What is the most widely used and abused legal drug?
What do barbiturates & anti- anxiety drugs do to a person?
Barbiturates: “downers,” are normally taken
orally and create a feeling of well-being, relax the body, and produce sleep.
Anti- anxiety: overcomes pressure and tension
What does sniffing solvents do to a person?
slur speech, impair judgement, & double vision
What are depressants?
alcohol (ethanol), barbiturates,tranquilizers, and various substances that can be sniffed, (airplane glue, model cement), or aerosol gas propellants such as freon
What are stimulants?
Amphetamines, Cocaine, Caffeine, Nicotine
What are Hallucinogens?
Marijuana, LSD, PCP
How is cocaine used?
Sniffed or Snorted
What is tranquilizers?
unlike barbiturates, produce a
relaxing tranquility without impairment of high-thinking faculties or inducing
Know about MDMA (Ecstasy) & Rohypnol (Club Drugs)
Rohypnol: are central nervous system depressants that are often connected with drug-facilitated sexual assault, rape, and robbery
MDMA: a synthetic mind-altering drug that exhibits many hallucinogenic and amphetamine-like effects. Ecstasy enhances self-awareness and decreases inhibitions; however, seizures, muscle breakdown, stroke, kidney failure, and cardiovascular system failure often accompany chronic abuse
Controlled substance act schedules:
Schedule I: drugs have a high potential for abuse and have no currently accepted medical use such as heroin, marijuana, methaqualone and LSD.
Schedule II: drugs have a high potential for abuse and have medical use with severe
restrictions such as cocaine, PCP, and most amphetamine and barbiturate prescriptions.
Schedule III: drugs have less potential for abuse and a currently accepted medical use such as all barbiturate prescriptions not covered under Schedule II, codeine, and anabolic steroids.
Schedule IV: drugs have a low potential for abuse and have a current medical use such as darvon, phenobarbital, and some tranquilizers such as diazepam (valium) and chlordiazepoxide (librium).
Schedule V: drugs must show low abuse potential and have medical use such as opiate drug mixtures that contain nonnarcotic medicinal ingredients.
Drug color test & what drugs its used for?
Marquis: Heroin, Morphine, most opium
Dillie- Koppanyi: Barbiturates
Duquenois- Levine: Marijuana
Van Urk: LSD
Scott Test: Cocaine
What test is more specific?
What test is used first by drug analyst?
Which gives more of a positive I.D of a drug? UV or IR spectrophotometry?
Which techniques allows for separation & specific identification of a mixture?
Know the factors in the absorb rate of alcohol into the bloodstream.
Alcohol appears in the blood within minutes after it has been taken by mouth and slowly increases in concentration while it is being absorbed from the stomach and the small intestine into the bloodstream.
When all the alcohol has been absorbed, a maximum alcohol level is reached in the blood; and the post absorption period begins.