CRIM 1170

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Author:
xx.chelsii
ID:
242173
Filename:
CRIM 1170
Updated:
2013-10-22 15:48:20
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History Corrections
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Mid-term
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  1. Punishment & Pentinence (1830-1867) CONFEDERATION
    • Canada's first prision built (kingston)
    • Kingston based on American "Auburn" system
  2. Brown Commission
    • First commision to investigate
    • Mainly concerned with firing wardens
  3. Punishment & Pentinence (1867-1938) POST-CONFEDERATION
    • Key pieces of legistlation:
    • BNA-Gave governments authority to create law
    • Criminal Code - Criminal offences and Procedures
  4. Rehabilitation Model (1938-1970)
    • Archambault Report
    • The Fateux Report
    • The Oiumet Committee
    • Opportunities Model
  5. Archambault Report
    • Recommended rehabilitation and parole for the first time
    • Punitive harshness then decreased
    • Gave some light & educational priveleges
  6. Fateaux Report (1956)
    • Due to emphasis on determinism it led to the medical model
    • Those who engaged in criminal activity were sick and crying for help
    • Based on Diagnosis, Treatment, Cure
    • Lobotomy & Electrical Shock Therapy
    • Free to do anything to anyone if thought to help
  7. The Ouimet Committee (1969)
    • COMMUNITY REHABILATION
    • Prisions not the best way to treat people, the community was best!
  8. Opportunities Model
    • Offenders sentence based on behaviour
    • Cannot force treatment, but can hold til end of sentence
  9. Reintegration Model (1970-1978)
    • 1. DO NOT put people in jails unless necessary
    • 2. IF┬áHAVE TO-Get them out ASAP
    • 3. Creation of opportunities MacGuigan Commission
  10. Reperation Model (1978-Present)
    • Currently, all models incorporated in canadian corrections
    • Rehabilitate, Punish, and Incarcerate

    We have seen a dramatic shift in the CJ response to offenders

    Americanizing of CJS: Becoming more punitive like the US system although we know it does not work
  11. Auburn System
    • People allowed to work and eat together
    • Religious Instruction
    • Punished by being hosed with cold water or whipped
  12. Justifications for punishment
    • 1. Retribution
    • 2. Specific & General deterrence
    • 3. Incapacitation
    • 4. Reformation
    • 5. Restoration
    • 6. Rehabilitation

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