AP Gov Chapter 13 Vocab.txt

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AP Gov Chapter 13 Vocab.txt
2013-10-22 22:14:51
AP Gov Chapter 13 Vocab

AP Gov Chapter 13 Vocab
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  1. Departments
    Usually the largest organization in government with the largest mission; the highest rank in the federal hierarchy
  2. Independent Regulatory Commissions
    A government agency or commission with regulatory power whose independence from the Prez is protected by Congress
  3. Independent Agencies
    A government entity that is independent of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
  4. Government Corporations
    a government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program
  5. Senior Executive Service
    Established by Congress in 1978 as a flexible, mobile corps of senior career executives who work closely with presidential appointees to manage government; members of the civil service
  6. Civil Service
    Federal employees who work for government through a competitive, not political selection process
  7. Spoils System
    a system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends
  8. Pendleteon Act of 1833
    created an independent Civil Service Commission based on a merit system
  9. Merit System
    a system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage
  10. Office of Personnel Management
    an agency that administers civil service laws, rules and regulations
  11. Merit Systems Protection Board
    independent agency that oversees and protects merit in the federal government personnel system
  12. Hatch Act
    Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities- A federal statute barring federal employees from active participation in certain kinds of politics and protecting them from being fired on partisan grounds
  13. Implementation
    the process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending/converting a law into action
  14. Administrative Discretion
    authority given by Congress to the federal bureaucracy to use reasonable judgment in implementing the laws
  15. Administrative Procedure Act
    all rules from the Bureaucracy must be published in the Federal Register
  16. Federal Register
    the official record of what the federal bureaucracy does
  17. Uncontrollable Spending
    the portion of the federal budget that is spent on previously enacted programs, such as Social Security, that the president and Congress are unwilling to cut
  18. Entitlement program
    programs such as unemployment insurance, disaster relief, disability payments, Social Security, college loans, medicare that provide benefits to all eligible citizens
  19. Oversight
    legislative or executive review of a particular government program or organization. Can be in response to a crisis of some kind or part of routine review
  20. Central Clearance System
    review of all executive branch testimony, reports and draft legislation by the Office of Management and Budget to ensure that each communication to Congress is in accordance with the presidentÂ’s program
  21. Police patrol oversight
    two branches watch the bureaucracy through a routine pattern of key reports and budget monitoring
  22. Fire alarm oversight
    two branches wait for citizens, interest groups, or the press to find am ajor problem and pull the alarm; medioa using the Freedom of Information Act
  23. Freedom of Information Act
    anyone can access documents from the bureaucracy
  24. Whistle-blowers
    people who pull the fire alarm