ASA #2

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  1. What was the majority of Asian American immigrants prior to 1965?
    primarily males and laborers
  2. What happened during to Asian Americans toward the post of 1965 immigration Act?
    • more..
    • skilled professionals
    • families
    • civil right movement = equal rights for all
  3. What was the national landscape of the 1960's?
    challenged race relations

    Dec 26, 1966: US News and World Report printed a story titled “Success Story of One Minority in the U.S.”

    Similar piece in the New York Times about Japanese Americans
  4. criticisms of model minority
    unwarranted assumptions about the progress of Asian Americans

    • Disaggregating data
    • Comparisons between AA and their White counterparts  were not equal

    tensions were generated with the underlying message that other minorities should stop complaining and work hard  to achieve the American Dream
  5. Racial Triangulation Theory
    AA even w/ hard work, they are still not seen as American

    creates a notion of who's smarter and works harder

    White American, Hispanic/African American are grouped as the Americans while Asians are excluded
  6. stereotypes
    exaggerated belief associated w/ certain category
  7. racism
    mistreatment of a person or a group of ppl. on the basis of his/ her racial/ethnic category
  8. prejudice
    bias against or in favor a group of ppl. based upon that group's categorization

    ex. MM is valuing AA as more outstanding than Hispanics/African Am. which put a disadvantage to other group
  9. discrimination
    behavior toward ppl. based on their categoization
  10. When does racism against AA usually occur?
    during political conditions
  11. What happened during 1940s?
    WWII & bombing of Pearl Harbor which brought discrimination toward Japanese Americans
  12. What happened during the 1950s?
    Korean war directed tension to wives & orphans
  13. What happened during the 1959-1975?
    • Vietnam War 
    • the policy made the veterans feel unpleased b/c veterans cannot speak their experience
    • resulting to post traumatic disorder
  14. What happened during the 1980s?
    the Japan auto-industry were out performing US which caused Detroit's industry ppl. to lose jobs thus ppl. directed anger at AA
  15. significant acts during 1882-1942
    Chinese Exclusion Act 1882

    Gentlemen's Agreement Act 1908

    Immigration Act of 1924

    Executive Order 90066 (1942)
  16. What was the Immigration Act of 1924?
    set quota of how many Asian immigrants can immigrate

    check by who is allow to come by different countries

    certain # from each part of the world are allowed
  17. What is a significant example of prejudice & discrimination to Japanese?
    Japanese internment

    • executive order of 9066
    • Removal of all those who were of Japanese ancestry

    2/3 imprisoned were U.S. citizens by birth 

    considered to be a "military necessity"
  18. How likely were AA picked on?
    AA are easily picked b/c of their physical appearance

    and the fact that Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor
  19. What kind of psychological consequences did AA develop?
    • uncertainty of the future
    • breakdown of family role structures
    • feeling of shame & humiliation
    • self blame
    • anxiety of being separated from family
    • self conscious about their heritage (set aside from their culture and become more American)
    • lowered sense of self esteem
  20. What happened to the Japanese Americans during the 1980s?
    less apparent racism direct @ Japanese Americans
  21. Which ethnic group is labeled as the "economic enemy"?
    Japanese Americans

    AA were exerting their identities by labeling pins that they are not Japanese Americans
  22. What is the dot-busters?
    The Dotbusters was a hate group in Jersey City, New Jersey, that attacked and threatened South Asians in the fall of 1987.
  23. Racism against South Asians
    • post 9/11
    • Sikh community (hate crime towards South Asians, Arab Am., Muslim, or Sikh ~ ppl. recognize their appearance and assume they are terroists from the Middle East)
    • racial profiling
  24. How are AA portray in the media?
    seen as

    perpetual foreigner



  25. How are AA seen as perpetual foreigner?
    actors making accents

    speaking broken English

    unsure about cultural conventions

    non-stereotypical individuals ridiculed
  26. How are AA portrayed as mysterious?
    different from Americans

    they are less known

  27. Why are Asian American seen as exotic?
    typically applied to AA women

    AA are desirable for sexual pleasures/potential seductresses
  28. Why are Asians label as invisible?
    more often villains, rarely heroes

    given more background roles
Card Set:
ASA #2
2013-10-29 22:33:35
Stereotypes Racism Model Minority Media

how it impacts Asian American's life
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