRIVATE FACTS 4.FALSE LIGHT5.APPROPRIATION
BUSINESSES DO TO PROTECT THEIR NAME?
- THEY REGISTER THEIR NAMES
- AND LOGOS AS TRADEMARKS.
WHAT ARE THE
SEVEN DEADLY SINS?
1. DECEPTION2. CONFLICT OFINTEREST3. BIAS4. FABRICATION5.THEFT6.BURNING ASOURCE7.PLAGIARISM
WHAT IS THE
PURPOSE OF THE COPYRIGHT LAW?
PROTECTS YOU FROM THEFT
WHO IS JAYSON
HE WAS A STAR REPORTER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES THAT WAS FIRED AFTER FINDING OUT HE WAS PLAGIARIZING NEWS STORIES.
WHAT IS A
- Must hold some government position in addition
- the person also must have or appear to have substantial authority over
- governmental affairs.
What is a Public
- a person who has placed themselves voluntarily
- in the public eye.
EX. COLLEGE PRESIDENT OR PROFESSOR
WHAT IS A
GENERAL PURPOSE PUBLIC FIGURE?
- A PERSON WHO IS A PUBLIC FIGURE FOR ALL
EX. MICHEAL JORDAN OR ACTORS
WHAT IS A
LIMITED PURPOSE PUBLIC FIGURE?
- A PERSON WHO THRUSTS THEMSELVES IN THE MIDDLE OF
- A CONTROVERSY JUST FOR THAT MOMENT.
EX. JESSE JACKSON
PROVE THAT THEIR WAS INJURY TO YOUR REPUTATION.
- PROVE THAT REASONABLE READERS,LISTENERS, OR
- VIEWERS WOULD HAVE UNDERSTOOD THAT THE STATEMENT AS ABOUT THE PLANTIFF.
- WHEN A STATEMENT HAS APPEARED IN A NEWSPAPER OR
- BROADCAST AND NO MATTER THE SCALE OF THE OUTLET YOU CAN SUE IF ITS NOT TRUE.
WHAT IS FALSITY?
MUST PROVE THAT THE INFO IS FALSE.
IN 1964, THE SUPREME COURT RULED THAT YOU MUST PROVE THAT THE STATEMENT IS FALSE.
WHAT IS INJURY?
- MUST PROVE THAT YOUR REPUTATION, MONITORY LAWS,
- OR EMOTIONAL SUFFERING BECAUSE OF THE FALSE STATEMENT.
1. WHAT IS FAULT?
- YOU MUST PROVE THAT THE
- STATEMENT WAS MADE INITIALLY, RECKLESSLY, OR NEGLIGENTLY.
WHAT IS SLANDER?
DEFAMATION BY SPOKEN WORDS OR GESTURES.