Med Term Ch 12

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gatorlea92
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242448
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Med Term Ch 12
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2013-10-23 19:09:44
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med term hsa 200 respiratory system eku
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ch 12 respiratory system med term
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  1. adenoids
    lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tissue
  2. alveolus (plural: alveoli)
    Air sac in the lung
  3. apex of the lung
    Tip or uppermost portion of the lung
  4. base of the lung
    The lower portion of the lung
  5. bronchioles
    The smallest branches of the bronchi
  6. bronchus (plural: bronchi)
    The branch of the trachea (windpipe) that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube
  7. carbon dioxide (CO2)
    Gas produced by body cells when oxygen and carbon atoms from food combine; exhaled through the lungs
  8. cilia
    Thin hairs attached to mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
  9. diaphragm
    Muscle separating the chest and abdomen; contracts to pull air into lungs; relaxes to push air out
  10. epiglottis
    Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx; keeps food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing
  11. expiration
    Breathing out (exhalation)
  12. glottis
    Slit-like opening to the larynx
  13. hilum (of lung)
    Midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
  14. inspiration
    Breathing in (inhalation)
  15. larynx
    Voicebox; contains the vocal cords
  16. lobe
    Division of a lung
  17. mediastinum
    The region between lungs in the chest cavity; contains the trachea, heart, lymph nodes, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes
  18. nares
    Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities
  19. oxygen (O2)
    Gas that makes up 21% of air; passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
  20. palatine tonsil
    One of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
  21. paranasal sinus
    One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
  22. parietal pleura
    Outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
  23. pharynx
    The throat; including the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
  24. pleura
    Double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
  25. pleural cavity
    Space between the folds of the pleura
  26. pulmonary parenchyma
    Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
  27. respiration
    The process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing
  28. trachea
    windpipe
  29. visceral pluera
    Inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
  30. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  31. alveol/o
    alveolus, air sac
  32. bronch/o
    bronchial tube
  33. bronchi/o
    bronchial tube
  34. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole, small bronchus
  35. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  36. coni/o
    dust
  37. cyan/o
    blue
  38. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  39. laryng/o
    larynx, voice box
  40. lob/o
    lobe of the lung
  41. mediastin/o
    mediastinum
  42. nas/o
    nose
  43. orth/o
    straight, upright
  44. ox/o
    oxygen
  45. pector/o
    chest
  46. pharyng/o
    pharynx, throat
  47. phon/o
    voice
  48. phren/o
    diaphragm
  49. pleur/o
    pleura
  50. pneum/o
    pneumon/o
    air, lung
  51. pulmon/o
    lung
  52. rhin/o
    nose
  53. sinus/o
    sinus cavity
  54. spir/o
    breathing
  55. tel/o
    complete
  56. thorac/o
    chest
  57. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  58. trache/o
    trachea, windpipe
  59. -ema
    condition
  60. -osmia
    smell
  61. -pnea
    breathing
  62. -ptysis
    spitting
  63. -sphyxia
    pulse
  64. -thorax
    pleural cavity, chest
  65. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  66. alveol/o
    alveolus, air sac, small sac
  67. bronch/o
    bronchial tube
  68. bronchi/o
    bronchial tube
  69. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole
  70. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  71. coni/o
    dust
  72. cyan/o
    blue
  73. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  74. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  75. lob/o
    lobe
  76. mediastin/o
    mediastinum
  77. nas/o
    nose
  78. orth/o
    straight
  79. ox/o
    oxygen
  80. prector/o
    chest
  81. pharyng/o
    throat
  82. phon/o
    sound
  83. phren/o
    diaphragm; mind
  84. pleur/o
    pleura
  85. pneum/o
    pneumon/o
    lung; air; gas
  86. pulmon/o
    lung
  87. rhin/o
    nose
  88. sinus/o
    sinus
  89. spir/o
    to breathe
  90. tel/o
    complete
  91. thorac/o
    chest
  92. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  93. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  94. -ema
    condition
  95. -osmia
    smell
  96. -pnea
    breathing
  97. -ptysis
    spitting
  98. -sphyxia
    pulse
  99. -thorax
    chest; pleural cavity

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