Music Class

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    The study and classification of instruments according to the way inwhich they produce sound
  2. classification systems



  3. The Sachs-Hornbostel classifications



  4. Aerophones
    •All types of wind instruments
  5. Chordophones
    • •All stringed instruments
    • Zither types

    •   -Strings
    • are stretched parallel along a board

    2) Lute types

    •    -Strings
    • are stretched along a fingerboard attached to a resonating chamber

    3) Harp types

    •    -Strings
    • are perpendicular to the sound board
  6. Idiophones
    • Includes instruments whose bodies
    • themselves vibrate
  7. Membranophones
    •Instruments in which a membrane vibrates
  8. Aspects of Indian History
    • •Indian subcontinent is bordered by desert
    • (Thar)
    • and Mountains (Himalayas)
  9. Some Indian Musical Instruments
    •Harmonium—a pump organ (aerophone)

    •Sitar—multi-stringed fretted chordophone

    • •Tambura—fretless
    • droning chordophone

    • •Sarangi—fretless
    • bowed chordophone

    •Tabla—pair of small drums (membranophone)

    • Pakhavaj—two-headed
    • drum held on the lap
  10. Tambura
  11. Harmonium
  12. Sarangi
  13. Sitar
  14. Tabla
  15. Ravi Shankar
    • •Music
    • director of All India Radio 1949–56

    • •Toured
    • Europe and America from late 1950s
  16. Raga
    •A scale or mode, and its characteristics
  17. Hindustani Musical Terminology
    •Bol—Musical or rhythmic syllable

    •Alap—Improvised exposition of a raga

    •Gat—Short composed melody

    •Tora—Improvisational passage

    • •Jor—Section following alap,
    • introduces a pulse

    •Jhala—Fast concluding section, after the jor
  18. A few differences between Hindustani and Carnatic traditions
    • •Carnatic
    • music relies more on vocal music

    • •Carnatic uses
    • more composition, less improvisation (no Jhala, for
    • instance)
  19. Ghazal
    •Poetry associated with the Urdu language
  20. Sufism
    • •Sufism,
    • an ancient mystical form of Islam, has come to be seen as the most tolerant of
    • musical expression
  21. Arabic Instruments
    • •Darbucca–Most
    • common type of Middle Eastern drum (membranophone)

    • •Oud–Plucked fretless chordophone
    • (‘Lute’)

    • •Santour–Hammered
    • dulcimer (zither)

    •Setar–Plucked fretted chordophone

    •Nei–End-blown Flute (aerophone)
  22. Darbucca
  23. Oud
  24. Santour
  25. Setar
  26. Nei (flute)
  27. musical terminology
    • •Monophony–One melody played in unison by
    • more than one player

    Heterophony–Two or more players play the same melody, but slightly differently
  28. Names you should know
    • Umm Kulthum finest female Arabic singer of all time
    • Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan •Credited
    • with introducing Qawwali
    • music to an international audience.
  29. Qin
  30. Pipa
  31. Daluo
    falling pitch  gong
  32. Xiaoluo
    rising pitch  gong
  33. Nohkan
    •bamboo flute
  34. Shamisen
    •3 stringed lute
  35. O-daiko
    •large drum
  36. Hyoshigi
  37. Noh Theater
    • •Mask drama originating in the 14th
    • century
  38. Pansori
    • •Form of musical storytelling involving a
    • singer accompanied by a drum
  39. Kabuki
    • •Main form of Japanese popular musical
    • theater
  40. Hindustani
    Northern style Indian music
  41. Carnatic
    Southern style Indian music

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Music Class
2013-10-24 05:13:36

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