Respiratory

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Author:
amills1
ID:
242272
Filename:
Respiratory
Updated:
2013-10-22 22:39:42
Tags:
Respiratory PTA 210
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Description:
Notes from PP handout
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  1. How many lobes in R lobe? How many in L? Why is there a difference?
    • R- 3
    • L- 2
    • Heart is on left.
  2. Define aspiration
    Food/fluid goes into trachea
  3. What is pneumonia?
    Fluid in lungs
  4. Stethoscope placement to hear RML
    lateral trunk
  5. T/F Lungs aren't sterile
    False
  6. Pharynx is common to both food and
    Air
  7. This is just before the separation of trachea and esophagus and if it fails to close results in aspiration
    Epiglottis
  8. Sympathetic causes lungs to
    Vasodilate, comes from thoracic area
  9. URT composed of
    Nasal passages, paranasal sinus, nasopharynx, larynx, and trachea
  10. LRT composed of
    Bronchus, bronchi, bronchioles, aleveoli
  11. What kind of muscle is it that contracts or relaxes to control bronchiole opening size
    Smooth
  12. Gas diffusion occurs here
    Alveoli
  13. T/F alveoli have thick walls lined with capillaries.
    • False
    • Thin walls
  14. Lungs are covered with what type of membrane
    Pleural
  15. Difference between visceral and parietal pleural
    • Visceral is attached to lungs
    • Parietal is attached to thoracic cavity
  16. What's surfactan
    Fluid in pleural cavity
  17. Superior/inferior lung expansion
    Diaphragm
  18. Lateral lung expansion
    External intercostals
  19. Types of chest wall deformities
    • Extra cervical ribs
    • Pectus carinatum
    • Pectus excavatum
    • Barrel chest
    • Kyphosis
    • Scoliosis
  20. Pectus carinatum
    Pigeon chest
  21. Pectus excavatum
    Caved in chest
  22. What type of blood does the pulmonary artery carry
    Unoxygenated
  23. Ventilation
    Moves gas from environment to and from alveoli
  24. Diffusion
    Passage of O2 and Co2 across alveolar capillary surface
  25. Perfusion
    Transport gas from alveoli to working cell (blood)
  26. Ceullar respiration
    Gas exchange at cell mitochondria
  27. Expectorant
    Medication/humidifier to assist removal of secretions
  28. Sputum
    Mucoid discharge from respiratory tract
  29. Hemoptysis
    • Blood tinged frothy sputum
    • If bright red=severe problem
  30. Bronchial Sound
    • Heard just over and lateral to manibrium
    • More expiration is heard than inspiration
  31. Vesicular sound
    • Soft and low pitch
    • Heard more at inspiration
    • Position ?
  32. Bronchovesicular sound
    • Between 1st and 2nd intercostal or between scaps
    • Equal sounding expiration/inspiration
  33. Normal RR at rest
    1 sec in and 2 sec out
  34. Crackling (rales)
    light, bubbly, clicking when air is opening in closed spaces
  35. Rhonchi
    Deep harsh like snoring sound
  36. Wheezing
    High pitched during exhalation in LRT
  37. Stridor
    Wheezing like noise during inhalation in URT
  38. Eupnea
    • Normal
    • 10-18 bpm
  39. Dyspnea
    Subjective breathing discomfort
  40. Orthopnea
    Lying down SoB
  41. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    • Acute
    • Wake up coughing/gasping
  42. Apnea
    No breathing
  43. Clubbing
    Firm fibrotic enlargement of fingertips
  44. Acid-base imbalance
    • Acidosis from increase Co2 (decreased expiration)
    • Alkylosis from increase O2

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