Imperialism/WWI

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adriana321
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242508
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Imperialism/WWI
Updated:
2013-10-24 23:22:50
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History WWI Imperialism
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Imperialism/WWI
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  1. Reasons for Expansion Late 19th Century
    • 1. Commercial/Business Interests 
    • sell products throughout the world
    • 2. Military/Strategic Interests
    • Alfred T. Mahan- naval historian
    • 3. Social Darwinist Thinking
    • Hierarchy of Race- some races are more fit
    • White Man's Burden- Rudyard Kipling; whites have the burden to civilize and educate non-whites
    • 4. Religious/Missionary Interests
    • missionaries abroad
    • 5. Closing the American Frontier
    • New Manifest Destiny- expand more= America's destiny
  2. Spanish American War Causes
    • Spanish Misrule in Cuba
    • ruled by Spain
    • rebelling against Spain
    • "Yellow Journalism"/ Jingoism
    • Joseph Pulitzer/ William Hearst
    • took the truth but stretched it to evoke emotional responses
    • Jingoism- rep. pushing for war w/ Spain
    • De Lome Letter- Spanish Ambassador to the USA
    • -criticizes McKinley
    • Remember The Maine
    • - USS Maine ship docked in Havana harbor
    • - explodes and sinks
    • -massive death toll
    • -final straw
  3. Effects of Spanish American War
    • Treaty of Paris(1898)
    • -Cuba freed from Spanish rule
    • - Spain gave up Puerto Rico and Guam
    • - US paid $20 mil. for Philippines
  4. Roosevelt
    • The Big Stick Policy
    • - military/naval based
    • -don't mess with USA
    • Roosevelt Corollary(Monroe Doctrine)(1905)
    • -Europeans do not interfere with W. Hemisphere
    • -police of W. Hemisphere
    • Great White Fleet
    • -all naval ships sent on worldwide tour
  5. Taft
    • $ diplomacy
    • financial based
    • investment in Central America
    • use of private capital to further USA interests 
    • stability and order abroad
  6. Wilson
    • Moral Diplomacy
    • spread democracy
    • promote peace
    • 14 points= peace w/o victory
    • -create League of Nations(14th point)
  7. Factors of WWI
    • Nationalism
    • Imperialism
    • Militarism
    • Alliances
  8. Nationalism
    • Nationalism- having pride in country
    • -Pan-German movement: led by Germany, unite all German speaking ppl under 1 flag
    • -Pan-Slavic movement: led by Russia, bring together Slavic ppl
  9. Imperialism
    • wanting land someone else has
    • A-H annexed Bosnia/Herzegovina(angered Bosnia)
    • Russia wanted ice free harbors
    • Germany opposed
    • France wanted Alsace-Lorraine
    • Italy wanted territories from A-H
  10. Militarism
    • glorification of armed forces
    • race to develop stronger weapons than neighbors
    • built up army/navy= arms race
  11. Alliances
    • nations that will protect each other when necessary
    • Triple Alliance: A-H, Germany, Italy
    • Triple Entente: Great Britain, France, Russia
  12. "The Spark"
    • Archduke and wife  assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalists
    • A-H upset w/ Serbia
    • WWI begins due to Dec. of wat between alliances
  13. USA Neutrality→ Entry in WWI
    • 1. loans to Allies
    • 2. British propaganda
    • 3. Submarine warfare: British blockade, Lusitania sunk, Sussex pledge: Germans promise to stop sinking ships, unrestricted subwarfare- no warning of ship sinking by Germany
    • 4. Zimmerman Telegram- tried to convince Mexico to join against USA, intercepted and published
    • 5.Democracy
  14. U.S. Homefront
    • production for war effort
    • Conscription- draft for war
    • War Industries Board- created to coordinate production of war materials
    • Food Administration- Hoover; increases food production while reducing civilian consumption
  15. Battlefield Terms
    • Tench warfare- trenches created 6/7 ft underground; try to reach other country's trench
    • New weapons- tanks, machine guns, chemical weapons
  16. Espionage Act-1917
    makes it illegal to interfere w/ war effort/give aid to the enemy
  17. Sedition Act-1918
    illegal to criticize the government during war time
  18. How WWI altered US Society
    • 1. Committee of Public Information- propaganda
    • 2. Espionage Act
    • 3. Sedition Act
    • 4. War Industries Board
    • 5. Food Administration
    • 6. Conscription
  19. Schenck Case
    Charles Schenck= Socialist that printed/distributed anti-war pamphlets, found guilty of violating Sedition Act
  20. Treaty of Versailles
    • George(GB),Orlando(Italy),Clemenceau(France), Wilson(USA)
    • 1. War Guilt Clause- Germany has to accept blame for WWI
    • -military forces reduced: 
    • -army reduced to 100,000 
    • -no modern weapons,tanks, military air force
    • Navy couldnt have battleships over 10,000 tons, no U-boats
    • 2. Rhineland de-militarized
    • 3. German Nat'l Territory- lost nat'l territory(Belgium,Denmark,Poland)
    • 4. German overseas territories lost
    • 5. Reparations- forced to pay for damages
    • 6. Germany has 2 weeks to sign Treaty or war resumes
    • Ratifying the Treaty causes Germany to join LON
  21. Article X
    collective security article of the League charter
  22. Treaty Debate: Sides
    • Dems.- complete agreement
    • Reservationists- republicans who want Article X to be removed, but otherwise agree
    • Irreconcilables- republicans who completely disagreed and refuse to vote for it
  23. Treaty Debate: Goals
    to have the usa join the LON
  24. Result
    no ratification; no LON

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