Community Policing Ch 9
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what has traditionally been the most commonly implemented Crime prevention programs?
- street lighting programs,
- property marking projects,
- security survey projects,
- citizen patrol projects,
- crime reporting, neighborhood-watch, or block projects
What types of special crime watches have been used?
Mobile Crime Watch, Youth Crime Watch, Business crime watch, apartment watch, Realtor watch, and Carrier Alert
what organizations have concentrated their efforts on community crime prevention?
Citizen Crime prevention associations, Crime Stoppers, And MADD
how have volunteers been used in crime prevention?
Volunteers may serve in a Crime prevention Capacity as reserve officers, auxiliary patrol, or community service officers or on an as-needed basis.
What traditional programs for youths have promoted positive police-community relations and enhanced crime prevention efforts?
Common programs aimed at youths include the MCgruff "take a BiteOut of Crime" campaign, police athletic leagues (pals), officer friendly, police explorers, police-school liaison programs, and the DARE programs.
what is a a police-school liaison program?
what are its dual goals?
Places an officer in a School to work with school authorities, parents, and students to prevent crime and antisocial behavior and to improve police-youth relationships
The joints Goals of most police-school Liaison programs are to to prevent juvenile delinquency and to improve police-youth relations.
What has traditionally been the most common strategies used in community policing?
traditionally were Foot patrol, newsletters, and community organizing
What was demonstrated in studies of community policing in flint?
- Flints Neighborhood Foot Patrol Program Appeared to:
- Decease Crime, increased general Citizen satisfaction with foot patrol program, reduce citizens' fear of crime, and create a positive perception of the foot patrol officers
Newark: Residents reported positive results, whereas business owners reported negative results
Oakland: resulted in a substantial drop in the rate of crime against individuals and their property.
San Diego: officers became more service oriented, increased their non-law enforcement contacts with citizens, and had a more positive attitude toward police-community relations.
Houston: didn't have positive results. the program backfired, with Hispanics and Asians experiencing an increase in fear. Contact was primarily with white homeowners rather than minority renters.
Boston: found no statistically significant relationship between changes in the level of foot patrol provided and the number of calls for service
Baltimore County: reduced fear of crime by 10 percent and crime itself by 12 percent in target neighborhoods.
what was demonstrated in studies of community crime prevention programs in Seattle, Portland, and Hartford?
Seattle: used property identification home security checks, and neighborhood block watches to significantly reduce the residential burglary rate as well as the number of burglary in progress calls
Portland: anti-burglary program succeeded in reducing the burglary rate for those who participated.
Hartford: restructured the neighborhood's physical environment, changed the way patrol officers were assigned, organized the neighborhood in an effort to reduce crime and fear of crime
What the CPTED Commercial Demonstration Project in Portland found?
Coordinated effort among law enforcement, courts and corrections is required to effectively deal with the crime problem and to elicit the support of the community in doing so
What Components of the criminal justice system can help reduce the crime problem?
A Coordinated effort among law enforcement, courts, and corrections is required to effectively deal with the crime problem and to elicit the support of the community in doing so.
What court-based approaches have proved effective?
Model court programs also involving the police include community dispute resolution centers and a deferred prosecution/first offenders unit.
how successful was the McGruff the crime dog national Campaign?
the public favorably received the "McGruff" format and content, and the Campaign had a sizable impact on what people know and do about crime prevention
what are the characteristics of several exemplary police-community strategy?
Eighteen model programs shared the following characteristics.
- The programs:
- 1)Focused on causes of crime
- 2)build on community strengths
- 3)incorporated natural support systems.
- 4)Had an identifiable group of clients
- 5)targeted those who were less affluent
- 6)had clearly stated goals and well-defined procedures.
- 7)had sufficient resources.
- 8)Had a strong leader
What might impediments hinder implementing community policing?
- Impediments to implementing innovative community-oriented policing include:
- 1)the powerful pull of tradition
- 2)Substantial segments of the public not wanting the police to change.
- 3)Unions that contiune to be skeptical of innovation.
- 4) The Cost of innovation.
- 5)lack Of Vision on the part of police executives
- 6)police Departments' inability to evaluate their own effectiveness
- Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design-
- altering the physical environment to enhance safety, reduce the incidence and fear of crime, and improve the quality of life.
(such as deterring crime because of street lights)
Vocab: Guardian Angels
Private Citizen patrols -who seek to deter crime and to provide a positive role model for young children
Police Athletic League - developed to provide opportunities for youths to interact with police officers in gyms or ballparks instead of in a juvenile detention hall.
Vocab: Police-school liaison program
Places an officer in a school to work with school authorities, parents, and students to prevent crime and antisocial behavior and to improve police-youth relationships.
Drug Abuse Resistance Education-
a program aimed at elementary - age school children, seeking to teach them to "say no to drugs"
Vocab: Empirical Study
Research based on observation or practical experience.
Public Service Announcements
Vocab: Qualitative Evaluations
Assessments that are more descriptive and less statistical than empirical studies; the opposite of quantitative evaluation.
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