Med Term Ch 11 Cardiovascular system

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gatorlea92
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Med Term Ch 11 Cardiovascular system
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2013-10-23 18:41:26
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cardiovascular system med term eku hsa 200
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med term ch 11 cardiovascular system
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  1. aorta
    The largest artery in the body
  2. apex of the heart
    The lower tip of the heart
  3. arteriole
    A small artery
  4. artery
    The largest type of blood vessel; carries   blood away from the heart to all parts   of the body
  5. atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
    Specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricles and transmitting electrical impulses between them
  6. atrioventricular node (AV node)
    Specialized tissue in the wall between atria; electrical impulses pass from pacemaker through AV node and bundle of His toward ventricles
  7. atrium (plural: atria)
    One of two upper chambers of the heart
  8. capillary
    The smallest blood vessel
  9. carbon dioxide (CO2)
    Waste gas released by body cells, transported via veins to the heart, and then to lungs for exhalation
  10. coronary arteries
    Blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle
  11. deoxygenated blood
    Oxygen-poor blood
  12. diastole
    Relaxation phase of the heartbeat
  13. electrocardiogram
    Record of the electricity flowing through the heart
  14. endocardium
    Inner lining of the heart
  15. endothelium
    Innermost lining of blood vessels
  16. mitral valve
    Valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; bicuspid valve
  17. murmur
    Abnormal swishing sound caused by improper closure of heart valves
  18. myocardium
    Muscular, middle layer of the heart
  19. normal sinus rhythem
    Heart rhythm originating in sinoatrial node with resting rate of 60-100 beats/min
  20. oxygen
    Gas carried by the blood from the lungs to the heart to be pumped via arteries to all body cells
  21. pacemaker (sinoatrial node)
    Specialized nervous tissue in the right atrium that begins the heartbeat
  22. pericardium
    Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart
  23. pulmonary artery
    Artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
  24. pulmonary circulation
    Flow of blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart
  25. pulmonary valve
    Valve positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
  26. pulmonary vein
    Carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
  27. pulse
    The beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries
  28. septum (plural:septa)
    A partition or wall dividing a cavity, such as that between the right and left atria and right and left ventricles
  29. sinoatrial node (SA node)
    The pacemaker of the heart
  30. sphygmomanometer
    An instrument to measure blood pressure
  31. systemic circulation
    Flow of blood from body tissue to the heart and back
  32. systole
    The contraction phase of the heartbeat
  33. tricuspid valve
    Located between the right atrium and right ventricle; has three leaflets or cusps
  34. valve
    A structure in veins or in the heart that temporarily closes an opening so blood flows in only one direction
  35. vein
    A thin-walled vessel that carries blood from body tissues and lungs back to the heart; contains valves to prevent the backflow of blood
  36. vena cava (plural: venae cavae)
    The largest vein in the body; superior and inferior venae cavae return blood to the right atrium of heart
  37. ventricle
    One of two lower chambers of the heart
  38. venule
    A small vein
  39. angi/o
    vessel
  40. aort/o
    aorta
  41. arter/o
    arteri/o
    artery
  42. ather/o
    yellowish plaque
  43. atri/o
    atrium
  44. brachi/o
    arm
  45. cardi/o
    heart
  46. cholesterol/o
    cholesterol
  47. coron/o
    heart
  48. cyan/o
    blue
  49. myx/o
    mucus
  50. ox/o
    oxygen
  51. pericardi/o
    pericardium
  52. phleb/o
    vein
  53. sphygm/o
    pulse
  54. steth/o
    chest
  55. thromb/o
    clot
  56. valvul/o
    valv/o
    valve
  57. vas/o
    vessel
  58. vascul/o
    vessel
  59. ven/o
    ven/i
    vein
  60. ventricul/o
    ventricle
  61. pulmon/o
    lung
  62. rrhythm/o
    rhythem
  63. sphygm/o
    pulse
  64. steth/o
    chest
  65. -constriction
    narrowing
  66. -dilation
    widening, stretching, expanding
  67. -emia
    blood condition
  68. -graphy
    process of recording
  69. -lysis
    breakdown, separation, destruction, loosening
  70. -graphy
    process of recording
  71. -megaly
    enlargement
  72. -meter
    measure
  73. -oma
    tumor, mass, fluid collection
  74. -osis
    condition
  75. -plasty
    surgical repair
  76. -sclerosis
    hardening
  77. -stenosis
    tightening
  78. -tomy
    process of cutting
  79. a-
    an-
    no, not, without
  80. brady-
    slow
  81. de-
    lack of, down, less, removal of
  82. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
  83. endo-
    within, in
  84. hyper-
    above, excessive
  85. hypo-
    deficient, below, under, less than normal
  86. inter-
    between
  87. peri-
    surrounding
  88. tachy-
    fast
  89. tetra-
    four
  90. tri-
    three

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