Chapter 12 AP Gov Flashcards

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Chapter 12 AP Gov Flashcards
2013-10-23 18:12:48
Chapter 12 AP Gov Flashcards

Chapter 12 AP Gov Flashcards
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  1. Parliamentary System
    a system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president
  2. Presidential Ticket
    the joint listing of the presidential and vice presidential candidates on the same ballot as required by the Twelfth Amendment
  3. Vesting Clause
    the president's constitutional authority to control most executive functions
  4. Treaty
    a formal, public agreement between the United States and one or more nations that must be approved by two-thirds of the Senate
  5. Executive Agreement
    a formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval
  6. Congressional-Executive Agreement
    a formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that requires approval by both Houses of Congress
  7. Recess appointment
    Presidential appointment made without Senate confirmation during Senate recess
  8. Veto
    a formal decision to reject a bill passed by Congress
  9. Pocket Veto
    A formal decision to reject a bill passed by Congress after it adjourns- if Congress adjourns during the ten days that the president allowed in order to sign or veto a law, the president can reject the law by taking no action at all
  10. Take Care Clause
    The constitutional requirement (Article II, Section 3) that presidents take care that the laws are faithfully executed, even if they disagree with the purpose of those laws
  11. Inherent Powers
    Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
  12. State of the Union Address
    the president's annual statement to Congress and the nation
  13. Impeachment
    a formal accusation against the president or another public official; the first step in removal from office
  14. Executive Privilege
    the right to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security
  15. Executive Orders
    Formal orders issued by the president to direct action by the Federal Bureaucracy
  16. Impoundment
    A decision by the president not to spend money appropriated by Congress, now prohibited under federal law
  17. Line Item Veto
    Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
  18. Signing Statements
    A formal document that explains why a president is signing a particular bill into law.  These statements may contain objections to the bill and promises not to implement key sections
  19. Chief of Staff
    the head of the White House staff
  20. Executive Office of the President
    the cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities.  Currently the office includes the Office Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers and several other units
  21. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    A presidential staff agency that serves as a clearinghouse for budgetary requests and management improvements for government agencies
  22. Cabinet
    The advisory council for the president, consisting of the heads of the executive departments, the vice president, and a few other officials selected by the president
  23. Presidential Support Score
    The percentage of times a president wins on key votes in Congress
  24. Mandate
    a president's claim of broad public support
  25. Rally Point
    a rise in public approval of the president that follows a crisis as Americans rally around the flag and the chief executive