Austin Science Cards

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Author:
ewilson
ID:
242200
Filename:
Austin Science Cards
Updated:
2013-10-22 20:12:09
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Science 7th grade
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Description:
Matter and Properties Study Guide
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  1. Makes up all kinds of matter
    Atom
  2. What Contains two or more elements and can be separated?
    Compound
  3. Cannot be broken down into simpler materials
    Element
  4. Takes up space and weighs something
    Matter
  5. Two or more things mixed together and you can't tell
    Mixture
  6. Give an example of:
    Element
    Hydrogen
  7. Give an example of:
    Compound
    Trail Mix
  8. Give an example of:
    Heterogeneous Mixture
    Cereal
  9. Give an example of:
    Homogeneous Mixture
    Coffee
  10. What is the difference between Heterogeneous Mixture and Homogeneous Mixture?
    You can separate heterogenous mixtures.
  11. What are the rows on the periodic table called?
    Periods
  12. What are the columns on the periodic table called?
    Families (Groups)
  13. The elements on the periodic table are arranged by their ______________.
    Atomic Number
    • a) Atomic Number
    • b)Element Symbol
    • c) Atomic Mass
    • d) Element Name
  14. What elements are present in H2O?
    Hydrogen and Oxygen
  15. What is the common name for the following compounds?
    NaCl
    Salt
  16. What is the common name for the following compounds?
    C6H12O10
    Sugar
  17. What is the common name for the following compounds?
    CO2
    Carbon Dioxide
  18. Name the elements in the compound C6H12Oand state how many atoms are present of each element?
    • C6H12O6
    • C= Carbon (atoms present 6)
    • H= Hydrogen (atoms present 12)
    • O= Oxygen (atoms present 6
  19. Name the elements and number of atoms present in the compound CO2
    • CO2
    • C=Carbon (1 atom present)
    • O= Oxygen (2 atom present)
  20. Metals are to the ____(a)____of the zigzag line and non metals are to the ___(b)___of the zigzag line.
    (Left or Right)?
    • a)Left
    • b)Right
  21. What are the properties of metals?
    Luster, Conduct, Malleable, Ductile
  22. ___________is a property of metals that means they are shiny.
    Luster
  23. ______is the ability to transfer heat and electricity easily.
    Conduct
  24. ________means a hammer can be hammered into a shape.
    Malleable
  25. _________is the ability to draw metal into a wire.
    Ductile
  26. Metals have a high ________, which means they are relatively heavy for their size.
    density
  27. What are the properties of nonmetals?
    • brittle
    • poor conductors
    • dull
  28. Non metals are ________, or not shiny.
    dull
  29. Non metals are poor ________; they do not transfer heat or electricity easily.
    conducters
  30. Non metals are ________, or break easily.
    brittle
  31. What are the properties of an acid?
    • reacts with metals
    • sour
    • turns red
  32. What numbers does an acid read on the pH scale?
    1-6
  33. What are the properties of a base?
    • taste bitter
    • turns blue
    • slippery
  34. What numbers does the base read on the pH scale?
    7-14
  35. Acid turns litmus paper ___________
    Red (acid)
  36. Bases turns litmus paper ________
    Blue (base)
  37. Phenolphalein turns magenta in the presence of a(n) _____________
    Strong base
  38. Melting point, boiling point, density, and color describe ____________ properties of matter.
    physical
  39. ____________is the temperature at which matter changes from a solid to a liquid.
    melting point
  40. _____________is the tempature at which matter changes from a liquid to a gas.
    boiling point
  41. Define density
    • how heavy or light it is for its size  
    • ex: metal is heavy for its size
  42. Chemical reactivity, burning, and rusting are _______ properties of matter.
    Chemical
  43. ______________a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
    Chemical reactivity
  44. ________is the ability for a substance to react quickly with oxygen.
    burning
  45. __________is the ability for a substance to react slowly with oxygen and water.
    Rusting

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