embalming

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embalming
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2015-08-10 15:27:26
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  1. a method of obtaining pressure for the injection of arterial fluid is
    a hand pump
  2. which of the following is NOT a method of obtaining pressure for injection of arterial fluid
    hand pimp
    gravity percolator
    hydroaspirator
    pressure machine
    hydroaspirator
  3. an instrument which is inserted into the artery for the introduction of fluid is
    an artery tube
  4. an instrument which may be used to guide an arterial or vein tube into a vessel is the
    groove director
  5. the purpose of embalming analysis is to determine
    the proper embalming technique and chemicals to use
  6. variable factors encountered with every dead body are classified as
    intrinsic or extrinsic
  7. which of the following is NOT a purpose of massage cream

    clean tissues pores
    retard dehydration
    secure the jaws in position
    prevent friction during massage
    secure the jaws in position
  8. which of the following is an extrinsic factor to be considered in embalming a dead body

    pathological condition
    body moisture
    fever
    atmospheric conditions
    atmospheric conditions
  9. a device which extends from some point over the sternum to a point under the chin and is used to support the chin during embalming is called
    chin rest
  10. that method of mouth closure which employs wires attached to small tracks which are inserted into the upper and lower jaw is called
    needle injector
  11. the method of mouth closure employing a suture passed through the septum of the nose and around the mandible is called the
    mandibular suture
  12. if the lips will not stay closed during the embalming operation, they may be held in position be means of

    wet cotton strips
    petroleum jelly
    sutures
    all of these
    all of these
  13. in cases of dental prognathism, you may, after obtaining written permission from the family

    extract the teeth
    realign the teeth
    let the teeth show
    all the above
    all of the above
  14. in the normal eye closure, the eyelids should meet in the
    lower one-third of the orbit
  15. which of the following is NOT a consideration in the selection of the artery and vein for injection and drainage in each case to be embalmed

    accessibility
    size
    effect on posing the body
    race of the individual
    race of the indiviual
  16. the right common carotid begins at the level of the
    sternoclavicular articulation
  17. the common carotid arteries terminate at the level of the
    superior border of the thyroid cartilage
  18. the liner guide for the common carotid artery is from
    sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior surface of the lobe of the ear
  19. the linear guide for the axillary artery is from the
    center of the axillary space parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity
  20. the liner guide for the brachial artery is from the
    center of the base of  the axillary space to the center of the inner bend of the elbow
  21. the linear guide for the radial artery is from the
    center of the antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the index finger
  22. the linear guide for the femoral artery is from the
    center of the inguinal ligament to the center of the medial condyle of the femur
  23. the linear guide for the popliteal artery is from the
    center of the popliteal space parallel to the long axis of the lower extremity
  24. on the surface of the forearm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point btwn the fourth and fifth fingers is the linear guide for the
    ulnar artery
  25. from the center of the popliteal space to a point midway btwn the medial malleolus and the calcaneus bone is the linear guide for the
    posterior tibial aryery
  26. from the center off the anterior surface of the ankle joint to a point btwn the fist and second toe is the linear guide for the
    dorsalis pedis artery
  27. from the lateral border of the patella to the anterior surface of the ankle joint is the linear guide for the
    anterior tibial artery
  28. the anatomical guide for the ___ artery is along the medial border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
    common carotid
  29. the anatomical guide for the ___ artery is posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle
    brachial
  30. through the center of the femoral triangle bordered laterally by the Sartorius muscle and medially by the adductor longus muscle, is the ___artery
    femoral
  31. just behind the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle is the anatomical guide for the ___artery
    axillary
  32. the anatomical guide for the ___artery is just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle
    radial
  33. the ulnar artery lies along the ___border of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle
    lateral
  34. the right___artery is shorter than the left one due to its origin
    subclavian
  35. the ___artery changes its name to femoral and is used in the embalming of an autopsied body
    external iliac
  36. the inferior vena cava is the vein which accompanies the
    descending aorta
  37. in the femoral triangle the femoral artery is bordered laterally by the ___muscle
    sartorius
  38. the femoral artery is bordered medially by the ___muscle
    adductor longus
  39. the femoral artery originates at a point behind the center of the inguinal ligament and terminates at the opening in the ___muscle
    adductor magnus
  40. the ___artery which originates at the opening in the adductor magnus muscle, terminates at the inferior border of the popliteous muscle
    popliteal
  41. the ___artery courses along the lateral margin of the crest of the tibia, passes through the center of the anterior surface of the ankle joint and becomes the doralis pedis artery
    anterior tibial
  42. distention of the body tissues is a complication of
    anasarca
  43. one of the factors to be considered in selecting the artery to be injected is

    age
    weight
    disease
    all of these
    all of these
  44. when using the gravity method of obtaining pressure for injecting arterial fluid, the embalmer can expect to receive approximately ___ pound(s) of pressure per foot of elevation above the point of injection
    1/2
  45. when injecting a body with any mechanical injector, the desired pressure should be
    set before opening the rate of flow
  46. the injection and drainage procedure in which the injection and drainage are accomplished through the same incision is called
    one point
  47. the procedure and injection and drainage in which injection is accomplished at one place and the drainage is taken from another
    split
  48. process of injection and drainage in which both common carotids are raised is referred to as
    restricted cervical
  49. when preparing to embalmer will prepare a solution by adding the concentrated embalming fluid to water in the reservoir of the injection device. this dilution fluid is called
    primary
  50. the secondary dilution of embalming fluid occurs when
    the injection arterial solution mixes with the body fluids
  51. the movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection through the arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules and veins is called
    distribution
  52. the passage of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane form a dilute into a concentrated solution is
    osmosis
  53. the passing of arterial solution through the capillary wall, caused by positive intravascular pressure is
    pressure filtration
  54. the embalmer should remove as much blood from the body as possible to

    diminish secondary dilution
    remove intravascular discoloration
    prevent distention
    all of these
    all of these
  55. the passage of arterial solution from the capillaries into the intercellular spaces is referred to as
    diffusion
  56. the method of drainage in relation to injection in which an amount of arterial fluid is injected and drainage is allow to flow for a period of time, each one separately is the ___ method
    alternate
  57. the method of drainage in relation to injection in which injection is continued and drainage is taken at interval is the ___ method
    intermittent
  58. the method of drainage in relation to injection in which both injection and drainage are allowed to flow freely throughout the operation is the ___ method
    continous
  59. which of the following blood vessels is the origin of the popliteal artery
    femoral artery
  60. those pre-embalming considerations given to the case at hand are called
    case analysis
  61. which of the following is NOT an intrinsic factor to be considered in case analysis

    atmospheric condition
    pathological conditions
    moisture of the tissues
    fever
    atmospheric condition
  62. during embalming, the head should be
    tilted to the right approximately 15 degrees
  63. the amount of HCHO (formaldehyde) measure in grams dissolved in 100 ml of water refers to
    index
  64. chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria and alter tissues so as to  render them less susceptible to decomposition are
    preservatives
  65. chemicals which retard the increase in viscosity of the blood
    anticoagulants
  66. the compound of arterial fluid which is designed to decrease the molecular cohesion at the surface of a liquid is a
    surfactant
  67. a component of arterial fluids which imparts color to a solvent
    dye
  68. chemicals additives that act as moisture retainers in the tissues are termed
    humectants
  69. there is an immediate danger to health and life if exposed to formaldehyde
    100ppm
  70. chemicals additives employed to offset the effects of water with an excessive mineral content are called
    water conditioners
  71. high index fluids generally cause
    definite firming
  72. the action of CH20 (formaldehyde) on protein is termed
    coagulation
  73. one purpose for which cavity fluids would NOT be recommended is
    arterial injection
  74. co-injection fluids are used
    with arterial solutions
  75. which of the following is NOT characteristic of a jaundice fluid
    high formaldehyde content
  76. index is a measure off fluids strength which considers the percentage
    formaldehyde
  77. the hardening agent in hardening compounds in
    plaster of paris
  78. what is a disinfectant and preservative found in hardening compounds
    para-formaldehyde
  79. the maximum average level of exposure to formaldehyde over an eight hr time period
    0.75 ppm
  80. the dilution of concentrated arterial fluid as prepared by the embalmer is called
    primary dilution
  81. the dilution of arterial solutions by the fluids of the body is called the
    secondary dilution
  82. a bronze discoloring develops on the body as a result of
    Addison's disease
  83. the discoloration which is considered to be most permanent is
    postmortem extravascular discoloration
  84. carbon monoxide poisoning results in a ___ discoloration
    cherry red
  85. arterioslerosi is a condition caused by the presence of ___ in the arterial tunics
    calcium deposites
  86. varicose veins is a condition otherwise known as
    varices
  87. which of the following is an example of an intravascular resistance to fluid distribution

    tumors
    pregnancy
    embolism
    weight of viscera
    Embolism
  88. the settling of the blood to the dependent parts of the body is known as
    hypostasis
  89. hemolysis complicates the embalming process because it
    causes a stain
  90. a secondary dilution as related to the embalming operation
    is caused by blood and lymph
  91. an extrinsic variable factor in embalming is

    time lapse btwn death and embalming
    fever
    autolysis
    body weight
    time lapse btwn death and embalming
  92. improper positioning of the head on the headrest may interfere with drainage from the
    jugular vein
  93. an important factor to be considered in case analysis is

    moisture content of tissues
    age
    cause of death
    all of these
    all of these
  94. postmortem staining is an extravascular change in the color of tissues due to
    hemolysis
  95. a postmortem discoloration brought about by the rupture of the red blood cells and a release of their contents into the tissue is
    postmortem stain
  96. an abnormal color appearing in or upon the human body is
    discoloration
  97. the lymph fluid of the body help to promote
    secondary dilution
  98. vascular embalming fluids are injected into the
    arterial sysytem
  99. cosmetics fluids are so called because they contain
    active dyes
  100. perfuming materials are used in embalming fluids because
    they mask the odor of formaldehyde
  101. pH is a measure of the
    degree of acidity or alkalinity
  102. hardening compound is used
    as a preservative and dying agent in autopsied cases
  103. what doses hard water do to the body
    promotes blood clotting
  104. an aneurysm may prove troublesome in embalming because
    if it ruptures, fluid injection will escape from the vascular system
  105. the arterial fluid injected into an edematous body will be
    diluted
  106. in cases where death is accompanied by high fever
    drainage is usually a problem due to increased blood viscosity
  107. clear embalming fluid is usually purged from the nose and mouth during preparation of cases dead of pulmonary tuberculosis because the
    lung capillaries are weakened by disease
  108. one example of an intrinsic  factor in case analysis  is

    religion
    refrigeration
    altitude
    cause of death
    caused of death
  109. which of the following is NOT an intrinsic factor in case analysis

    age
    sex
    weight of the body
    refrigeration
    refrigeration
  110. which of the blood vessels is the origin of the brachial artery
    axillary artery
  111. what is the purpose of pre-embalming analysis
    to prescribe and apply proper embalming techniques
  112. dyes used in arterial fluid which color that fluid in the bottle, but impart no color to the body tissue are
    inactive
  113. what is NOT a component of hardening compounds
    phenol
  114. in what type of case would a high index fluid be recommended
    decomopsition
  115. in case of emaciation, secondary dilution would be
    less than usual
  116. when preparing the primary dilution for an edematous case, the solution should be
    more astringent than usual
  117. any traumatic or pathological change in the structure of the skin is known as
    a lesion
  118. which of the following is an antemortem extravascular blood discoloration
    hematoma
  119. the initial color changes of decomposing tissue is
    yellow-green
  120. the discoloration resulting when HCHO reacts with hemoglobin in the tissues is calleed
    formaldehyde gray
  121. when treating blisters, which of the following is incorrect

    puncture and drain blisters before embalming
    remove loose skin after embalming
    apply sectional embalming
    remove loose integument before embalming
    remove loose integument before embalming
  122. a blister is also known as a
    vesicle
  123. when treating pustular or ulcerative lesions, which of the following should be done 

    aspirate pus from the pustule
    swab pockets of aspirated lesion with disinfectant
    apply surface compresses
    all of these
    all of these
  124. which of the following treatments would NOT be recommended for the treatment of intravascular difficulties

    slow rate of flow under low pressure
    care in raising vessels
    high pressure
    drainage aids
    high pressure
  125. what type of method of injection and drainage is recommended for use in embalming cases which exhibit vascular disorders
    intermittent method
  126. which blood vessels is the origin of the axillary artery
    subclavian artery
  127. the most positive sign of death is
    generalized decomposition
  128. odor, purge, and skin slip are
    signs of decomposition
  129. the first body compounds to decompose are the
    carbohydrates
  130. complete cellular death always ___ somatic death
    follows
  131. which of the  following  is NOT classified as a chemical change

    decomposition
    desiccation
    change in PH
    rigor mortis
    desiccation
  132. in the normal case, the first organ to decompose is the
    lining of the trachea and larynx
  133. what is not a complication of an edematous body
    low moisture content
  134. which of the following is NOT favor dehydration

    anasarca
    hemorrhage
    pulmonary tuberculosis
    tybhoid fever
    anasarca
  135. a condition which  favors edema is
    carbon monoxide poisoning
  136. the self-destruction of sells is known as
    autolysis
  137. a delicate instrument for detecting almost inaudible heart sounds is
    the stethoscope
  138. death beginning by failure of one of the vital organs of the body
    somatic death
  139. rigor mortis is detrimental to the embalming process because it
    retards fluid distribution
  140. the temporary raise in body temp after death is called
    postmortem caloricity
  141. the cooling of the body of a corpulent person would be
    slower
  142. the decomposition of protein by the action of aerobic bacteria is
    decay
  143. the decomposition of protein by the action of anaerobic bacteria is
    putrefaction
  144. the action of formaldehyde on protein is
    coagulation
  145. a condition in which the manifestation of life are feebly maintained is
    apparent death
  146. special cranial cavity treatment is indicated in case of
    meningitis
  147. the normal pH of the living body is
    7.4
  148. the point of entry for the trocar when aspirating the cavities is
    2 inches above and 2 inches to the left of the umbilicus
  149. the first muscle tissue to be affected by rigor mortis is
    eyes
  150. the arterial fluid injected into an edematous body will be
    diluted by the edema
  151. the separation of body compounds into simpler substances is called
    decomposition
  152. which of the following should be used for embalming a case which predisposes to dehydration

    cold water for the dilution
    primary injection
    large volume
    all of these
    all of these
  153. livor mortis is synonymous with
    cadaveric lividity
  154. which one of these is NOT classified as a chemical change

    rigor mortis
    autolysis
    desiccation
    hemolysis
    desiccation
  155. what man established a method of embalming w/o evisceration
    Clauderus
  156. what organ is NOT involved in the tripod of life
    Kidney
  157. the first ppl believed to have practiced cremation were the
    greeks
  158. the Egyptians immersed bodies in
    natron solution
  159. the onset of postmortem changes generally
    hinders the embalming opereration
  160. death beginning at the heart is termed
    syncope
  161. changes occurring in the eyes after death include

    flattening of the eyeballs
    clouding of the cornea
    loss of luster of the conjunctiva
    all of these
    all of these
  162. fatty tissue in a body retard algor mortis because it
    insulates
  163. what is an antemortem extravascular blood discoloration
    ecchymosis
  164. ___ is a condition which predisposes to intravascular difficulties
    arteriosclerosis
  165. which of the following is a prescribed method for securing the calvarium in place

    cements
    calvarium clamps
    needle injector
    all of the above
    all of the above
  166. what is characterized by lung purge
    frothy white color
  167. distention of the body tissue is a complication of
    anasaca
  168. what is not an infectious disease
    hydrocephalus
  169. what is classified as a malformation or deformity

    tumors
    paralytic condition
    mutilations
    all of the above
  170. hydrocele is
    edema of the scrotum
  171. the whip stich is also known as the
    roll stitch
  172. the decomposition of fats occurs by
    lipolysis
  173. with the embalming machine turned on and the rate of flow valve closed, the type of pressure being shown on the pressure gauge is
    potential pressure
  174. factors influencing thee rate of decomposition such as air, environmental temperature and moisture in the atmosphere are known as
    extrinsic factors
  175. damage to the valve of the heart usually occurs in cases with
    endocarditis
  176. what arteries begins at the level of the second costal cartilage
    left common carotid
  177. the focal point in regards to the cavity treatment of a case with tuberculosis is the
    lungs
  178. burns that have blisters that form are classified as
    second degree
  179. which artery extends from the lateral border of the patella to the anterior surface of the ankle
    anterior tibial
  180. the individual who is credited with the discovery of the circulation of blood is
    Dr. William Harvey
  181. the "Father of Embalming" was
    Dr. Frederich Ruysch
  182. who is said to be the "Father of histology"
    Marcello Malpighi
  183. the individual for whom "Hunters Canal" is named is
    John Hunter
  184. the injection of arterial solution at more than one location is referred to as
    multi-point injection
  185. the embalming pressure achieved in gravity embalming is
    0.43 lb/ft
  186. the center of drainage in embalming is the
    right atrium of the heart
  187. what condition creates intravascular resistance to fluid distribution
    vascular disease
  188. what is the first products of decomposition
    amino acids
  189. the optimum temp to promote decomposition is
    99° F
  190. separation of the dermis and the epidermis after death is called
    desquamation
  191. continuous injection of arterial solution with drainage taken at intervals is called
    intermittent
  192. the speed at which the embalming solution enters the body is called
    rate of flow
  193. what substances serves as a solvent for the many ingredient incorporated in an embalming fluid
    vehicle
  194. directing the trocar point toward the intersection of the fifth intercostal space and the left mid-axillary line is the trocar guide for the
    stomach
  195. the passing of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from an area of greater concentration is the definition of
    osmosis
  196. the post mortem evacuation of any substance from any external orifice of the body due to internal and/or external pressure is
    purge
  197. the injection pressure which overcomes the vascular resistance and cause the embalming fluid to enter the arterial system at a moderate and uniform rate is
    ideal
  198. when embalming the autopsy case, what is recommended to be applied to the tissues of the visible part of the body during embalming
    massage cream
  199. when embalming an autopsy case, what would utilized to inject the upper left extremity
    left subclavin
  200. in an exanthematous disease, what would be best describe the skin
    scaling
  201. when embalming the autopsy case, what blood vessels would you utilize to inject the head of the decease
    right and left common carotid
  202. pin-point hemorrhage refers to
    petechia
  203. jaundice is best describe by what color
    yellow
  204. a blood-filled swelling is descriptive of what
    hematoma
  205. the color of cadaveric lividity can best be described by what
    purple
  206. what suture is described as a recommended hidden stich which could be used on a cranial autopsy
    worm
  207. the arterial injection of a jaundice case with normal arterial fluid will likely cause what kind of discoloration
    green
  208. Addison disease generally results in which kind of a discoloration
    bronze
  209. what kind of treatments should be used when intravascular difficulties are manifested during the embalming process
    low pressure, slow rate of flow
  210. what is the proper torso incision made when performing an autopsy
    Y shape
  211. when the pathologist makes an incision for a cranial autopsy, what is the best describes the proper location for the incision to begin
    posterior to the ear
  212. if injecting an infant case by way of the heart, which chamber of the heart is considered most appropriate to insert the arterial tube for the best results
    left ventricle
  213. the science of treating the body chemically, so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition would most appropriately apply to what term
    preservation
  214. the destruction or inhibition of most pathogenic bacteria and their production in or on the body defines what term
    disinfection
  215. the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is a definition of
    restoration
  216. that procedure of disinfection which takes place during the embalming process would correctly apply to what term
    concurrent disifection
  217. that procedure of disinfection following the embalming process to protect the environment would most appropriately apply to what
    terminal disinfection
  218. an embalming chemical which affects the stabilization of the acid-base balance w/i embalming solutions and in the embalming tissues is a(n)
    buffer
  219. a drying of the body or tissue as a result of the removal of moisture (H2O) is
    dehydration
  220. a direct method of drainage accomplished by inserting a trocar into the right atrium of the heart is
    a heart tap
  221. edema w/i  the pleural cavity is
    hydrothorax
  222. a soapy waxy by-product of saponification is
    adipocere
  223. an embalming instrument that is used in raising vessels and for blunt dissection is
    an aneurysm hook
  224. a dead human body which is used for anatomical and scientific study is
    a cadaver
  225. the irreversible total cessation of metabolic activity is known as a
    death
  226. a mixture of formaldehyde gas dissolved in water
    formalin
  227. the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the intercellular spaces or cavities is
    edema
  228. the escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location is
    agonal edema
  229. an embalming instrument used to hypodermically inject areas of the body with embalming chemicals is a
    hypo-valve trocar
  230. death beginning at the brain is termed
    coma
  231. an influential person in medical embalming, who discovered the circulation of blood in 1628 was
    dr.William harvey
  232. the swelling and bursting of the red blood cells is
    hemolysis
  233. the post mortem loss of body heat is
    algor mortis
  234. the mixture of embalming fluid and water which is used in arterial injection is
    arterial solution
  235. any surface, prominence, or structure which is used in establishing the location of an adjacent structure or prominence is an
    anatomical guide
  236. an embalming instrument which is a one piece scalpel used for making incisions and excisions is
    a bistoury
  237. what type of treatments would be used for the embalming of a dehydrated body
    large volume of a dilute solution
  238. an accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is
    ascites
  239. an influential person in medical embalming who was the first to make embalming available to the public is
    Jean Gannal
  240. hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the
    cranium
  241. generalized edema is referred to as
    anasarca
  242. an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the heart sac is
    hydopericaedium
  243. what type of conditions would predispose a dead human body to rapid decomposition
    peritonitis
  244. what is an example of an intravascular ante-mortem blood discoloration
    carbon monoxide posioning
  245. a discoloration that appears on the body during life is considered
    ante-mortem
  246. a discoloration that appears on the body after death is
    post mortem
  247. a long hollow need-like tube that is used to drew out the contents of the cavities and hollow organs of the body is
    trocar
  248. according to the nine region plan, what abdominal region is superior and lateral to the umbilical region
    hypochondriac
  249. according to the nine region plan, which region of the abdominal pelvic cavity is located just lateral of the umbilical region
    lumbar
  250. in the nine region plan, what region of the of the abdominal pelvic cavity id located immediately inferior to the umbilical region
    hypogastric
  251. what microorganism is recognized as the causative agent of tissue gas
    clostridium perfringens
  252. what type of cavity treatment involves the making of an incision from the xiphoid process of the sternum to the pubic symphysis of the pelvic girdle
    direct incision
  253. directing the point of the trocar towards a point one-forth of the distance from the right anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic symphysis is the trocar guide for the
    cecum/appendix
  254. where should the point of the trocar be directed to access the heart when the handle of the trocar is aligned with the left anterior superior iliac spine
    the lobe of the right ear
  255. who is responsible for creating the secondary dilution of the arterial solution
    the body of the decease
  256. jaundice fluid is classified as
    a special arterial fluid
  257. what is the purpose of formaldehyde in embalming fluids
    it acts as a preservative
  258. what is the purpose of the quaternary ammonium compound in embalming fluids
    hey act as supplementary germicides
  259. what type of anticoagulant will breakup clots by causing the mineral particles of he blood to fall out of suspension
    precipitants
  260. the most common vehicle used in embalming fluids is
    water
  261. what is the purpose of ponceau in embalming fluids
    it will impart a color change
  262. what is an example of a perfuming agent often used in embalming fluid
    Methyl salicylate
  263. what suture is NOT suited for closing an incision on an exposed area of the body
    whip or roll stitch
  264. how far above the injection site would the bottom of the gravity percolator need to be in order to achieve one pound of injection pressure
    two feet
  265. what is NOT a cause of extravascular resistance to fluid distribution
    thickened blood
  266. what would NOT be a condition that predisposes purge
    Arthritis
  267. what may cause malformations and deformities of a body
    Paralytic diseases
  268. an incision into a vessel that is parallel to the long axis of a blood vessel is the
    longitudinal incision
  269. "normal" aspiration does not usually involve the
    cranial cavity
  270. what procedure may be used to return the body of an emaciated case to normal contour and moisture content
    use restricted drainage
  271. the motorized force pump
    uses centrifugal force
  272. the method of creating injection pressure that incorporates air being forced under pressure into the fluid chamber to displace the embalming fluid into the body is
    are pressure
  273. where is the condition of jaundice first noticed on a dead body
    in the sclera of the eyeball
  274. what is the cause post-mortem extravascular blood discoloration
    Hemoglobin decomposition
  275. what sutures begins by placing the point of thee needle within the incision and then up through the shin passing from one side of the incision to the other side with each stitch
    baseball stitch
  276. what method of mouth closure would be used to secure the mouth of a body that has dentures but also serious gum disease
    mandibular suture
  277. what should the relative temperature of the primary dilution water be to embalm a severely dehydrated case
    cold
  278. the  type of embalming fluid used to disinfect and preserve the viscera in the cavities of the body is
    cavity fluid
  279. chemicals that are added to arterial fluids to meet the varying demands embalming difficult cases are
    modifying agents
  280. what are liquids or gels that help treat skin slip, gangrene and surface ulcerations
    Pack applications
  281. what instrument can be used to hold a cotton ball used to disinfect the eyes
    Spring forceps
  282. what embalming instrument can be used to clamp a leaking blood vessel
    Hemostat
  283. what would be the most likely to causes intravascular resistance to fluid distribution
    Thrombi
  284. the study of death is
    thanatology
  285. what is an inexpert test for death
    Ligature test
  286. what is the purpose of primary injection fluids
    they prepare the vascular system to accept arterial embalming fluids
  287. what is NOT a recommended method of stimulating blood drainage
    Application of a cavity compress
  288. what would NOT affect the rate of flow
    Adjusting the pressure knob
  289. what is NOT a recommended method of mouth closure
    injection of the corrugator muscle with cavity fluid
  290. what is the last body compound to decompose
    bone
  291. what is NOT the purpose for blood drainage
    to create dehydration
  292. what instruments is inserted into an artery to facilitate the introduction of arterial fluid
    arterial tube
  293. the process of chemically treating a dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganism, retard organic decomposition and restore an acceptable physical appearance is
    embalming
  294. who was the first to note the capillary circlation
    Marcello Malpighi
  295. what type of decomposition yields foul odors
    putrefaction
  296. what muscle is injected with a hypodermic injection of the cavity fluid to facilitate mouth closure
    masseter
  297. the cooling of the body to the temperature of its surrounding is
    algor mortis
  298. the anatomical guide for the axillary artery is at the medial border of the
    coracobrachialis muscle
  299. what suture patterns involves the use of two needles
    double intradermal stitch
  300. which artery can be located along a line from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point btwn the fourth and fifth digits of the upper extremity
    ulnar
  301. what factor is NOT encountered in every dead human body
    Extravascular factors
  302. what would be the last organ to decompose
    non-pregnant uterus
  303. if an embalmer elevated a gravity percolator ten feet above the injection site how many pounds of potential pressure would be created
    five
  304. which chemical substances inactivate the saprophytic bacteria of a body and alter the tissues of the body to render them less susceptible to decomposition
    preservatives
  305. the key ingredient of an arterial fluid classified as a cosmetic fluid is
    an active dye
  306. what is the name given to the embalming process in which the injection of one common carotid artery is accomplished while the other common carotid artery is occluded
    restricted cervical injection
  307. the artery which is a continuation of the anterior tibial artery is the
    dorsalis pedis
  308. what accessory chemicals is designed to preserve tissue either by direct contact or through gaseous vapors
    preservative powders
  309. what blood vessels is located posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle
    brachial artery
  310. what condition is associated with edema
    alcoholism
  311. what incisions is located along the superior border of the medial one-third of the clavicle
    supraclavicular incision
  312. what color is imparted to the body by radium treatment
    red
  313. what is lipolysis
    the decomposition of fat
  314. what is the prescribed incision for a sclerotic blood vessel
    triangular wedge
  315. what is a reliable sign of fluid distribution
    distention of the superficial vessels
  316. where is the common carotid artery found
    in the neck
  317. what is an example of a pre-embalming chemical change in a body
    postmortem caloricity
  318. what is an example of an air pressure apparatus used to embalm a body
    compressed air
  319. where are the iliac arteries and veins located
    in the pelvic cavity
  320. what is an example of a perfuming agent
    benzaldehyde
  321. the most common method used for arterially injecting a body is the
    force pump
  322. the post mortem stiffening of the body muscled is
    rigor mortis
  323. what suture is used to close a trocar puncture
    purse string
  324. what is the most commonly used disinfectant and preservative chemical agent in hardening compounds
    paraformaldehyde
  325. what is a commonly used moisture absorbing substance in hardening compound
    plaster of Paris
  326. what organs will yield bile when aspirated by a trocar
    gall bladder
  327. what terms designates a person who is in the act of dying
    moribund
  328. a moribund person is said to be in what state
    agonal state
  329. what type of death is said to begin in any one of three vital organs
    somatic death
  330. what is the mode of somatic death which begins in the brain
    coma
  331. what post mortem changes is NOT a physical change
    Rigor Mortis
  332. what is the decomposition of proteins by the enzymes of anaerobic bacteria
    putrefaction
  333. what substance undergoes the fermentation process
    carbohydrates
  334. what substance undergoes the process of decay by aerobic bacterial enzymes
    proteins
  335. what is the decomposition of sugar called
    saccharolysis
  336. what is hydrogen peroxide used for in the preparation of a dead body
    it can be used as a topical bleach and disinfectant of the body
  337. what muscle is injected with arterial fluid to facilitate the closure of the mouth
    masseter
  338. what instrument is used as a device to facilitate the closure of the mouth
    needle injector
  339. which vein is considered to be the companion to the common carotid artery
    internal jugular vein
  340. which artery should be raised and injected to facilitate the embalming of the body btwn the antecubital fossa and wrist
    radial
  341. which blood vessel lies just lateral of the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle
    radial artery
  342. which blood vessel is the continuation of the external iliac artery
    femoral artery
  343. which blood vessel continues as the brachial artery
    axillary artery
  344. what is the relationship of the femoral vein to the femoral artery
    it lies medial and deep
  345. what muscle acts as the anatomical guide for the external iliac artery
    psoas major
  346. what type of chemical agents are capable of inactivating saprophytic bacteria, rendering unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive and arresting the decomposition process
    pereservatives
  347. which chemical agents render microorganisms incapable of growth and reproduction
    preservative
  348. which chemical agents retard the tendency of blood to become more viscous
    anticoaulants
  349. what type of solution has the power to attract a solvent through a semi-permeable membrane into itself
    hypertonic solution
  350. what type of solution will have its solvent drawn through a semi-permeable membrane into a more concentrated solution
    hypotonic solution
  351. what type of solutions can be places on opposite side of a semi-permeable membrane w/o either solution attracting solvent from the other solution across the membrane
    isotonic solution
  352. what is the name given to a type of purge which has a color and order consistent with that of arterial fluid solution
    false purge
  353. what type of autopsy involves the post mortem examination of the brain only
    cranial autopsy
  354. what type of autopsy consists of the examination of the gastrointestinal tract below the diaphragm
    abdominal
  355. what type of autopsy consist of the examination of the contents of the cranial and ventral cavities
    complete
  356. which of these is the most accurate classification of livor mortis
    post mortem intravascular blood discoloration
  357. which of these is the most accurate classification of petechia
    ante mortem extravascular blood discoloration
  358. which instrument is used in the test for death involving the use of a beam of light to check for fluid movement in the eyeball
    ophthalmodcope
  359. which test for death involves the discoloration of the distal part of a finger or toe
    ligature test
  360. what is the common action of phenol, form alin and sodium hypochlorite on the tissues of the body
    they all are capable of bleaching the tissues
  361. what is the purpose of adding eosin and erythrosine to arterial fluid
    they impart a color to the tissue
  362. what embalming fluids produces maximum disinfection and preservation w/o causing objectionable changes in the skin texture
    semi-hardening arterial fluids
  363. what is NOT characteristic of an artery
    they collapse when cut
  364. what suture patterns is used to turn under the excess margins of skin in an incision
    worn stitch
  365. what blood vessel is NOT suitable for the injection of arterial fluids into a small infant
    superior vena cava
  366. what is considered to be the most important aspect of the embalming operation
    the disinfection of the body
  367. what conditions contributes to skin-slip
    putrefaction of the body tissues
  368. in what case will decomposition develop most rapidly
    edematous cases
  369. what temperatures is considered to be optimum for the growth and reproduction of bacteria
    °37.0 on the Celsius scale
  370. what device found in the preparation room uses water pressure to create a vacuum
    hydroaspirator
  371. what is the effect of a fan blowing a current of air over a dead body
    dehydration of the superficial tissue
  372. what embalming instrument is used to make an incision
    scalpel
  373. what term is used to describe the color of the external tissue of an artery
    cream-colored
  374. what is NOT a sign of decomposition
    hypostasis of the blood
  375. what would NOT influence the choice of the artery to be used in embalming
    the temperature of the body
  376. what is the purpose of phenol in embalming fluids
    it can act as a preservative/disinfectant
  377. what is the purpose of adding Oil of Wintergreen to an embalming fluid
    it can act as a perfuming agent
  378. what actions would help normalize the moisture content of an emaciated body
    the slow injection of a mild solution
  379. what is the solid state of formaldehyde
    paraformaldehyde
  380. what is a disadvantage of using the gravity percolator for embalming
    it has a limited pressure range
  381. what is NOT a disadvantage of using a hand pump  to inject embalming fluids
    it may be adapted to be used for aspiration
  382. what suture patterns is best suited for exposed skin
    intradermal stitch
  383. what is NOT an expressed purpose for the use of massage cream on the body
    it will help retard the coagulation of protein
  384. what condition may affect the pressure t which arterial fluid must be injected to overcome the initial resistance
    rigor mortis
  385. if a body part has been mutilated, what embalming procedures is recommended
    sectional embalming
  386. if you are embalming a body which has an infectious disease when should the cavity treatment procedure begin
    immediately after arterial  injection is completed
  387. what provides extravascular resistance to fluid distribution
    tumors
  388. how can an extravascular discoloration be dealt with during the embalming process
    discoloration can be lessened by adding a bleaching agent to the arterial fluid
  389. what body organ will produce hydrochloric acid
    stomach
  390. what is the normal color of a nerve
    white
  391. what is NOT a stated objective of drainage procedures
    to increase the secondary dilution of the arterial fluid
  392. what is more accurate description of the pre-injection solution
    it is primary injection solution
  393. muscles of the face that drew the superior lip superiorly and anteriorly
    zygomaticus minor muscles
  394. muscles of the face that drew the superior lip posteriorly, superiorly, and anteriorly
    zygomaticus major muscles
  395. lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and a process of the zygomatic bone
    zygomatico-frontal process
  396. small bones of the cheeks. widest part of the cheek
    zygomatic bones
  397. one of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch
    zygomatic arch depression
  398. processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face
    zygomatic arch
  399. method of sewing an incision along the edges w/o entering the opening whereby the suture becomes invisible and the line of suture becomes depresses, which lends it ease of concealment by waxing
    worming suture
  400. dimension of an object measured across form side to side
    width
  401. operative or mechanical aid where an absorbent material, such as webbed cotton, is inserted into a body area where moisture is present, the absorbent material draws the moisture to the outside of the body
    wicking
  402. a solid form of water; this occurs at 32 degrees fahrenheit
    wet ice
  403. line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of each mucous membrane.
    weather line
  404. perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, balanced
    vertical
  405. inflammation of the liver caused by a virus (possibly as many as seven in #) capable of causing acute or chronic hepatitis illness. the transmission can be oral-fecal, parenteral, or sexual
    viral hepatitis
  406. internal organs enclosed w/I a cavity
    viscera
  407. resistance to the flow of a liquid. thickness of a liquid
    viscosity
  408. semifluid, transparent substance that lies btwn the retina and lens of the eyeball
    vitreous humor
  409. bone of the nasal cavity situated btwn the nasal passages on the median plane; forms the inferior and posterior portion of the septum of the nose
    vomer bone
  410. a drug-resistant bacterium found in feces and open wounds. it can also be found associated with nasogastric tubes often in patients who have had long hospitalization
    vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
  411. staphylococcus aureus pathogens that have become resistant to the drugs methicillin and vancomycin
    vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)
  412. areas of the skin surface that, during life, are naturally reddened; places where cosmetics will be applied to restore the warmth that red will give
    warm color areas
  413. complexing agent used to remove chemical constituents that could interfere with arterial formulations from municipal water supplies
    water conditioner
  414. quality of water containing certain substances, especially soluble salts of calcium and magnesium
    water hardness
  415. arterial injection of an embalming solution composed of arterial fluid, humectant, and coinjection fluid. no water is added to the solution
    waterless embalming
  416. quality of water containing certain substances, especially soluble salts of calcium and magnesium
    water hardness
  417. complexing agent used to remove chemical constituents that could interfere with arterial formulations from municipal water supplies
    water conditioners
  418. areas of the skin surface that, during life, are naturally reddened; places where cosmetics will be applied to restore the warmth that red will give
    warm color areas
  419. Staphylococcus aureus pathogens that have become resistant to the drugs methicillin and vancomycin
    Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)
  420. A drug-resistant bacterium found in feces and open wounds. it can also be found associated with nasogastric tubes often in patients who have had long hospitalization
    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
  421. bone of the nasal cavity situated btwn the nasal passages on the median plane; forms the inferior and posterior portion of the septum of the nose
    vomer bone
  422. semifluid, transparent substance that lies btwn the retina and lens of the eyeball
    vitreous humor
  423. resistance to the flow of a liquid. Thickess of a liquid
    viscosity
  424. internal organs enclosed within a cavity
    viscera
  425. inflammation of the liver caused by a virus (possibly as many as seven in number) capable of causing acute or chronic hepatitis illness. The transmission can be oral-fecal, or sexual.
    viral hepatitis
  426. perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, balances
    vertical
  427. top of the head is classified as the
    vertgex
  428. liquid that serves as a solvent for the numerous ingredients incorporated into embalming fluids
    vehicle
  429. use of blood vascular system of the body for temporary preservation, disinfection, and restoration. Usually accomplished through injection of embalming solutions into the arteries and drainage from the veins
    vascular (arterial) embalming
  430. Apparatus that prevents the backsiphoning of contaminated liquids into potable water supply lines or plumbing cross-connections within the preparation room
    vacuum breaker
  431. an approach to infection control in which all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if they are contaminated with HIV, hepatitis B (HBV), and other bloodborne pathogens
    Universal Precautions
  432. plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the neck down to and including the feet
    unionall
  433. angled cut of the borders of an excision, made so that the skin surface will overhang the deeper tissues
    undercut
  434. coloring (opaque) applied to an area, which, when dry, will be covered with was or another colorant

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