Chapter 1

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Anonymous
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242410
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Chapter 1
Updated:
2013-10-23 15:57:17
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ICD 10
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Description:
Intro to ICD-10
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  1. combining forms
    the "subjects" of most terms
  2. Suffixes
    word parts that appear at the end of a term. Used to indicate whether the term is anatomic, pathologic, or procedural terms.
  3. prefixes
    word parts that appear at the beginning of a term. Used to further define the absence, location, number, quantity, or state of the term.
  4. Decodable Terms
    those terms that can be broken into their Greek and Latin word parts and given a working definition based on the meaning of those word parts.
  5. Decodable Term word parts
    • -combining form (word root) (combining vowel)
    • suffix
    • prefix
  6. nondecodable terms
    words used in medicine whose definitions must be memorized without the benefit of word parts.
  7. cataract
    progressive loss of transparency of the lens.
  8. asthma
    respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of paraxysmal dyspnea (difficulty breathing)
  9. Diagnosis
    a disease or condition that is determined by an evaluation.
  10. prognosis
    a prediction of the probable outcome of a disease or disorder
  11. Sequela
    a condition that results from an injury or disease. Referred to in coding as "late effect".
  12. acute
    abrupt, severe onset of a disease
  13. chronic
    developing slowly and lasting a long time
  14. sign
    OBJECTIVE finding of a disease state (fever, BP, rash)
  15. symptom
    SUBJECTIVE report of a disease (pain, itching)
  16. syndrome
    a group of signs and symptoms that consistently appear together
  17. etiology
    the cause of a disease
  18. manifestation
    an outward demonstration or perception. (signs and symptoms are manifestations of a disease)
  19. eponyms
    terms that are named after a person or place associated with the term. (alzheimer's disease, achilles tendon)
  20. abbreviations
    terms that have been shortened to letters and/or numbers for the sake of convenience.
  21. symbols
    graphic representations of a term.
  22. simple abbreviations
    • a combination of letters and sometimes numbers
    • IM (intramuscular)
    • C2 (second cervical vertebra)
  23. Acronyms
    abbreviations that are also pronouncable

    • CABG
    • TURP
    • AIDS
  24. arthr/o
    joint
  25. gastr/o
    stomach
  26. opthalm/o
    eye
  27. -algia
    pain
  28. -tomy
    cutting
  29. -scope
    instrument to view
  30. ot/o
    ear
  31. rhin/o
    nose
  32. hepat/o
    liver
  33. -logy
    study of
  34. -plasty
    surgical forming
  35. -itis
    inflammation
  36. if suffix starts with a vowel
    combining vowel is NOT needed to join the parts
  37. if suffix starts with a consonant
    combining vowel is needed to join the two word parts
  38. combining form ends with same vowel that begins suffix
    drop one of the vowels
  39. if two or more combining forms are used in a term
    combining vowel is retained between the two, regardless of whether the second combining form begins with a vowel or a consonant.
  40. -icle
    • small
    • tiny
  41. -is
    • structure 
    • thing
  42. -ole
    • small
    • tiny
  43. -ule
    • small 
    • tiny
  44. -um
    • structure
    • thing
    • membrane
  45. -y
    • condition
    • process of
  46. adjective suffixes
    usually mean "pertaining to"
  47. -ac
    pertaining to
  48. -al
    pertaining to
  49. -ar
    pertaining to
  50. -ary
    pertaining to
  51. -eal
    pertaining to
  52. -ic
    pertaining to
  53. -ous
    pertaining to
  54. pathology suffixes
    describe a disease process or a sign or symptom.
  55. -algia
    pain
  56. -cele
    herniation
  57. -dynia
    pain
  58. -emia
    blood condition
  59. -ia
    condition
  60. -itis
    inflammation
  61. -malacia
    softening
  62. -megaly
    enlargement
  63. -oma
    tumor
  64. -osis
    abnormal condition
  65. -pathy
    disease process
  66. -ptosis
    • prolapse
    • drooping
  67. -rrhage
    -rrhagia
    bursting forth
  68. -rrhea
    • discharge
    • flow
  69. -rrhexis
    rupture
  70. -sclerosis
    • abnormal condtion of 
    • hardening
  71. -stenosis
    • abnormal condition of
    • narrowing
  72. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  73. -desis
    binding
  74. -ectomy
    cutting out
  75. -graphy
    recording
  76. -metry
    measuring
  77. -opsy
    viewing
  78. -pexy
    • suspension
    • fixation
  79. -plasty
    surgically forming
  80. -rrhaphy
    suturing
  81. -scopy
    viewing
  82. -stomy
    making a new opening
  83. -tripsy
    crushing
  84. -graph
    instrument to record
  85. -meter
    insturment to measure
  86. -scope
    instrument to view
  87. -tome
    instrument to cut
  88. -tripter
    machine to crush
  89. -trite
    instrument to crush
  90. a-
    • no
    • not
    • without
  91. an-
    • no
    • not
    • without
  92. ante-
    • forward
    • in front of
    • before
  93. anti-
    against
  94. dys-
    • abnormal 
    • difficult
    • bad
    • painful
  95. endo-
    end-
    within
  96. epi-
    • above
    • upon
  97. hyper-
    • excessive
    • above
  98. hypo-
    • below
    • deficient
  99. inter-
    between
  100. intra-
    within
  101. neo-
    new
  102. par-
    • near
    • beside
  103. para-
    • near
    • beside
    • abnormal
  104. per-
    through
  105. peri-
    • surrounding
    • around
  106. poly-
    • many
    • much
    • excessive
    • frequent
  107. post-
    • after
    • behind
  108. pre-
    • before
    • in front of
  109. sub-
    • under
    • below
  110. trans-
    • through
    • across

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