bio

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jillyfish365
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242478
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bio
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2013-10-23 21:18:33
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Bio test 2
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  1. Metabolism
    all reactions that occur in the body
  2. Anabolism
    building molecules
  3. Catobolism
    taking big molecules and breaking them down
  4. Enzymes
    catolysts that are found in organisms. They are subtrate specific.
  5. substrate specific
    don't catalyze any reaction. Only certain ones
  6. Denature
    Unraveling of a structure when temperature gets to high.
  7. Digestion
    taking molecules and breaking them down into building blocks.
  8. Apoenzyme
    is the protein of an enzyme.
  9. Cofactor
    a part of an enzyme. It is a non-protein.
  10. Holoeenzyme
    cofactor and apoenzyme
  11. Coenzyme
    small organic molecule, usually derived from a vitamin, that is needed to make an enzyme catolytically active. It acts by accepting enzymes from a reaction and transferring them to a different reaction.
  12. Cellular Respiration
    a process in which the cell uses oxygen to oxydize organic fuel molecules, thus providing a source of energy (ATP) as well as carbon dioxide and water.
  13. Glucose Catabolism
    Glycolysisi, Krebs Cycle, Electron transport chain
  14. Glycolysis
    Takes place in the cytososel. The endproduct is pyruvic acid.
  15. Aerobic
    metabolism involves oxygen
  16. anaerobic
    metabolism doesn't use oxygen
  17. Pinocytosis
    taking in liquids
  18. endocytosis
    taking in material
  19. antiport
    takes in 2 directions
  20. synport
    takes in same direction
  21. contransport
    transporting 2 same direction
  22. Electron Transport Chain
    found in the innermitochondria membrane. It produces ATP and water. It is a serries of oxydization. It also passes electrongs to one component to another
  23. Glycogen
    storage form of glucose. Is stored in the liver and muscles
  24. Triglycerides
    fat
  25. Triglycerides can turn into what?
    glycerol or fatty acid. They both go through the krebs cycle.
  26. Type 1 Diabetes
    insulin production lessons or stops. Can't get glucose into the cells.
  27. Connective Tissue
    surrounds organs and binds everything together.
  28. What are the types of connective tissue?
    Loose, Dense, Cartilage, bone, blood
  29. Protein fibers
    give connective tissue a specific property.
  30. what are the types of protein fibers?
    cologen, elastic, and reticular
  31. Ground substance
    made of organic and inorganic chemicals. It is inter-cellular substance
  32. What are the parts of the Cardiovascular system
    Blood, heart, and blood vessels
  33. what is the function of blood
    it is a transport medium. It transports nutrients, cellular waste, osygen, carbon dioxide, hormones. It is important in maintaining body PH and temperature. It is also involved in immunity.
  34. Characteristics of blood
    It makes up 8-10% of body weight. It is bright red and dark red at certain points.
  35. What does the color of the blood indicate?
    If it is a bright red it indicates that there is a high concentration of oxyhemoglobin. If it is dark there is a low concentration.
  36. Components of blood
    • Plasma=55%
    • Formed Elements=45%
  37. plasma
    91% water, 7% protein, and 2% solutes.
  38. Formed Elements in blood
    Erythrocyte, Luekocytes, and Platelets
  39. Erythrocyte
    RBC make up 99% of formed elements. It has a biconcave shape, no nucleus or mitochondria. Its 1/2life is 120 days and contains hemogloen
  40. Why is a Erythrocyte biconcave?
    it increases flexibility and surface area
  41. hemogloben
    is a complex protein structure made of 4 polypeptide chains.
  42. Luekocytes
    WBC have nucleus and mitochondria. They are also capable of diapedsis. Involved in the Immune process.
  43. Diapedsis
    the ability for a cell to have movement
  44. Platelets
    Thrombocytes are not a true cell. They are biconvec in shape. They have granuals in the center. They have no nucleus, but some organelles. They are fragments of cells.
  45. Hemopoeisis
    is the process of making blood cells.
  46. Hemocytoplast
    is a cell that can form any cell in the blood.
  47. Connective tissue
    They are made of protein fibers,cells, and ground substance.
  48. What cells make up connective tissue?
    plasma, macrophages, and fibroblasts
  49. Loose connective tissue
    Is a fat tissue. The cells that make up connective tissues are big fat inclusions.
  50. Brown Fat
    High number of mitochondria. Found in fetuses
  51. Loose connective tissue
  52. Reticular Connective Tissue
    makes frame work of structures
  53. Reticular Connective Tissue
  54. Dense Connective Tissue
    Have alot of protein. Dense colaginous
  55. Regular Dense Connective Tissue
    Cologen fibers all run one way
  56. Iregular Dense Connective Tissues
    Cologen fibers are running in all directions
  57. Regular Dense Connective Tissue
  58. Irregular dense connective tissue
  59. Elastic Connective Tissue
    found int the arteries. It is stretch and flexible
  60. Elastic Connective Tissue
  61. Cartilage
    The condrocytes are in lucana. Make up the ear and part of the nose
  62. Hyaine Cartilage
    flexible
  63. Fibrocartilage
    has cologin in it. It is strong and resistant. It is also found between the virtebrae.
  64. Elastic cartilage
    It can stretch and recoil
  65. elastic cartilage
  66. fibrocartilage
  67. Hyline Cartilage

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