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2009-12-07 10:41:03
pharm test #7

Pharmacology Test #7
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  1. If the cancer has a high ____________ ___________ they respond well to anticancer drug therapy.
    growth fraction
  2. The action of these drugs decrease intestinal motility, thereby, decreasing peristalsis. Constipation is a common side effect. It can be classified also as an anticholinergic.
  3. Term for programmed cell death due to chemotherapy.
  4. You should allow how many minutes between instillation of an carbonic anhydrase inhibitor and another medication?
  5. This prostaglandin analog is effective for the prevention and treatment of peptic ulcers caused by NSAID therapy.
  6. This topical antiinfective is used to prevent and treat infection of second and third degree burns. Excessive use or extensive application may cause sula crystals (crystalluria).
  7. This type of isolation is used when the client has neutropenia.
  8. This type of laxative are natural fibrous substances that promote large, soft stools by absorbing water into the intestine, increasing fecal bulk and peristalsis.
  9. This group of antiemetics act by inhibiting the CTZ. An ex is Compazine.
  10. Bisacodyl (Dulcolax) is what type of a laxative? SE: nausea, abdominal cramps, reddish brown urine.
  11. Trade name for a drug used to treat severe cystic acne. Clients should have baseline blood work, 2 negative pregnancy tests before starting the medication. The client must review iPledge educational materials.
  12. Sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate are systemically absorbed and may result in excess acid secretion called this term.
    acid rebound
  13. Term for low platelet count. Symptoms may include petechiae, bruising, bleeding of gums, ecchymosis.
  14. This disorder is a side effect of chemotherapy. Symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, and pallor.
  15. This antigas agent is found in many antacids, including Mylanta II, Maalox Plus and Gelusil II.
  16. Term for a glycoprotein produced by the kidneys that stimulates RBC production in response to hypoxia. This drug is given to treat anemia secondary to cancer chemotherapy. SE: headaches and hypertension.
  17. The chief side effect of this medication (trade name) include serious fluid retention which include shortness of breath, pallor and fatigue.
  18. This receptor antagonist suppresses nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis. An ex is Zofran
  19. Clients taking sorafenib should be monitored for this side effect especially during the first 6 weeks of therapy.
  20. To prevent systemic absorption of eye drops, the nurse should apply pressure to this duct.
  21. This type of laxative increase peristalsis by irritating sensory nerve endings in the intestinal mucosa.
  22. This H2 antagonist acts by inhibiting histamine at the H2 receptor site. It is effective in treating gastric and duodenal ulcers.
  23. This class of drugs are used to paralyze the muscles of accommodation in the eye. It is contraindicated in clients with glaucoma.
  24. This type of laxative is hyperosmolar. Electrolytes should be monitored to avoid electrolyte imbalance. It works by pulling water into the bowel. It results in a soft to watery stool with some cramping. GoLytely is an ex of this type of laxative.
  25. Common side effect of Amphojel (aluminum hydroxide).
  26. If the cancer can no longer be controlled, this type of treatment is given to relieve symptoms associated with the disease.
  27. Clients being treated with bevacizumab should be monitored for nephrotic syndrome which is indicated by this side effect.
  28. Generic name for a drug used to treat male pattern baldness. SE: headaches and a slight decrease in systolic B/P.
  29. Generic name for a drug used to treat psoriasis. It is a systemic antimetabolite drug. Clients should avoid sunlight during drug therapy because sunlight could cause burning or blistering.
  30. You are administering ear drops to a 1 year old child. How should you pull the ear?
    down and back
  31. Predisposing factors to this type of ulcer disease are hypersecretion of acid and pepsin. It may appear in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum.
  32. Generic name for an anticholinergic agent that inhibits gastric secretions. It is prescribed for ulcer treatment.
    propantheline bromine
  33. This term for an adverse reaction to plant alkaloids includes the following symptoms such as numbness and/or tingling of the fingers & toes, decrease in muscular strength, constipation.
  34. The most serious SE from chemotherapy affects the hemopoetic system causing anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia.
    bone marrow
  35. This life threatening adverse reaction to drug induced dermatitis may result in red blisters over a large portion of the body.
    erythema multiforme
  36. This SE is a major complication of tetracycline. Clients should use approved suntan lotion and wear a hat and clothing over exposed skin areas in direct sunlight to avoid it.
  37. This class of chemotherapy agents inhibit the formation of blood vessels needed for tumor growth and metastasis. An ex is bevacizumab.
    angiogenesis inhibitors
  38. The action of this class of meds is to lower the IOP, thereby, increasing blood flow to the retina and decreasing retinal damage and vision loss. It is used to decrease IOP in glaucoma.
  39. Name for drugs used to induce vomiting only when the substance is unknown.
  40. This is the term for decrease WBCs which can cause the client to become more susceptible to infections.
  41. This type of therapy is used to treat progressive prostatic cancer and breast cancer (postmenopausal women) by suppressing tumor growth.
  42. Clients taking this class of meds should avoid taking sedatives, tranquilizers and other narcotics. It may cause CNS depression. Also monitor frequency of bowel movements and bowel sounds.
  43. Abbreviation for a class of chemotherapy agents that decrease the length of posttreatment neutropenia thereby reducing the incidence and duration of infection.
  44. Abbreviation for a group of meds that suppress gastric acid secretion by inhibiting the hydrogen/potassium adenosine triphoshpatase enzyme system. An ex is Prilosec
  45. Abbreviation for a disease, also called reflux esophagitis, which is caused by an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter. Nonpharmacologic measures to control or prevent its recurrence would be to promote weight loss if obese, do not lie down flat after eating and avoid hot spicy foods.
  46. This type of diarrhea is usually caused by E. Coli. It can also be called Montezuma's revenge. It can be reduced by drinking bottled water, washing fruit, and eating cooked vegetables.
  47. This group of meds promote ulcer healing by neutralizing HCL and reducing pepsin activity. They do not coat the ulcer. An ex is Mylanta II. Ideal dosing is - hrs after meals and at bedtime
  48. Abbreviation for class of drugs used to enhance the body's immune system. Need to teach client to report weight loss and signs of infection of bleeding to physician.
  49. This emetic should be taken with a glass of water and not with milk or carbonated beverages.